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INTERNATIONAL 
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN 
ASSOCIATION^ 
COLLEGE 

SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS 




THIRTY-SECOND CATALOGUE 
1916-1917 

WITH ANNOUNCEMENTS 
FOR 1917-1918 



CONFERENCE OF THE ASSOCIATION OF EMPLOYED OFFICERS OF THE 
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATIONS OF NORTH AMERICA 

JUNE 8-12, 1917 



Index 



Admission 120-1 

Advertisements 130-7 

Associajipit Seminar 43 

Calemiar* • • 3 

£©H«g q» Graduates: : .•• : 30-2 

Co.urses.of .Stjldy.: . 

"..TkjsVWbflfr-: • • 47, 116-8 

: Conrtty'WorV : •• • 46, 76-81 

General 48-57 
Physical 45, 82-113 

Preparatory 1 1 8-9 

Secretarial 44, 58-75 
Degrees and Diplomas 30, 75, 120 

Eligibility 123-4 

Equipment 32-8 

Expenses 122-3 

Faculty 8-11 

Graduate Work 57 

Institutes 13, 38 

Lecturers 12-3 

Libraries, Use of 57 

Mass. Agricultural College 80 

Normal Practice 39-42 

County Work Course 81 

Physical Course 96-114 

Secretarial Course 73-5 

Religious Education 52-3 

Objects and History 25-30 

Officers and Committees 4-5 

Seminars 72, 95-6 

Students 18-24 

Student Organizations 125-8 
Subjects of Study: 

Anatomy 85-6 

Anthropometry 90 
Association Administration 58-61 

Association Bookkeeping 71 

Association History 52 

Bible 49 

Biology 53 

Business Administration 69-71 

Campcraft 71 



Chemistry 87 
Comparative Religions 67 
County Work, History, etc. 77-8 
Economics 66 
English 55-6 
English Literature 63 
Field Science 56-7 
First Aid 95 
History of Christianity 51 
History of Physical Training 93-4 
H3'giene 88-9 
Massage 94-5 
Mathematics & Physics 86-7 
Medical Gymnastics 91 
Modern Religious Thought 50-1 
Music 56 
Personal Ethics 51 
Philosophy and Ethics 64 
Physical Diagnosis, etc. 90-1 
Physical Education Adminis- 
tration 91-2 
Physiology (physical course) 87-8 
Physiology, Hygiene and First 

Aid (Secretarial Course) 62-3 
Play and Playgrounds 92-3 
Problems of the Twentieth Cen- 
tury City 64-6 
Psychology 53-5 - 
Executive 61-2 
Social 67 
Religious Education 49-50 
Rural Economics 78-9 
Rural Institutional Life 79-80 
Rural Sociology 79 
Social Sciences 63-4 
Sociology 67 
World Classics by Translation 68-9 
World Politics 68 
World Sociology 68 
Theses 75, 81 
Tours 14-7 
Trustees 6 
Uniforms 111-2 



Thirty-Second Annual Catalog 



3 5 3 t 



International 
Young Men's Christian Association 

College 

Springfield, Massachusetts 



Founded in 1885 



1916-1917 



WITH ANNOUNCEMENTS FOR 1917-1918 



Announcement of Four Years' Course 



By vote of the Trustees, beginning in September, 1916, the 
College now offers a four years' course in all departments to high 
school graduates who are candidates for degrees. 

The College will continue to grant a diploma to men completing 
three years' work. 

The course offered for college graduates who hold degrees of 
B. A. or B. S. will as heretofore cover two years. 



1917-1918 



The great war has increased many fold the de- 
mand for men in the callings for which the College 
at Springfield trains its students. Between two 
and three thousand secretaries and other officers 
are serving with the armies overseas. Twelve hun- 
dred secretaries have been summoned to minister 
to the first million of American troops. If the 
war continues and this enlistment mounts to two 
million or three million men, more than two 
thousand additional army secretaries will be 
required. 

Physical training has become an integral part 
of modern education and a potent factor in build- 
ing character. The Slater bill created six hundred 
new positions for physical directors in New York 
state alone. The needs of the army have stimu- 
lated physical training. The demand for Christian 
physical directors who are thoroughly trained is 
greater than ever before. 

The county work department of the Young 
Men's Christian Association is seeking to organize 
one thousand counties to minister to the needs of 
rural young men and boys. Apparently the only 
hindrance to accomplishing this is the lack of 
properly qualified leaders. 

Even in countries absorbed in the war, the im- 
portance of work for boys has not been forgotten. 
The Canadian Associations determined to push 
work for boys no matter what else had to be 
neglected. The demands for leaders in work for 
boys are increasingly urgent. 



For these reasons, in spite of the toll of men 
needed for the army, there should be a large 
entering class at the College at Springfield on 
September nineteenth. We solicit the help of all 
of our friends in accomplishing this result. The 
war has taught the vital importance of prepared- 
ness for any calling and yet in the absorbing 
demands of the present moment there is danger 
that we will forget the future and be unprepared 
for the great constructive work which will fall to 
us to do when the war is over. President Wilson 
has urged that the colleges keep up their work 
and has emphasized the importance of young men 
continuing their education up to the time they 
are summoned to the colors. There have been 
no greater centers of patriotism in this country 
than the colleges. It is our expectation to carry 
on the work for the coming year at Springfield 
with all the departments fully manned. 



New Course for Army Work Secretaries 

There have been so many calls for army work 
secretaries and there is such a possibility of this 
work being greatly increased in the future by the 
adoption of universal military service that the 
College has added a department of training for 
the army secretaryship to its work. Both special 
and complete courses will be offered in this 
department. 

The College earnestly invites the cooperation 
of all who are interested in this work of advancing 
the kingdom of Christ among boys and young 
men. 



Committee of One Hundred 



Continuation Committee 

J. Claude Armstrong, Chairman, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Burt B. Farnsworth, Secretary, New York City- 
John Brown, Jr., M.D., New York City Edward W. Hearne, Boston, Mass. 
Charles A. Coburn, Newark, N. J. Raymond P. Kaighn, New York City 
George J. Fisher, M.D., New York City George W. Mehaffey, Boston, Mass. 
Lewis E. Hawkins, Providence, R. I. Richard C. Morse, New York City 



P. M. Allen, Jamestown, N. Y. 
E. V. Ambler, Dalton, Mass. 
L. H. Avery, Torrington, Conn. 
E. S. Bailey, Pacolet, S. C. 
C. H. Barnes, New Britain, Conn. 
H. W. Bascom, Newton, Mass. 
L. A. Black, Butler, Pa. 
H. R. Bolles, Troy, N. Y. 
W. E. Brown, Naugatuck, Conn. 
C. B. Bryant, Bar Harbor, Me. 
H. D. Bryant, Woonsocket, R. I. 
J. C. Church, New London, Conn. 

E. P. Cookingham, Mechanicville, N.Y. 
W. K. Cooper, Washington, D. C. 

R. M. Corbett, Clearfield, Pa. 
W. H. Cox, Camden, N. J. 

A. M. Craig, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

C. W. Crist, Ardmore, Pa. 

W. H. Crown, Philadelphia, Pa. 
W. J. Davison, Albany, N. Y. 
W. O. Easton, Philadelphia, Pa. 
J. W. Eddy, Atlantic City, N. J. 
H. E. Edmonds, New York City 
J. D. Elmendorf, Chrome, N. J. 

F. H. Everingham, Dickerson Run, Pa. 
V. B. Fisk, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Olof Gates, Elizabeth, N. J. 
H. G. Grauel, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Halsey Hammond, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

B. W. Hedrick, Camden, N. J. 
W. H. Henderson, Montreal, Que. 

D. C. Hess, Franklin, Pa. 

B. A. Hoover, New York City 
D. M. Howell, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

C. R. Jackson, Scranton, Pa. 
S. F. Jenkins, Pottstown, Pa. 
T. R. Jordan, Utica, N. Y. 

M. T. Kamm, Asbury Park, N. J. 
J. F. Keeler, Philadelphia, Pa. 



R. H. King, Charleston, S. C. 

W. S. Lacy, Bridgeport, Conn. 

H. P. Lansdale, Rochester, N. Y. 

J. F. Leonard, Winsted, Conn. 

T. E. Lewis, Freeland, Pa. 

S. M. Lipscomb, New Brunswick, N. J. 

W. H. Mann, Conway, Pa. 

R. E. McNally, Glens Falls, N. Y. 

J. W. Moninger, Washington, Pa. 

W. J. Montgomery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

W. A. Morse, Holyoke, Mass. 

A. L. Mould, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

J. A. Muffley, New Castle, Pa. 

A. D. Murray, Madison, N. J. 

C. H. Nuttle, Morristown, N. J. 

H. M. Orne, New York City 

H. W. Owen, Kannapolis, N. C. 

G. H. Peabody, Pawtucket, R. I. 

A. F. Peterson, No. Tonawanda, N. Y. 
E. R. Pike, Philadelphia, Pa. 
C. H. Potter, Orange, N. J. 
W. G. Richards, Portland, Me. 

H. A. Rockwood, Amsterdam, N. Y. 
E. B. Searles, Lancaster, Pa. 

L. H. Shaw, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 
A. T. Shearin, Darlington, S. C. 

E. W. Sheffield, Chester, Pa. 
J. W. Smith, Norfolk, Va. 
H. C. Snead, Lynchburg, Va. 
William Stahl, Juniata, Pa. 

C. E. Steele, Hagerstown, Md. 

M. J. Stickel, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

R. O. Stratton, Clifton Springs, N. Y. 

John Tagg, Batavia, N. Y. 

F. L. Thornberrv, Kingston, N. Y. 
W. L. Tisdale, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

C. H. Turner, Port Jervis, N. Y. 

G. F. Warner, Durham, N. C. 

H. A. Wilkinson, Bennington, Vt. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/catalog1916inte 



Calendar 



Annual meeting of the Corporation on the second Friday in 
June. 

Three meetings of the Trustees are held annually — in Septem- 
ber, in April and in connection with the Corporation meeting in 
June. 

College financial year, September 1 to August 31. 

1917 

January 3 — Wednesday .... Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 16-24 Senior Trip. 

March 19-23 Junior Trip. 

March 23 — Friday End of Winter Term. 

April 3 — Tuesday Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 3-8 Commencement. 

June 16-July 15 and July 17-August 15, Training Course for 

Army Work Secretaries and Physical Directors. 
September 19 — Wednesday .... Beginning of Fall Term. 
December 21 — Friday End of Fall Term. 

1918 

January 3 — Thursday .... Beginning of Winter Term. 

March 15-23 Senior Trip. 

March 18-22 Junior Trip. 

March 22— Friday End of Winter Term. 

April 2 — Tuesday Beginning of Spring Term. 

June 2-7 Commencement. 

There will be no school sessions on legal holidays. 

Persons desiring information concerning the College, or students outside 
the United States and Canada seeking admission to the College, are invited 
to correspond with President Doggett. 

Persons desiring information concerning the secretarial course, or 
admission to it, are invited to correspond with Professor Cheney. 

Persons desiring information concerning the physical course, or admis- 
sion to it, are invited to correspond with Dr. McCurdy. 

Persons desiring information concerning the county work course, or 
admission to it, are invited to correspond with Professor Campbell. 



Officers and Committees 
1916-1917 



President 

LAURENCE L. DOGGETT, Ph. D Springfield, Mass. 

Vice President 

HERBERT L. PRATT New York City. 

Treasurer 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

Auditor 

GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass. 

Recording Secretary 

JACOB T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass. 

Superintendent of Property 

JOHN F. SIMONS Springfield, Mass. 

Executive Committee 

WILLIAM F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass. 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

FREDERICK G. PLATT New Britain, Conn. 

Committee on Improving the Campus and Grounds 

AZEL A. PACKARD Springfield, Mass 

GEORGE C. BALDWIN Springfield, Mass. 

WILLIAM G. BALLANTINE Springfield, Mass. 

HANFORD M. BURR, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Investment Committee 

HENRY H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass. 

PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass. 

Committee on Instruction 

THOMAS M. BALLIET New York City. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTII New York City. 

GEORGE L. MEYLAN New York City. 

LEWIS E. HAWKINS Providence, R. I. 

J. CLAUDE ARMSTRONG Brooklyn, N. Y. 

ARTHUR S. JOHNSON Boston, Mass. 

WILLIAM ORR Boston, Mass. 

GEORGE C. BALDWIN Springfield, Mass. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 



5 



Committee on Secretarial Course 

LEWIS E. HAWKINS Providence, R. I. 

BURT B. FARNSWORTH New York City. 

J. CLAUDE ARMSTRONG Brooklyn, N. Y. 

RALPH L. CHENEY, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on Physical Course 

THOMAS M. BALLIET New York City. 

WILLIAM ORR Boston, Mass. 

GEORGE L. MEYLAN New York City. 

HERBERT L. PRATT New York City. 

JAMES H. McCURDY, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Committee on County Work Course 

HORACE A. MOSES Springfield, Mass. 

GIFFORD PINCHOT Philadelphia, Pa. 

ALBERT E. ROBERTS New York City. 

WINTHROP M. CRANE, JR Dalton, Mass. 

KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD Amherst, Mass. 

WALTER J. CAMPBELL, Secretary Springfield, Mass. 

Members of Training Conference 

LAURENCE L. DOGGETT Springfield, Mass. 

RALPH L. CHENEY Springfield, Mass. 

JAMES H. McCURDY Springfield, Mass. 

Seminars and Theses 

PROFESSORS HANFORD M. BURR, JAMES H. McCURDY, 
RALPH L. CHENEY. 

Degrees 

PROFESSORS HANFORD M. BURR, JAMES H. McCURDY, 
FRANK N. SEERLEY. 

The Association Seminar 

LAURENCE L. DOGGETT, FRANK N. SEERLEY, 
GEORGE B. AFFLECK, Editors. 
ISABEL A. RICHARDSON, Business Manager. 



Trustees 



FREDERICK G. PLATT 
WILLIAM KNOWLES COOPER 
MARTIN I. FOSS . 
L. WILBUR MESSER . 
KENYON L. BUTTERFIELD 
ARTHUR S. JOHNSON . 
GEORGE W. MEHAFFEY 
HERBERT A. WILDER 
PRESTON B. KEITH . 
GEORGE E. DAY . 
WILLIAM F. ANDREWS 
GEORGE C. BALDWIN . 
CHARLES H. BARROWS 
HENRY H. BOWMAN . 
GEORGE D. CHAMBERLAIN 
CLIFTON A. CROCKER 
WILLIAM H. DEXTER . 
LAURENCE L. DOGGETT . 
WILLIAM A. LINCOLN 
JOHN H. LOCKWOOD . 
AZEL A. PACKARD 
DAVID ALLEN REED . 
CHARLES T. KILBORNE 
J. CLAUDE ARMSTRONG . 
JOHN W. COOK . 
THOMAS M. BALLIET 
BURT B. FARNSWORTH 
GEORGE J. FISHER 
LUTHER H. GULICK . 
GEORGE L. MEYLAN . 
RICHARD C. MORSE . 
WILLIAM ORR 
HERBERT L. PRATT . 
RODERICK STEPHENS 
ROBERT S. ROSS . 
GIFFORD PINCHOT . 
WALTER M. WOOD 
LEWIS E. HAWKINS . 
ARTHUR J. HOLDEN . 



New Britain, Conn. 
Washington, D. C. 
Chicago, 111. 
Chicago, 111. 
. Amherst, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
BosUn, Mass. 
Boston, Mass. 
Campello, Mass. 
Somerville, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Orange, N. J. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
New York City. 
Schenectady, N. Y. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Providence, R. I. 
Bennington, Vt. 



Trustees are also members of the 



Corporation. 



Corporators 



Australia, Adelaide, H. A. Wheeler. 
Brazil, Rio Janeiro, Myron A. Clark. 

" Porto Alegre, Alvaro Almeida. 
China, Shanghai, P. L. Gillett. 
France, Havre, Leon Mann. 

" Paris, C. A. Bonnamaux. 
Great Britain, England, London, M. H. Hodder. 

How'd Williams. 

" " " Lord Kinnaird. 

41 " " John J. Virgo. 

" Scotland, Edinburgh, R. H. Smith. 

Hawaii, Honolulu, James A. Rath. 
India, Calcutta, J. H. Gray. 
Italy, Rome, M. B. Rideout. 
Japan, Tokyo, Galen M. Fisher. 

" " T. Komatsu. 

Russia, Moscow, F. A. Gaylord. 
South Africa, Cape Town, H. N. Holmes. 
Sweden, Stockholm, Karl Fries. 
Switzerland, Geneva, Rudolph Horner. 
Turkey, Constantinople, D. J. Van Bommel. 
Alberta. Edmonton, F. I. Grobb. 
Manitoba, Winnipeg, T. D. Patton. 
Nova Scotia, Wolfville, L. W. Archibald. 
Ontario, Toronto, C. W. Bishop. 

C. M. Copeland. 
Quebec, Montreal, J. E. Merritt. 

D. W. Ross. 
California, Riverside, J. George Hunter. 

" San Diego, F. D. Fagg. 
" San Francisco, H. J. McCoy. 
Colorado, Denver, William E. Sweet. 
Delaware, Wilmington, P. M. Colbert. 
District of Columbia, Washington, G. H. Winslow. 
Florida, Pensacola, J. H. Sherrill. 
Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White. 
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown. 
" " Frank H. Burt. 

A. A. Stagg. 
" Robert Weidensall. 
" Elgin, Alfred Edwards. 

Galesburg, J. W. Stafford. 
Iowa, Cedar Falls, Homer H. Seerley. 

" Davenport, H. W. Russell. 
Kansas, Lawrence, James Naismith. 
Maryland, Baltimore, F. A. White. 
Maine, Waterville, J. C. Smith. 
Massachusetts, Boston, W. E. Colley. 

" A. E. Garland. 
E. W. Hearne. 
Chicopee, James L. Pease. 
Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick. 



Massachusetts, Holyoke, C. W. Rider. 

** Leominster, J. A. Goodhue. 

" Lowell, W. A. Bowen. 

" Maiden, George L. Richards. 

" Newton, Fred G. White. 

" Salem, Christian Lantz. 

Springfield, G. B. Affleck. 

J. T. Bowne. 
" ** Joshua L. Brooks. 

R. L. Cheney. 
R. W. Ellis. 
W. D. Kinsman. 
" " Kenneth Robbie. 

A. B. Wallace. 
Michigan, Detroit, H. C. Van Tuyl. 
Nebraska, Omaha, R. S. Flower. 
New Jersey, Plainfield, C. W. McCutchen. 

W. D. Murray. 
New York, Albany, H. A. Edwards. 
" Brooklyn, C. W. Dietrich. 

F. B. Pratt. 
New York, W. H. Ball. 
" " M. J. Exner. 

W. G. Lotze. 
" " O. C. Morse. 

" " J. Herman Randall. 

W. S. Richardson. 
A. E. Roberts. 
" " J. Gardner Smith. 

L. D. Wishard. 
" Rochester, H. P. Lansdale. 
" Troy, Robert Cluett. 
" ** H. S. Ludlow. 

" W. C. Smith. 
No. Carolina, Davidson College, Prof. H. L. Smith. 

Charlotte, F. C. Abbott. 
Ohio, Cleveland, F. M. Barton. 

A. D. Hatfield. 
" " R. E. Lewis. 

** Dayton, H. D. Dickson. 
Oregon, Portland, H. W. Stone. 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Thomas DeWitt Cuyler. 
" Pittsburgh, Benjamin Thaw. 

Wilkes-Barre, F. M. Kirby. 
Rhode Island, Pawtucket, H. M. Fillebrown. 
Tennessee, Chattanooga, J. B. Milligan. 
" Knoxville, James H. Cowan. 
" Nashville, O. E. Brown. 
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Flardie. 
Vermont, Burlington, W. J. Van Patten. 

" Montpelier, A. J. Howe. 
Washington, Seattle, H. A. Cook. 

" " E. C. Kilbourne. 



Members of the Faculty 



Laurence L. Doggett, Ph. D., D. D., President; History and Literature 
of the Young Men's Christian Association, . . 250 Alden Street. 

A. B., Oberlin College, 1886; assistant state secretary Ohio Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associations, 1888; student Union Seminary, 1889; B. D., Oberlin Theological 
Seminary, 1890; A. M., Oberlin College, 1890; general secretary town Young 
Men's Christian Association, Oberlin, 1890; assistant state secretary Ohio Young 
Men's Christian Associations, 1890-93; Ph. D., Leipsic University, 1895; state sec- 
retary Ohio Young Men's Christian Associations, 1895-96; president International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1896 — ; author "History of the Young 
Men's Christian Association," Vol. I., 1896; "History of the Boston Young Men's 
Christian Association," 1901; "Life of Robert R. McBurnev," 1902; principal 
Silver Bay Institute, 1903-12; D. D., Oberlin College, 1911; editor The Association 
Seminar, 1912 — . 

Jacob T. Bowne, M. H. ; Librarian and Instructor in Library Methods, 

121 Northampton Avenue. 

In business, 1863-77; secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Hudson, 
N. Y., 1877-78; assistant secretary Brooklyn Association, 1878-80; secretary New- 
burgh, N. Y., Association, 1880-83; in charge of Secretarial Bureau of Interna- 
tional Committee, New York City, 1883-85; professor and librarian International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1885 — ; founder Historical Library of 
the American Young Men's Christian Associations, 1877; founder of the Secre- 
taries' Insurance Alliance, 1880; joint editor of "Association Handbook," 1887-92; 
author "Decimal Classification for Association Publications," 1891; joint author 
"Decimal Classification for Physical Training," 1901; compiler "Classified Bibliog- 
raphy of Boy Life and Organized Work With Boys," 1906; M. H., International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1906. 

Frank N. Seerley, B. Ph., M. D., M. H., Dean; Hygiene and Psychology, 

180 Westford Avenue. 

General secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Iowa City, Iowa, 1883-85; 
general secretary Davenport, Iowa, Association, 1886-87; general secretary Osh- 
kosh, Wis., Association, 1888-89; student International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1889-90; professor International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, 1890 — ; M. D., State University, Vermont, 1891; B. Ph., State 
University, Iowa, 1896; student Clark University Summer School three years; 
official lecturer for the American Society of Sanitary and Moral Prophylaxis, 1907- 
— ; member Springfield Board of Education, 1896-1912; editor The Association 
Seminar, 1901-12; associate editor, 1912 — ; student in psychology at University of 
Paris and physical director Paris Young Men's Christian Association, 1903-04; 
M. H., International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1907; Dean, 
1907 — ; Lecturer in colleges under college department, International Committee, 
1912—. 

Hanford M. Burr, B. A., B. D., M. H. ; Christian History, Economics 
and Philosophy, 54 Alden Street. 

B. A., Amherst College, 1885; B. D., Hartford Theological Seminary, 1888; 
assistant pastor of First Church, Lowell, Mass., 1889; pastor Park Church, Spring- 
field, Mass., 1890-92; professor International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1892 — ; postgraduate work in sociology, economics and psychology at 
Columbia University, 1897; author "Studies in Adolescent Boyhood,". 1907; "Don- 
ald McRea," 1911; "Around the Fire," 1912; "Tales of Telal," 1914; "The 
Inner Office," 1916; M. H., International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1911. 

James H. McCurdy, A. M., M. D., M. P. E. ; Director of Physical Course, 

93 Westford Avenue. 

Assistant secretary Bangor, Me., 1887; physical director Auburn, Me., 1888; 
student International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1889-90; athletic 
and aquatic director New York City Association, 1891-94; M. D., New York Uni- 
versity, 1893; physical and medical director Twenty-third Street Branch Associa- 
tion, New York City, 1893-95; professor International Young Men's Christian 



9 

Association College, 1895 — ; graduate student in physiology of exercise Harvard 
Medical School, 1896 and 1900; lecturer on physiology of exercise Harvard Sum- 
mer School, 1903-11; joint author "Decimal Classification for Physical Training," 
1901; member of the Academy of Physical Education, of the Physical Directors' 
Society of the Young Men's Christian Associations of North America, of the Col- 
lege Directors' Society, of the Society for the Study of Athletics, of the perma- 
nent committee on International School Hygiene, and of the National commission 
on the reorganization of secondary education; delegate to the National Collegiate 
Athletic Association; special collaborator for the United States Bureau of Educa- 
tion; president American Athletic Federation; author "Bibliography of Physical 
Training," 1905; editor American Physical Education Review, 1906 — ; M. P. E., 
International Youns: Men's Christian Association College, 1907; honorary graduate 
Sargent Normal School, 1907; graduate student Clark University, 1908-09; A. M., 
Clark University, 1909. 

William G. Ballantine, D. D., LL. D. ; The Bible, 

321 St. James Avenue. 

A. B., Marietta College, 1868; A. M., 1874; graduate Union Theological Semi- 
nary, New York, 1872; student University of Leipsic, 1872-73; D. D., Marietta 
College, 1885; LL. D., Western Reserve University, 1891; assistant engineer 
American Palestine Exploring Expedition, 1873; professor of chemistry and nat- 
ural science, Ripon College, 1874-76; assistant professor of Greek, Indiana Uni- 
versity, 1876-78; professor of Greek and Hebrew, Oberlin Theological Seminary, 
1878-81; professor of Old Testament language and literature, 1881-91; president 
Oberlin College, 1891-96; professor International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, 1897 — ; author of "Inductive Logic" and "Inductive Bible Studies," 
published by the International Committee Young Men's Christian Associations; 
student University of Berlin, 1907-08. 

Elmer Berry, B. S., M. P. E. ; Chemistry, Physiology, Gymnastics and 
Athletics, Fencing, Assistant Football Coach, Baseball Coach, 

171 Westford Avenue. 

B. S., University of Nebraska, 1901; student assistant physical department 
University of Nebraska, 1899-1901; second lieutenant Nebraska University Cadets, 
1901; graduate International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1902; 
fellow, 1903; assistant professor, 1903-04; professor, 1904 — ; M. P. E., 1908; 
editor "A Manual of Marching"; instructor physiology of exercise and gymnastics, 
Silver Bay Summer Institute, 1906 — ; special student Harvard Medical School, 
summers 1907-08; student University of Berlin, 1912-13. 

Ralph L. Cheney, B. S., B. H.; Director of Secretarial Course, Associa- 
tion Methods, Sociology, 129 Westford Avenue. 

B. S., Oberlin College, 1898; in business, 1898-99; graduate International Young 
Men's Christian Association College, 1901; assistant secretary Albany, N. Y., 
Association, 1901-03; general secretary Niagara Falls, N. Y., Association, 1903-07; 
B. H., International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1907; professor, 
1907 — ; instructor Association Methods and Municipal Sociology, Silver Bay 
Summer Institute, 1908 — ; Graduate work in Sociology and Economics, Columbia 
University Summer School, 1914. 

Frederick S. Hyde, B. A., B. D. ; General History, English, Music, 

250 Alden Street. 

Graduate Amherst College, 1888; teacher in Syrian Protestant College, Beirut, 
Syria, 1888-92; graduate Union Theological Seminary, N. Y., 1894; pastor Con- 
gregational Church, Groton, Conn., 1894-1907; professor International Young Men's 
Christian Association College, 1907—; editor "Springfield College Songs." 

George B. Affleck, B. A., M. P. E. ; Hygiene, Anthropometry, History, 
Aquatics, 2 Gunn Square. 

Graduate Manitoba Provincial Normal School, 1895; B. A., University of Mani- 
iono'™ 1897 ' J assistant secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Winnipeg, 
1898-99; graduate International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1901; 
physical director State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, Iowa, 1901-07; B. P. E., 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1907; physical director 
Central Department Young Men's Christian Association, Chicago, 111., 1907-08; 

professor International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1908 ; 

M. P E.. 1912; associate editor The Association Seminar, 1912 — . 



10 



Austin G. Johnson, B. Di., B. P. E. ; Mathematics, Physics and Chem- 
istry, Physical Normal Work, Assistant Baseball Coach, Basket 
Ball Coach, 208 Albemarle Avenue. 

B. Di., Iowa State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, Iowa, 1905; principal high 
school, Zearing, Iowa. 1905-06; B. P. E., International Young Men's Christian 
Association College, 1908; playground supervisor, Louisville, Ky., summers 1909 
and 1910; professor International Young Men's Christian Association College, 

1909—. 

Louis C. Schroeder, B. P. E. ; Recreation, Gymnastics and Athletics, 

129 Westford Avenue. 

B. P. E., International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1912; chair- 
man gymnastic committee; amateur athletic union, Metropolitan section, 1908-09; 
member championship gymnastic teams, Indianapolis, 1905; Frankfort-on-Main, 
Germany, 1908; Cincinnati, 1909; instructor gymnastics and athletics, International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1908-12; professor, 1913 — ; supervisor 
Winnipeg, Man., playgrounds, 1912-15; Pittsfield, Mass., 1916 — . 

Ernest M. Best, B. H., Pd. M. ; Religious Education, Religious Normal 
Work, 49 Westford Circle. 

Business, 1901-08, board of directors, Peterboro, Ont., Young Men's Christian 
Association; assistant secretary, Hamilton, Ont., Association, 1909; assistant 
supervisor playgrounds, Winnipeg, Man., summers, 1910-12; student International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1908-11; B. H., 1911; instructor in 
Preparatory English, 1910-11; assistant secretary West Side Association, New 
York City, 1912-13; postgraduate work New York University, 1912-13; special 
student Union Theological Seminary, New York City, 1912-13; professor Inter- 
national Young Men's Christian Association College, 1913 — . Absent on leave. 

Walter J. Campbell, M. A. ; Director of County Work Course; County 
Work Methods, Rural Economics and Rural Sociology, 

34 Dunmoreland Avenue. 

B. A., Princeton University, 1899; Princeton Theological Seminary, 1899-1902; 
M. A., Princeton University, 1902; director of playgrounds, New York City, 
summers 1900 and 1901; pastor Presbyterian Church, Suffern, N. Y., 1902-06; 
associate State County Work secretary for New York, 1906-11; State County 
Work secretary for Pennsylvania, 1911-14; director of County Work course, 
International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1914 — ; member of 
faculty, Silver Bay County Work Institute, 1906 — ; leader in "Challenge of the 
Country" at Eagles Mere and Northfield Student Conferences, 1912 — . 

Donnell Brooks Young, B. S. ; Biology, ... 33 Dunmoreland Avenue. 

B. S., Amherst College, 1911; assistant in biology, Amherst College, 1911-13; 
student at Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, summers 1913 and 1914; 
graduate student at Columbia, 1913-16; assistant in zoology, Columbia University, 
1914-16; professor of biology, William and Mary College, summer sessions, ^ 1915 
and 1916; professor of biology, International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1916—. 

Earl F. Zinn, B. H. (Acting) ; Religious Education, Religious Normal 
Work, 54 Alden Street. 

Physical director Dubois, Pa., Young Men's Christian Association, 1909-10; 
Keokuk, Iowa, Young Men's Christian Association, 1910-12; International Young 
Men's Christian Association College, Springfield, Mass., 1912-16; B. H., 1916; 
graduate study Columbia University, summer, 1916; acting professor International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, 1916 — . 

Stacy B. Betzler, B. P. E. ; Anatomy, Massage, Medical Gymnastics and 
Physical Education, 51 Westford Avenue. 

Instructor physical education Newark Academy, 1892-94; business, 1894-97; 
instructor physical education Providence, R. L, Athletic Association, 1897-98; 
student University of Virginia Medical School, 1898-99; instructor physical educa- 
tion Peekskill Military Academy, 1899-1900; Stroudsburg Normal School, 1900-01; 
Young Men's Christian Association, Cortland, N. Y.. 1901-02; Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association, Madison, N. J., 1904-12; two years training in medical gymnastic 
department Vanderbilt clinic, Columbia University; ten years' experience as 
specialist in medical gymnastics; B. P. E., International Young Men s Christian 
Association College, 1916; professor International Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion College, 1916—. 

John F. Simons, B. H. ; Registrar, .... 94 Massachusetts Avenue. 



Instructors 

Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett, M. A.; English Literature, 

250 Alden Street. 

A. B., Oberlin College, 1890; M. A., Wellesley College, 1893; Leipsic University, 
graduate work in English, 1894-95; instructor in Greek and general history, Pike 
Seminary, Pike, N. Y., 1885-88; principal Women's Department and professor 
English literature and English history, Washburn College, Topeka, Kan., 1893-94; 
instructor English literature, International Young Men's Christian Association 
College, 1898 — ; instructor MacDuffie School, 1906-09. 

Georgina E. Carr, B. A.; Assistant Librarian, 5 Northampton Avenue. 

Boston University, 1905; New York State Library School, 1906; Worcester 
Public Library, 1906-07; Union College Library, 1907; Troy Public Library, 1908- 
11; International Young Men's Christian Association College, 1912 — . 

Miss I. A. Richardson 181 Massachusetts Avenue. 

Association Bookkeeping 
Bookkeeping 

Cecil Hastings Dormitory Building. 

English 

Tutors in Physical Education 



F. H. Andraud 


R. H. Long 


H. D. Babcock (pianist) 


D. R. Mclntyre 


F. J. Beier 


J. E. Middagh 


E. Benatre 


R. Mitterling 


F. A. Bode 


R. Nickerson 


T. W. Booth 


P. Otto 


E. E. Bretschneider 


W. D. Owl 


F. L. Brown 


W. C. Parker 


H. C. Buck 


R. H. Peters 


T. F. Bullen 


R. W. Peters 


H. O. Dresser 


H. Roberts 


R. A. Esbjornsen 


R. R. Sermon 


R. C. Frank (pianist) 


J. H. Smith 


G. E. Goss 


G. T. Stafford 


C. L. Graham 


S. C. Staley 


P. S. Graham 


G. H. Taylor 


R. E. Habermann 


E. A. Thorn 


H. H. N. Hillebrandt 


R. L. Tichenor 


S. Hinman 


C. D. Todd 


H. Hoogesteger 


H. W. S. Van Arsdale 


C. E. Horton 


W. C. Wade 


H. H. House 


R. B. Whetstone 


J. W. Jefferson 


W. H. Whiting 


H. W. Jenkins 


W. S. Williams 


F. L. Jouannet 


C. C. Wilson 


L. J. Judd 


M. G. Zielminski 


L. G. Kranz 





12 



Lecturers, 1916-1917 

Henry Israel, Secretary Foreign Work Department International Com- 
mittee, New York City. "Life in the German Prison Camps of 
England." "Association Work in the Prison Camps of Europe." 

Fred L. Willis, General Secretary, Worcester, Mass. "The Story of the 
New Association Building Movement in Worcester." 

H. W. Gibson, State Secretary for Boys, Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 
Boston. "Present Tendencies in Work for Boys." 

Louis E. Jallade, Architect, New York City. "The Location and Furnish- 
ings of the Boys' Department." 

David W. Armstrong, Superintendent Boys' Club, Worcester, Mass. "The 
Boys' Club." 

John A. Scheuerle, General Secretary Hampden County Improvement 
League, Springfield, Mass. "Eastern States Exposition." 

Dr. John Brown, Jr., Area Supervisor for Ontario and Quebec, Military 
Service Department of the Canadian National Council, Toronto, 
Ont. "Work of Young Men's Christian Association Among 
Soldiers in Canada." 

Dr. Allen A. Stockdale, Pastor First Congregational Church, Toledo, 
Ohio. "Essentials for Success." 

Rev. H. D. Hickey, Pastor Asbury M. E. Church, Springfield, Mass. 
"Jesus, the Teacher." 

Dr. I. E. Miller, Extension Teacher Columbia University, New York City. 
"As a Man Thinketh in his Heart, so is He." 

E. P. Conlin, County Secretary Norfolk County, Mass. "Graded Boys' 
Work in the Community." 

C. O. Dustin, Secretary of the Bureau of Municipal Research, Springfield, 

Mass. "Municipal Week." 

D. H. Smith, Executive Secretary of the Training School for Municipal 

Officers, New York City. "Training School for Municipal Offi- 
cers." 

Wm. H. Ball, Secretary Physical Department International Committee, 
New York City. "Railroad Athletics." 

Rev. John M. MacInnis, Syracuse, N. Y. "Religion the Essential Factor 
in Modern Life." 

Robert B. Reeves, General Secretary, Troy, N. Y. "The Young Men's 
Christian Association — a Field for Service." 

Rev. J. W. Suter, Jr., Pastor Faith Church, Springfield, Mass. "Thanks- 
giving." 



13 

E. E. Bohner, Industrial Secretary, Providence, R. I. "Immigration." 

Professor T. G. Soares, University of Chicago. "Recent Progress in Reli- 
gious Education." "Our Conception of God." 

John Spargo, New York City. "Socialism." 

Geo. E. Dawson, Ph. D., Psychologist Springfield Schools. "Clinical 
Evidences of Nervousness." 

E. N. Huntress, General Secretary Young Men's Christian Association, 
Pittsfield, Mass. "Association Housekeeping." 

Richard C. Morse, New York City. "Growth and Development of the 
Young Men's Christian Association." 

James E. Peabody, New York City. "Heredity." 

Boys' Work Institute 

E. M. Robinson, International Secretary Boys' Department, New York 
City. "The Greater Opportunity in Boys' Work." 

a. Relationship to Other Agencies Doing Work with Boys. 

b. The New Religious Emphasis in Work with Boys. 

C. C. Robinson, International Secretary Boys' Department, New York 
City. "The Wage Earning Boy." 

a. Needs and Opportunity. 

b. A Program of Work. 

Frank H. T. Ritchie, International Secretary Boys' Department, New 
York City. "The Community Work of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association." 

Arthur N. Cotton, International Secretary Boys' Department, New York 
City. "The Significance of Work with High School Boys." "A 
Program of Work with High School Boys." "Why I Entered 
the Association Work with Boys and Still Continue." 

Missionary Conference 

John Douglas Adam, Hartford Theological Seminary, Hartford, Conn. 
"Awakening of the Country." 

Robert E. Speer, Secretary Presbyterian Board Foreign Missions, New 
York City. "The Awakening." 

George Sherwood Eddy, International Committee, New York City. 
"Moral Problems of the Great War." 

Frank N. D. Buchman, State College, Pa. "The Lure of the East." 

Mrs. F. G. Platt, formerly of Turkey. "What it Means to be a Mis- 
sionary." 



14 



Annual Tour, Senior Glass, 1917 

Headquarters, March 16-21, Arlington Hotel, 18 West Twenty-fifth Street, 

New York City 

Friday, March 16, 1917 

Arrive Leave 

Springfield 11.54 a.m. 

1.30 p.m. New Haven (phys. men) 

2.00 Yale Gymnasium (phys. men) .... 4.00 p.m. 

New Haven (phys. men) 4.48 

2.03 Bridgeport (sec. men) 

2.15 Bridgeport Association (sec. men) . . . 8.40 

5.40 Bridgeport (phys. men) 

Bridgeport Association (phys. men) . . . 8.40 
10.04 New York City 

Saturday, March 17 

9.30 a.m. Twenty-third Street Branch, New York City . 2.35 p.m. 

3.00 p.m. National Y. W. C. A. Training School . . 5.00 

Sunday, March 18 

11.00 a.m. Mount Morris Baptist Church — Dr. J. Herman 
Randall 

3.30 p.m. Association Sunday Meetings .... 6.00 p.m. 

Monday, March 19 

9.30 a.m. Bedford Branch, Brooklyn ..... 1.30 p.m. 

2.00 p.m. Brooklyn Central 7.30 

Tuesday, March 20 

9.00 a.m. Commercial High School, Brooklyn (phys. men) 10.30 a.m. 
9.30 Twenty-third Street Branch 

New York City and State Work (sec. men) . 11.00 

11.15 International Committee Building . . . 4.30 p.m. 

Wednesday, March 21 

9.30 a.m. West Side Branch, New York (sec. men) . . 2.30 p.m. 

3.00 p.m. Earl Hall, Columbia University (sec. men) . . 3.45 

4.00 Union Seminary (sec. men) .... 5.00 

9.00 a.m. Stuyvesant High School (phys. men) . . . 10.30 a.m. 

11.00 West Side Branch (phys. men) .... 2.30 p.m. 

3.00 p.m. Columbia University (phys. men) . . . 5.00 
6.30 Alumni Dinner, Brooklyn Central (phys. men) 



15 



Thursday, March 22 
Headquarters — Central Branch, 1421 Arch St., Philadelphia 



Leave for Philadelphia, Penn. Station . . . 9.00 a.m. 
11.00 a.m. Arrive Philadelphia 

11.30 Central Branch 4.00 p.m. 

4,30 Independence Hall 5.30 

Friday, March 23 

9.30 a.m. Univ. of Penn., Houston Hall .... 10.30 a.m. 

10.30 Univ. of Penn., Gymnasium (phys. men) . . 12.00 m. 

10.30 Univ. of Penn., Houston Hall (sec. men) . . 12.00 m. 

Leave for Washington, Penn. Station, West Phila. 1.24 p.m. 

4.40 p.m. Arrive Washington 

7.30 Congressional Library 9.30 

Saturday, March 24 

9.30 a.m. Central Branch 12.00 m. 

12.30 p.m. Railroad Association ...... 2.30 p.m. 

3.00 Capitol 



16 



Annual Tour, Junior Glass, March 19-23, Inclusive 

Headquarters, Providence, Central Y. M. C. A., Broad and Seekell Streets 
Headquarters, Boston, Hotel Oxford, 40 Huntington Avenue 



Monday, March 19 

Arrive Leave 

Springfield 9.10 a.m. 

10.29 a.m. Worcester — Leave bags at depot 

10.45 Worcester Y. M. C. A., R. L. Moore, Secretary; 

E. W. Wilder, Director .... 12.00 m. 

12.15 p.m. Clark Univ., Dinner and Addresses (phys. men) . 1.45 p.m. 
2.15 Worcester Acad., R. J. Delehanty, Director (sec. 

men) 2.15 

2.30 Boys' Club, Ionic Ave., W. C. Armstrong, Sec, 

Worcester Depot 4.10 

5.45 Providence, L. E. Hawkins, Sec, R. C. Cubbon, 

Director. 

6.30 Dinner — guests of Providence Association 

"Set up" of Providence work .... 9.30 

Tuesday, March 20 
8.30 a.m. Conferences, Providence Y. M. C. A. 

2.00 p.m. Narragansett Machine Company — Thornley Bros. 3.30 p.m. 

4.00 Brown University 6.00 

6.30 Dinner at Turks Head 9.30 

Guests of Narragansett Machine Company 

Physical men leave for Boston .... 10.05 
11.01 Back Bay 

Wednesday, March 21 

8.30 a.m. Conferences, Providence Y. M. C. A. (sec. men) . 3.00 p.m. 
3.30 p.m. Pawtucket Y. M. C. A. (sec. men) 

Leave for Boston (sec. men) .... 5.30 
6.40 Back Bay (sec. men) 

South Station, Boston (phys. men) . . . 7.33 a.m. 

9.00 a.m. Wellesley College (phys. men) .... 2.02 p.m. 

3.00 p.m. Boston Central Y. M. C. A. (phys. men) . . 5.30 

Thursday, March 22 

9.00 a.m. Rowe's Wharf 

10.00 Lynn Y. M. C. A., H. S. Smith, Sec. ; T. Rudkin, 

Director 1.30 p.m. 

2.30 p.m. Boston Central (sec. men) 6.00 



17 



3.00 


Brookline Municipal Baths (phys. men) 


5.30 


6.30 


Alumni Dinner 






Hnffl Rrnn swick Rovlston Strpft 

X X\J Lv. l X J i nil j vv iv. rv, l—> y y icivii uli v^i 






Tit- A/To orii 1 ^srv^Q LrPI - 
Ul. VJ. -tV. lVlclgUllC, OpCcUVCl 






Friday, March 23 




9.00 a.m. 


Sargent Normal School (phys. men) . 


12.00 m. 


9.00 


Y. M. C. A. State Office, 167 Tremont Street 






(sec. men) ....... 


10.15 a.m. 


10.45 


Sargent Normal School (sec. men) . 


12.00 m. 


12.30 p.m. 


Dinner Memorial Hall (entire class) . 


1.00 p.m. 


1.00 


Observation tour, Harvard Univ. (entire class) . 


2.45 


3.00 


Cambridge Association, 820 Massachusetts Ave. 






(entire class) ...... 


5.00 




End of official trip 





Saturday, March 24 
Optional observation trips 



Annual Tour, Freshman Class, March 19 

The Hartford Association is selected as being thoroughly representative 
of the up-to-date work. The secretarial and physical course men have met 
together with Hartford secretarial force for a consideration of Religious 
Work, Organization, Membership, Social and Educational Departments. 
The men in the two courses have separated for consideration of specialized 
departments and for observation. 



Students 



Graduate 



Buck, Harry Crow 


P 


Duncannon, Pa. 


Goss, George Edward, B. P. E. 


P 


Fall River, Mass. 


Senior Glass (1917) 


Anger, George W. 


S 


New York City 


Babcock, Harry Duffin 


P 


Dexter, N. Y. 


Barbour, Arthur Webb 


s 


Rockland, Me. 


Beach, Burns William 


p 


Ft. Atkinson, Wis. 


Beckwith, Charles Harold 


p 


Waterport, N. Y. 


Benatre, Ernest 


p 


Newark, N. J. 


**Bigler, Ivan Edwin 


p 


Bradford, 0. 


Bode, Frederick Adam 


p 


Youngstown, 0. 


Booth, Thornly Watson 


p 


Paterson, N. J. 


**Brown, Floyd Lucian, A. B. 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


♦Buck, Paul Ten Hagen 


c 


Lagrangeville, N. Y. 


Campbell, Robert Burns 


s 


Pawtucket, R. I. 


Cobb, Leigh E. 


c 


Audubon, N. J. 


Coles, Fred Stewart Grant 


s 


Brantford, Ont. 


Crissey, Charles Edward 


s 


Newark, N. J. 


Dahlgren, Charles Francis 


s 


East Orange, N. J. 


Damkroger, Ernest L. 


s 


Santa Cruz, Cal. 


Dresser, Henry Owen, B. S. 


p 


Manhattan, Kan. 


Ellis, Edgar Harold 


s 


Paterson, N. J. 


Esbjornson, Roland Algot 


p 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Evans, Duvall B., A. B. 


p 


Winchester, Va. 


Frayer, Harry Erwin 


p 


Hamilton, 0. 


Gerwig, Stacey Virgil 


p 


Bennett, W. Va. 


Graham, Paul Seabrook 


p 


Dayton, O. 


Greim, Willard Nicholas, M. Pd. 


p 


Warrensburg, Mo. 


Hammerstein, Clarence Philip 


s 


Evansville, Ind. 


Handley, Roy Crane 


c 


Camden, Me. 


Harvey, Leon Russell 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Hastings, Cecil 


s 


East London, South Africa 


Hill, Thomas Benjamin 


s 


Colombo, Ceylon 


Hinman, Strong 


p 


Wichita, Kan. 


Hitchcock, Paul Earl 


s 


Springfield, Mass. 


Hoogesteger, Harry 


p 


Grand Rapids, Mich. 


House, Howard Henry 


p 


Brookville, Kan. 


Jefferson, John William 


p 


Burton-upon-Trent, England 


Jenkins, Harold Willey 


p 


Lowell, Mass. 



19 



Jouannet, Francis Lionel P 

Kranz, Leon George P 

♦LaPoint, Wilfred John C 

Leary, Anson Thomas S 

Lenhardt, Frank Adolph P 

Leonard, Ralph Goldsborough S 

Libby, Lester Hobart, B. A. C 

Magee, John Henry P 

Middagh, Joseph Ephlin P 

Mitterling, Ralph, B. S. P 

Murphy, Patrick Joseph P 

Newell, John Robinson P 

Olson, Carl P 

Peters, Robert Horace, B. Pd. P 

Purdy, Kepler Herschel S 

Roake, John Darrow S 

Roberts, Herbert P 

Rowley, Kenneth Bishop P 

Rutherford, Harvey James C 

♦Scott, John Edmund C 

Sermon, Raymond Rollins P 

Smith, John Heaton P 

Stafford, George Thomas P 

Staley, Seward Charle P 

Sully, George, Jr. S 

Thorn, Earl Abbott P 

Tichenor, Ralph L. P 
Van Arsdale, Harold Wm. Shaw P 

Wade, Warren Corydon, B. S. P 

Whiting, William Henry P 

Wilson, Charles Christopher P 

Zielminski, Max George P 



Brookline, Mass. 
Coatesville, Pa. 
Greenfield, Mass. 
Irvington, N. J. 
Downingtown, Pa. 
North Adams, Mass. 
Gorham, Me. 
Hilton, N. Y. 
Corning, N. Y. 
Freeburg, Pa. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Paterson, N. J. 
Ashtabula, O. 
Warrensburg, Mo. 
Tarrytown, N. Y. 
Chester, N. J. 
Central Falls, R. t 
Leominister, Mass. 
Gouverneur, N. Y. 
Ft. Wayne, Ind. 
Independence, Mo. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Johnstown, N. Y. 
Germantown, Pa. 
Middletown, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Elizabeth, N. J. 
Wauwatosa, Wis. 
Springfield, Mass. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Birmingham, Ala. 



Sixty-eight Seniors. 



Junior Glass (1918) 



Ashmus, Louis Edward P 

Ball, Chester Spafford P 

Banister, Albert Leslie P 

Beier, Frank Julius P 

Benson, Herman Emanuel S 

Beverly, Ralph Gardner C 

Branin, Charles Edwin Clark P 

Bretschneider, Ernest Emil P 

Brown, George Alfred P 

Brown, Irvin Ellsworth P 

Bullen, Theodore Franklin P 



Youngstown, O. 
Boston, Mass. 
Bondsville, Mass. 
New Orleans, La. 
Worcester, Mass. 
Williamstown, Mass. 
Dayton, O. 
Portland, Me. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Salem, Mass. 
Great Neck, N. Y. 



Burns, Clifford Sheldon Fred 


20 

S 


Springfield, Mass. 


Callowhill, Harold Scott 


P 


Baltimore, Md. 


Canfield, Kenneth Beard 


s 


Somerville, Mass. 


Cate, Rex March 


p 


Ashmont, Mass. 


Challice, John Traies 


s 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Coffin, Elmer Carleton 


p 


Marblehead, Mass. 


Crapser, A. Lester 


p 


Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 


Davis, Charles Wesley 


p 


Chelsea, Mass. 


Dennis, James Adelbert 


p 


Rockford, 111. 


Drew, Harold Delbert, B. S. 


p 


Patten, Me. 


Erickson, John Edward 


s 


Middleboro, Mass. 


Folsom, Leon 


p 


Boise, Idaho 


Fox, Willard 


s 


Los Angeles, Cal. 


Frank, Raymond C. 


s 


Cumberland Mills, Me. 


Fretter, Lester Frank, A. B. 


p 


Cleveland, O. 


Fulton, Clifford Tate 


p 


Clearfield, Pa. 


Gardner, Greyson Curtis 


p 


Cottage Grove, Ind. 


Gayle, James 


C 


Portsmouth, Va. 


Graham, Charles Luther 


p 


Dayton, 0. 


Groesbeck, Charles Holmes 


s 


Dalton, Mass. 


Grumman, Russell Marvin 


s 


Tuxedo, N. Y. 


Gullickson, Otto Andrew 


p 


Enderlin, N. D. 


Habermann, Ray Edward 


p 


Florence, Wis. 


Hewett, Charles Gregory 


s 


Rockland, Me. 


Hirshson, George Warren 


p 


Somerville, Mass. 


Hodge, Melville Herbert 


p 


Fargo, N. D. 


Horton, Clifford Emory 


p 


Spokane, Wash. 


**Howe, William Augustus, 2d 


p 


Phelps, N. Y. 


Hughes, Robert Payton 


p 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Hurlburt, Clifford Sherman 


p 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


Jones, Vivian Maxwell 


p 


Birmingham, Ala. 


Judd, Leslie James 


p 


East Adelaide, South Australia 


Landis, John Franklin 


p 


Penn Station, Pa. 


Lanois, John Henry, A. B. 


p 


Worcester, Mass. 


**Larkin, John Tyer 


s 


Carthage, N. C. 


Leonard, Thomas Hawthorne 


c 


Newport, R. I. 


Lewis, John Calvin 


p 


Los Angeles, Cal. 


Link, Carl William 


s 


Hamilton, 0. 


Long, Robert Henry 


p 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Lyon, Harry Speidel 


p 


Bridgeport, Conn. 


MacDonald, Angus John 


p 


Cambridge, Mass. 


Marvill, Albert Henry 


p 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


Marvin, Charles Barnard 


p 


Jacksonville, Fla. 


Mclntyre, Donald Roy 


p 


Manchester, N. H. 


"* jT T 7~ • 1 A f~\ T"» A A 

McKnight, Orren Bassett 


p 


Wallingford, Conn. 


Miles, Nile Maynard 


s 


Grafton, Neb. 


Morgan, Dean C, A. B. 


p 


Hopkinton, la. 


Morgan, Elmer Ellsworth 


p 


Plymouth, Pa. 



21 



Morsell, Joseph Arimathsea 


S 


Baltimore, Md. 


Moyer, Henry Allen 


S 


Rochester, N. Y. 


Nickerson, Roy 


P 


South Jacksonville, Fla. 


Ott, Albert Carl 


P 


Worcester, Mass. 


Otto, Paul 


P 


Reading, Pa. 


Owl, Walter David 


c 


Cherokee, N. C. 


Parker, Wallace Cady 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Patrick, Herbert Lawrence 


s 


Reading, Mass. 


Peckham, R. Wallace, B. Sc. 


c 


Newport, R. I. 


Reid, James Cluhan 


s 


Sydney, N. S. 


Ruettgers, Carl 


s 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Samson, Paul Andrew 


s 


Revelstoke, B. C. 


Sharp, Mason White 


s 


Brattleboro, Vt. 


Singh, Joseph Nanju 


c 


Bombay, India 


Sinnett, John James 


s 


Boston, Mass. 


Snell, Chester De Forest 


c 


Canajoharie, N. Y. 


Stewart, Lewis J. 


s 


Ashtabula, O. 


Strong, Edward Winslow 


c 


Ayer, Mass. 


Taylor, George Herman 


p 


Waterbury, Conn. 


Tenison, Samuel Alfred, B. S. 


p 


Hillsboro, 111. 


Thompson, George Harold 


s 


Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 


Todd, Charles Davis 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Tompkins, Leslie James 


s 


Yonkers, N. Y. 


Veal, Ronald Tuttle 


s 


Michigan City, Ind. 


Whetstone, Robert Bruce 


p 


Philadelphia, Pa. 


**White, William Charles 


p 


Jacksonville, Fla. 


Williams, George Edmund 


p 


Belchertown, Mass. 


Williams, Walter Seavy 


p 


Marblehead, Mass. 


Wiseman, Oliver Grogen 


s 


Newburgh, N. Y. 


Eighty-eight Juniors. 


Freshman Glass (1919) 


(Dipl< 


3 ma 


course) 


Bailey, Kenneth Nott 


S 


Omaha, Neb. 


Brown, Walter Birdsall 


P 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Burhans, Barent 


s 


Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 


Harmon, Guy Hendrick 


p 


Bennington, Vt. 


Hillebrandt, Herman H. N. 


p 


New York City 


Hinds, Frank Nelson 


p 


Northampton, Mass. 


Hirst, Arthur 


p 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


Jones, Thomas Frederick 


s 


Mexico, N. Y. 


Kerr, George Harry 


c 


Lynn, Mass. 


Markley, Charles Arthur 


p 


Newark, N. J. 


Quinlan, Percy Hall 


p 


Needham Heights, Mass. 


Rouse, Hallock 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


**Weber, Frederick 


p 


Alliance, O. 



22 



Freshman Glass (1920) 



Abbott, Harry Vanaman 

Adams, Harold Gillet 

Arms, Harlan Sherman 
Atkinson, Ralph Cosby 
Brown, Robert 
Bryant, Carroll Lee 
Clarke, Robert Carter 
Cohlmeyer, Julius Carl 
Cooper, Robert Ulsh 
Cotta, Ralph Leslie 
Cowell, Charles Clarence 
Currier, Carl Milton 
Currul, Russell Ashmun 
De Gast, Mars 

De Lamater, Dorrance Dudley 
Dickson, Henry Lawrence 
Elbel, Edwin Robert 
Emery, Ivan Lester 
Estaver, George Wrenn 
Fisher, Edward Michael 
Flint, Harold Spaulding 
Furbish, Willard Hart, Jr. 
Goodrich, Charles Lyman 
Hallett, Walter Sears 
Harriman, Paul Leonard 
**Harris, Arthur 
Hersey, Edward 
Hobart, Frank Donald 
Jeffrey, Arthur Guthrie 
**Klingensmith, Glenn Howard 
Kontner, Everett Reeves 
Leonard, Clinton Snow 
Machon, Robert Benjamin 
Mansfield, Norman John 
Mattocks, David Daniel 
Moore, Clifton Robert 
Morrison, Daniel Kenneth 
Mosher, Henry Allen 
Niday, Everett Floyd 
Parker, Richard Wilbur 
**Parsons, Ralph Upham 
Peabody, Allen Stone 
Peck, Vivian Nathaniel 
Purvere, Lester Hosmer 



P Chester, Pa. 

p j Hanyang, China 

( Newton Center, Mass. 

P Conway, Mass. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

P Manchester, N. H. 

P Morristown, N. J. 

P Kansas City, Mo. 

P Jersey Shore, Pa. 

P Rockford, 111. 

P Racine, Wis. 

S Lawrence, Mass. 

S Winthrop, Mass. 

P Paterson, N. J. 

P Ft. William, Ont. 

P Jamestown, N. Y. 

P South Bend, Ind. 

P West Chester, Pa. 

P Worcester, Mass. 

P Reading, Pa. 

P Claremont, N. H. 

P Winchester, Mass. 

P Taunton, Mass. 

P Hyannis, Mass. 

S East Craftsbury, Vt. 

C Camp McDowell, Ariz. 

P Providence, R. I. 

P North Amherst, Mass. 

S New York City 

S Ashtabula, O. 

P Nelsonville, O. 

S East Taunton, Mass. 

P East Providence, R. I. 

P Springfield, Mass. 

S Philadelphia, Pa. 

S Taunton, Mass. 

C Newport, R. I. 

P Worcester, Mass. 

P Corydon, la. 

S North Attleboro, Mass. 

P Waterbury, Conn. 

P Bradford, Mass. 

P Baltimore, Md. 

P East Providence, R. I. 



23 



Reiff, Carl Joseph 


S 


Hamilton, 0. 


Rogerson, John Thomas 


P 


Bayport, N. Y. 


Schilling, Arthur Bertram 


S 


Buenos Aires, Argentina, S. A. 


Sharp, Nelson Joseph 


P 


Hartford, Conn. 


Smith, Robert Henry, Jr. 


s 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Snedeker, Charles Teale 


p 


White Plains, N. Y. 


Snow, Murray Dean 


p 


Revere, Mass. 


Spencer, Wesley G. 


p 


Andover, Mass. 


Tandy, Burton Starr 


s 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Thayer, Clarence Putnam 


p 


Brockton, Mass. 


Trappe, J. Salter 


p 


Merchantville, N. J. 


Van Wagner, Floyd Marcellus 


p 


Hyde Park, N. Y. 


Whalen, T. J. 


p 


Mittineague, Mass. 


White, Everett Elliott 


c 


West Peabody, Mass. 


Ybargoyen, Samuel Gerardo 


p 


Montevideo, Uruguay 


Seventy-two Freshmen. 


Preparatory Glass (1920) 


(Diploma course) 


Montague, Kirk Godbey 


p 


Portland, Ore. 


♦♦Mountain, James Frederick 


s 


Hamilton, Ont. 


Rhodes, Walter Dewey 


p 


Paducah, Ky. 


Schrack, John 


p 


Reading, Pa. 


Wilber, Raymond Tynan 


s 


Hyde Park, Mass. 


Preparatory Glass (1921) 


Anderson, Harry 


s 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Brining, Theodore Raymond 


s 


Binghamton, N. Y. 


Browne, Joseph Kelly 


s 


Akron, O. 


Conklin, Robert Josiah 


s 


Montclair, N. J. 


Ebel, John Andrew, Jr. 


s 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Edwards, Charles Harry 


p 


Waterbury, Conn. 


Elwell, Oscar Lucius 


c 


Bennington, Vt. 


Hyde, Herman Selden 


p 


Deerfield, Mass. 


Johnson, Victor Theodore 


p 


Worcester, Mass. 


Kalloch, Samuel Joseph 


p 


Holyoke, Mass. 


Kennard, Fred Holmes 


p 


Rochester, N. Y. 


**MaLette, Harry Lathaniel 


p 


Indianapolis, Ind. 


Packard, Wilbur Herbert 


p 


Springfield, Mass. 


Peters, Raymond W. 


p 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 


Pollock, Kenneth 


p 


North Andover, Mass. 


Posson, Donald Gallup 


p 


Fort Kent, Me. 


♦♦Sanderson, Adolph Louis 


s 


Omaha, Neb. 



24 



Wang, Shih Ching 
Wang, Wen Lin 
Young, Earl 



P Peking, China 

P Peking, China 

P Plymouth, Pa. 

enty-five Preparatory. 



Graduate Work 2 

Seniors 68 

Juniors 88 

Freshmen 72 

Preparatory 25 

Total 255 



S Secretarial. 

P Physical. 

C County. 

* Attending Massachusetts Agricultural College, 1916-17. 

** Partial Course. 



Object 



The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
is the oldest professional school for training officers for service 
in the Young Men's Christian Association. Its primary object is 
to train officers for the Association. It was created and has been 
carried on by representatives of this organization. Only students 
with the ideals of the Association and who desire to devote their 
lives to service among boys and young men are admitted. It has 
been found that Christian young men who have the qualifications 
for success in the Young Men's Christian Association are also in 
demand for service in other organizations of a similar character. 
Christian young men desiring to fit for similar service under other 
auspices are also admitted. The courses of study are as follows : 

I. General Course 

The general course fits all students for leadership in religious 
and social work. It aims to give the highest intellectual culture 
and a religious education in harmony with the results of modern 
science and biblical scholarship. This course embraces studies 
which underlie the work of an Association officer. Based upon 
the general course, which is taken by all students, are the techni- 
cal courses which give a training for the particular department of 
service which the student expects to enter after graduation. 

II. Technical Courses 

1. Secretarial Course. This course prepares men for the 
various forms of secretarial administration. It trains men to 
become general secretaries, educational directors, railroad secre- 
taries and heads of departments. It is also adapted to prepare 
men for institutional work in churches, social settlements and 
kindred organizations. Religious work directors for Young 
Men's Christian Associations or churches will find this course 
of great value. 

2. Physical Course. This course prepares Christian young 
men for work in physical education as physical directors in the 
Young Men's Christian Association, in schools and colleges and 
in similar institutions. In recent years many openings have come 



26 



for physical directors in connection with the playground move- 
ment. 

3. County Work Course. The object of this course is to 
prepare students for leadership in religious, social and physical 
work among boys and young men in the country as county work 
secretaries. This course covers four years, three years being 
taken at Springfield and one year at the Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural College at Amherst. 

4. Boys' Work Course. The object of this course is to train 
men for leadership in work among boys. When the College was 
founded in 1885 there were 400 employed officers in the Young 
Men's Christian Association. There are now as many secretaries 
giving their entire time to work among boys and a large number 
of men occupying similar positions in boys' clubs, social settle- 
ments and kindred organizations. 

It is the purpose of the trustees of the College to provide 
an institution where a carefully selected body of experts shall 
devote their whole time to the training, developing and guid- 
ing of the students. In accordance with this policy a group 
of specialists, who are devoted to the cause for which this insti- 
tution stands, have worked out a curriculum of study and a plan 
of social activity and normal work, which are admirably adapted 
to train men for dealing with boys and young men. The faculty 
consists of seventeen members who have had experience in Asso- 
ciation work and who are university trained men. Five are 
graduates of theological seminaries, two of medical colleges and 
six have had university study in Europe. This College aims to 
prepare its students to build Christian manhood in adolescent 
boys and young men in a large and virile way. The technical 
and normal training receives the most painstaking attention, but 
the College has never lost sight of its primary purpose of placing 
the study of principles above methods. Its great work is pre- 
paring men for religious leadership and social service. 

The leadership of the College in physical training and in work 
among boys, and its contributions to Association literature and 
methods, have given it a prominent place. 

The College also brings to the students the leading experts in 
various phases of Association endeavor, who give courses of 
lectures and instruction on the most up-to-date developments in 
work among young men. 



27 



The courses of study at the College give a large place to normal 
practice and careful observation of work in actual operation. 
Abundant opportunities are afforded through the religious and 
educational activities of Springfield to share in practical work. 
Physical training has reached a high stage of development in this 
region, and through gymnasiums, athletic leagues, boys' clubs 
and other channels, students are given ample opportunity for 
experience and practice. This normal practice is carefully graded 
and is under the supervision of three members of the faculty. 
The same standards are required in this work as in the classroom. 

One of the most important parts of a student's education is 
fellowship and contact with other students who are to enter the 
same profession. The daily association of 260 young men prepar- 
ing for the same life callings, who have been gathered from all 
over the world, is in itself an educational factor of great value. 

In recent years the equipment of the College has been practically 
doubled. Pratt athletic field, the new gymnasium, the heating 
plant, the McCurdy natatorium and the library building have 
followed in quick succession and add greatly to the educational 
advantages of the College. 

Much of the original investigation done by the students appears 
in its publication, The Association Seminar. The College has 
always recognized its obligations to further the interests of the 
Young Men's Christian Association by an original study of the 
problems presented by work among young men and boys. This 
is a rich field for research and investigation. 

Most of the courses in the curriculum have been in large part 
produced by the instructor or modified in order to adapt them to 
its particular purpose. 

Historical Sketch 

The rapid extension of the Association movement between 
1870 and 1885, the erection of large buildings and the marked 
increase in the size of individual Associations created a demand 
for trained men as officers. Later has come the widening of the 
field for social, religious and physical education. 

It was in response to such appeals that this institution was 
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 
January, 1885, under the name of the School for Christian 
Workers. Mr. Jacob T. Bowne, who had become one of the 



28 



secretaries of the International Committee, was called to take 
charge of the secretarial department. This was the pioneer 
attempt to train secretaries for the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation in a professional school, all previous efforts having been 
made either in summer schools or training centers. Many of 
the leaders in the secretaryship throughout the world are gradu- 
ates of the Springfield College. In 1886 the department for 
physical training was established under the direction of Dr. 
Luther Halsey Gulick. This course has prepared a large pro- 
portion of the physical directors now in Association work, and 
many of the leaders in other forms of physical education. In 
1890, as a result of a demand from the Associations, the Asso- 
ciation department was separately incorporated as the Interna- 
tional Young Men's Christian Association Training School. The 
following year a desirable property, consisting of thirty acres 
of ground bordering on Massasoit Lake, was purchased. After 
determined effort, under the leadership of Mr. Oliver C. Morse, 
corresponding secretary of the Training School, funds were 
secured for a model gymnasium building, which was completed 
in 1894. An athletic field was equipped for sports the same year. 
The pressing need of a dormitory and recitation hall was met by 
the erection in 1896 of the present attractive headquarters of the 
institution. In the spring of 1901, through the efforts of the 
students, the Washington Gladden boathouse was erected at a 
cost of $2,500. In the summer of 1904, through the generosity 
of Mrs. Eleanor S. Woods of Springfield, a most attractive social 
building, containing a dining hall, parlor and additional dormitory 
facilities, was erected and equipped at a cost of $20,000. 

In view of the increase in the number of students and as a 
fitting recognition of the twenty-fifth anniversary, which occurred 
in 1910, an effort was undertaken by the trustees to greatly 
extend the equipment of the College and thus enable it to do 
an enlarged and more specialized work. This plan involved a 
new library building, an additional gymnasium, a new athletic 
field, a heating plant, a dormitory and a large addition to the 
endowment. Marked progress has been made in carrying out 
these plans for a larger work. Through the generosity of Mr. 
Herbert L. Pratt, the new athletic field was completed in the fall 
of 1910. The new gymnasium and the remodeling of the old 
gymnasium have provided a splendid equipment for the physical 



29 



department. The heating and lighting plant adds much to the 
comfort and efficiency of the work of the College. Mr. Herbert 
L. Pratt has further contributed to the cause of physical education 
by providing the McCurdy natatorium, which was opened for use 
in May, 1913, at a cost of $25,000. In October, 1913, the new 
library building was dedicated by Honorable William Howard 
Taft. This is a fireproof building of the most modern appoint- 
ments, erected at a cost of $80,000. These grounds and buildings, 
with the advantages of Massasoit Lake, make an ideal equipment, 
while the proximity of 300,000 people within ten miles of the 
College campus furnishes admirable opportunity for leadership 
in altruistic endeavor. 

With this external development there has been an even more 
important internal educational evolution. A carefully shaped 
curriculum of study and a competent faculty of specialists are 
the result. 

Since its inception, this institution has stood for the study of 
humanics. Following the ideals of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, it has recognized the threefold nature of man — body, 
mind and spirit. This conception furnishes a philosophy for the 
curriculum and is a guiding principle which gives unity and sym- 
metry to the work. 

The College has stood for a high type of manliness in athletics. 
It has been an earnest advocate of clean sport and gentlemanliness 
on the athletic field and on the gymnasium floor. 

Social Service and Religious Education 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
is a modern institution which has arisen in response to present- 
day needs. It has grown out of the changed conditions in city 
and industrial life and the new conception of Christian work. 

1. Religious Education. A religious education based on the 
study of human needs and the religious heritage of the race, in 
touch with modern thought and adapted to the conditions of the 
present day, is one of the important opportunities afforded by the 
College at Springfield. A religious education must have at 
least three elements — a study of the Bible, a study of the devel- 
opment of Christian thought and history, and of the social, eco- 
nomic, moral and religious needs of our time. These courses are 
fundamental to all institutional workers whether in the secretary- 



30 

ship or the physical directorship, in social settlements or in boys' 
clubs. Just as the Young Men's Christian Association has placed 
its welfare and institutional work on a religious basis, so the 
College relates its technical and social courses to religious edu- 
cation. 

2. Social Service. The College aims to fit all of its stu- 
dents for social service as a natural result of a religious educa- 
tion. The industrial environment of today demands Christian 
men who understand the civilization in which they live and the 
needs of men around them. Through courses in economics, 
sociology, municipal sociology, community and personal hygiene, 
ethics and methods of work among young men and boys, the 
College offers most attractive courses of study for institutional 
workers. 

These courses in social service and religious education are fun- 
damental to the various phases of work for the religious and 
social betterment of men and boys as carried on at the present day. 

Degrees 

The College possesses a charter from the Massachusetts Legis- 
lature granting the right to furnish degrees. 

The degree prescribed for the secretarial course, the county 
work course and the boys' work course is Bachelor of Humanics 
(B.H.). This is in recognition of the student's having completed 
a thorough study of man — spiritually, intellectually, socially and 
physically. 

The degree prescribed for the physical course is Bachelor of 
Physical Education (B.P.E.), in recognition of the student's 
having completed a thorough course in physical education. 

For graduate work are given the degrees of Master of Human- 
ics (M.H.) and Master of Physical Education (M.P.E.). 

By vote of the trustees in April, 1915, it was provided that 
students entering with the college year, beginning September, 
1916, will be expected to cover four years' work for a bachelor's 
degree. 

College Graduates 

The course for college graduates covers two years. Credit 
will be given for satisfactory work done in other institutions. 

The impression has prevailed among some that a college edu- 
cation without professional training is adequate for success in the 



31 

general secretaryship or the physical directorship. This is not 
justified by experience. 

The value of professional training for Association leaders 
was clearly expressed by the Employed Officers of the North 
American Associations at their conference held in Columbus, 
Ohio, June, 1911. A special commission reported as follows : 

"It is evident that, so far as length of service is concerned, the 
men recruited through the Training Schools have a distinct advan- 
tage, and that college graduates recruited through the Training 
Schools, although as yet comparatively few, are the most perma- 
nent recruits we receive, their likelihood of permanency being 
more than doubled by the Training School course. The losses 
from the ranks of both college graduates and men out of practical 
life are appalling. Only about one in four of college graduates 
and one in five men from practical life, entering without special 
professional training, prove to be permanent." 

Graduates of the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College serve more than twice as long in the Young Men's 
Christian Association as college graduates without this prepara- 
tion. 

Physical training offers to the college graduate the advantages 
of a comparatively new profession. The increase in the number 
of positions in Associations, preparatory schools and colleges 
during the last fifteen years has been very great. There is also 
increasing demand for physical directors in the city schools. The 
Associations, schools and colleges are searching for men of moral 
earnestness and Christian character who have the necessary 
technical knowledge and executive ability. The present demand 
far exceeds the supply. 

The need of technical training for physical directors is clearly 
shown by the fact that only nineteen per cent of the non-trained 
men, or those who enter through an apprenticeship, succeed. 
Of the college graduates who have entered the physical director- 
ship without technical preparation, twenty-three per cent have 
served five years or more, while eighty-six per cent of the grad- 
uates of the College at Springfield have rendered five or more 
years of service in their chosen calling. 

Under-classmen of other institutions are invited to correspond 
regarding the selection of courses of study while they are pre- 
paring to come to Springfield. 



32 



The commission on recruiting and training of employed officers, 
meeting at Atlantic City, April, 1916, made the following report: 

"The Association colleges are the standard agencies of prepara- 
tion for the Association vocation. Summer schools are primarily 
for continuation study and secondarily for introductory and 
preparatory study. The training centers are intended to provide 
instruction and coaching in selected local Associations for the 
preparatory and supplementary training of the local staff." 

The last International Convention held at Cleveland in May, 
1916, adopted the following resolution: 

Recommendation Nine : "The most efficient type of vocational 
training as a rule is possible only in the Association College, and 
emphasis should be placed upon this training as most desirable." 

Buildings and Grounds 

The College has been provided with a property admirably 
adapted to its purpose, located on the shores of Massasoit Lake. 
The campus and athletic grounds consist of forty acres of land, 
within fifteen minutes' ride of the center of the city. In addition 
to this, on the opposite side of the lake, the College possesses 
Gerrish Grove, a tract of twenty-five acres. 

ADMINISTRATION BUILDING 

The administration building is an attractive four-story brick 
structure, overlooking the lake. The first floor contains the lec- 
ture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room," post office 
and business offices. 

The three upper floors contain two classrooms and sleeping 
rooms for one hundred students. Each floor is provided with 
lavatories and baths. In the basement there is provision for a 
chemical laboratory and storerooms. 

LIBRARY 

The new library building, a fireproof structure with the most 
up-to-date library equipment, occupies the southern side of a 
quadrangle which is the center of the College campus. This 
building is particularly designed for the students of a technical 
school. 

The new building furnishes ample opportunity for study and 
research, having study tables for sixty. Special seminar rooms 



33 



are provided with forty-eight private desks so that theses and 
original studies can be followed consecutively. 

The library has become one of the most important features of 
the life of the College. No other department of the institution 
has increased more rapidly during recent years. As a whole 
it contains 13,003 bound volumes and some 26,000 pamphlets and 
magazines bearing upon the subjects taught in the institution. 
These include a valuable historical collection of Young Men's 
Christian Association publications in nineteen languages and dia- 
lects and covering the work of more than seventy years ; also 
'The Gulick Collection of Physical Training," one of the most 
complete collections of works on this subject, covering upwards 
of two hundred years and in six languages. Additions are being 
made continually to all these sections. 

The reference library is open from 7.30 a.m. to 10.30 p.m., 
loans from 9 a.m. to 10.30 p.m. The reading room has on file 
ten dailies, fifteen weeklies and eighty monthlies. 

The general library is supported by income from "The Mary R. 
Searle Memorial Fund," and from current gifts of alumni, stu- 
dents and friends. 

The Springfield Public Library of 220,000 volumes, one of the 
great circulating libraries of the country, is at the service of the 
students without expense. 

GYMNASIUMS 

The east and west gymnasiums have the most approved equip- 
ment to date. 

Heating and Ventilating 

The heating is a combination of the direct and the indirect 
methods. Direct radiation is furnished sufficient to bring the 
temperature of the gymnasium to 50 °F. Coils in the fan room 
supply enough additional heat to bring all rooms up to 70 °F. 
This fresh warm air is thoroughly distributed to all parts of the 
gymnasium by a plenum fan. The foul air is drawn out from 
widely different parts by an exhaust fan. It is possible by open- 
ing a door between the fan rooms to circulate the air in the build- 
ing without the admission of cold air. When the building is used 
at nearly its maximum capacity it is possible to introduce 100 
cubic feet of fresh air per minute per individual for those who 



34 



are exercising. All air admitted, aside from leakage into the 
rooms through wall, window and door crevices, is washed and 
humidified. This is the first time the well-recognized laws re- 
garding ventilation and humidification have been applied to gym- 
nasium requirements. The relative moisture content may be 
raised from the ordinary dry condition of twenty per cent to 
between forty and sixty per cent. The foul dry air ordinarily 
found in gymnasiums greatly lessens the value of the exercise. 
In addition to the plenum and exhaust fans a special fan draws 
directly the sweaty air from the gymnasium clothing in the lock- 
ers and from the toilets. Another fan draws the damp air directly 
from the natatorium, forcing it outdoors. 

Light 

Both gymnasiums have light entering from all four sides. The 
west gymnasium has in addition a skylight in the roof. Artificial 
light is abundantly furnished by Tungsten lamps. 

Baths and Toilets 

Four bathrooms are equipped with sixteen shower baths and 
ten toilets. The water is heated automatically and is abundant. 
The most approved mixing valve is used on the showers. 

Locker Rooms 

Five locker rooms are equipped with the Narragansett Machine 
Company's sanitary lockers. The lavatories are of the most 
modern type. 

The East Gymnasium 

This building, erected in 1894, the gift of Col. Charles A. Hop- 
kins, Mr. Preston B. Keith, Mr. Benjamin Thaw and Mr. Row- 
land Hazard, has been entirely remodeled in its heating, venti- 
lating, lighting, locker and bathing features. It is thoroughly 
equipped with dumb-bells, wands, Indian clubs, stall bars and 
heavy apparatus. The size of the gymnasium floor is 48 by 74 
feet. This building contains two offices on the first floor, and 
three rooms on the second floor equipped with up-to-date appa- 
ratus for use in medical gymnastics. On the third floor are the 
three rooms used for a diet kitchen laboratory and for storeroom 
purposes. 



35 



The West Gymnasium 

This building, erected in 1911, is a model gymnasium. It con- 
tains in the basement, rooms for boxing, wrestling, fencing, a 
locker room used for extension courses, a lecture room for class 
teaching of physical education theory and a storeroom. On the 
first floor is the gymnasium, 57 by 97 feet. On the second floor 
is a running track constructed with a visitors' gallery next the 
railing. 

McCurdy Natatorium 

Between the two gymnasiums, there was completed in the 
spring of 1913 the McCurdy natatorium, the gift of Mr. Herbert 
L. Pratt of New York City. The room is 42 by 84 feet and is 
thoroughly ventilated by plenum and exhaust systems. The 
plunge is 24 by 60 feet, with water depth of from 4 to 8 feet. 
Walls and floor of both room and plunge are finished in white 
tile and the ample skylight renders the entire room cheerful and 
healthful. 

Tower 

The basement has on the north side the fan room and on the 
south side the massage, hot room, lavatory and toilet. The first 
floor contains five offices for administration purposes. On the 
second floor are located the physiological laboratory with tables 
for thirty-four men and a lecture room seating comfortably 
seventy-five men. 

WOODS HALL 

The College, following the ideal of the Young Men's Christian 
Association, seeks to train its students spiritually, intellectually, 
socially and physically. For some years one of the friends of 
the institution in Springfield, Mrs. Eleanor S. Woods, had ob- 
served the need of greater social opportunities for the students. 
As a result of this conviction, she erected on the campus a social 
building, which has become a center of student life. The central 
feature of Woods Hall is a dining-room attractively equipped, 
with accommodations for one hundred and seventy-five guests. 
The social parlor, with its piano and cozy corners, makes a home- 
like place for the students. The second floor is given over to 
dormitory rooms. Many of the social occasions of the year are 
held in this building. 



3o 



PLAYING FIELDS 

Pratt Field 

This field, the gift in 1910 of Mr. Herbert L. Pratt, was said by 
James E. Sullivan, organizer of the Amateur Athletic Union, and 
other experts to be the best field in the United States. It contains 
a quarter-mile track, 220-yard straightaway twenty-four feet 
wide, eleven runways and pits for jumping and vaulting, seven 
tennis courts, a football field and a baseball diamond. A rein- 
forced concrete fence eight feet high surrounds the field. The 
entrances, designed by E. L. Tilton of New York in accordance 
with suggestions made by Mr. Pratt, are among the items of 
interest shown Springfield visitors. A bronze tablet is placed at 
the main entrance with this inscription : 

The Pratt Athletic Field 
Presented by 
Mr. Herbert L. Pratt 
of New York 

1910 
Dedicated to 
Clean Sport and All-Round Manhood 

East and West Fields 

These fields were leveled and equipped in 1910. Each has a 
football gridiron and a baseball diamond. These fields were made 
possible by the combined generosity of Mr. Pratt, Fred T. Ley 
& Co., and the students. Fred T. Ley & Co. constructed all 
three fields at cost. The students put about $1,000 worth of work 
into leveling and grading. 

THE CAMPUS 

The institution has a beautiful campus of nineteen acres on the 
south side of Alden Street, upon which are located the College 
buildings. At present the west side of the College campus is avail- 
able for athletic games. The field is adequate for baseball, foot- 
ball and the tennis courts. The south end has been equipped by 
the city as a playground. The first playground in the city was 
organized on these grounds by Henry S. Lee in 1899. These 
fields are all planned in an ideal manner with reference to the 
avoidance of direct sunlight in the eyes of the players. 



37 



THE WASHINGTON GLADDEN BOATHOUSE 

Through the efforts of the students and the generous gift of 
Mr. Frank Beebe of Springfield, a boathouse was erected in the 
fall of 1901, on the borders of Massasoit Lake. Massasoit Lake, 
which is two miles in length, furnishes an admirable opportunity 
for training in aquatics. A canoe carnival, probably the finest 
held in New England, is one of the picturesque events of Com- 
mencement week. 

GERRISH GROVE 

By a gift of the late Jacob Gerrish of Springfield, the College 
is enabled to preserve to a large extent the beauty of the shores of 
Massasoit Lake. Mr. Gerrish before his death deeded to the 
College about twenty-five acres of land on the shores of Massa- 
soit Lake, opposite the College grounds. This gift, which is 
known as the Gerrish Grove, is a tract of land bordering on the 
lake for 2,300 feet. It is covered with beautiful white pines 
and deciduous trees, is easy to reach by boat from the College 
boathouse, and adds greatly to the beauty and value of the Col- 
lege property. It is useful for camping and athletic purposes. 

LABORATORIES 

The College possesses three laboratories : The oldest, a labora- 
tory for the study of physiological physics and chemistry, gives 
special attention to the study of the mechanics of the body and 
chemistry of digestion. Considerable equipment has been added 
to this laboratory recently, thus providing for a larger number 
of students and more extended experimental work. 

The physiological laboratory, for the study of physiology of 
exercise, is equipped with ergographs, sphygmographs, sphyg- 
momanometers, pneumographs, etc. Progress has been made in 
the study of blood pressure and the effects of fatigue. 

The equipment in the histological laboratory was the gift of Mr. 
F. M. Kirby, and is known as the F. M. Kirby Histological 
Laboratory. Additional gifts from year to year have increased 
its facilities. This laboratory is supplied with microscopes for 
the study of physiological structure and a microprojection appa- 
ratus which enables the entire class to do work in common. The 
biology classes also use this laboratory. 



38 

SCIENCE MUSEUM 

It is the aim of the College to collect a carefully arranged 
science museum which shall have two purposes : First, to show 
human evolution, indicating the place of man in the world. Sec- 
ond, a natural history collection which will be of use in training 
workers among boys and to interest boys in the natural phenom- 
ena of the everyday world. Already a beginning has been made 
in these two collections and a sufficient amount of material has 
been secured to illustrate the subjects desired. 

Institutes 

One of the valuable forms of training at the College of a 
practical character is the conduct from time to time of institutes 
by men engaged in Association service. The plan involves con- 
ducting at least one institute each term on some important phase 
of work for young men and boys. By this method, during a 
student's four years' course of study he is brought into close 
contact with inspiring and virile leaders and in touch with fresh 
methods of Association work. During these institutes arrange- 
ments are made so that the student can have personal interviews 
with the visiting speakers. 

Another unique feature characteristic of the Springfield Col- 
lege is the tours of visitation to neighboring Associations. 

Ever since 1898, the seniors have made a trip for visiting the 
Young Men's Christian Associations, the various physical educa- 
tion institutions and the social settlements and boys' clubs of New 
Haven, Bridgeport, Greater New York, Philadelphia and Wash- 
ington. These trips are carefully arranged and give opportunity 
for a comparative study of methods of work for young men. In 
recent years the junior class has made a similar study of the 
social and religious work for boys and young men in Boston and 
vicinity. The past year the freshmen paid a visit to Hartford, 
Conn., spending one day giving a detailed study to the administra- 
tion of the Young Men's Christian Association of that city. Stu- 
dents in the county work course make carefully arranged visits 
to neighboring county work Associations. By these institutes 
and tours a student at the College during his course of study be- 
comes familiar with the altruistic work for the young men and 
boys of the whole Atlantic seaboard. 



39 



Normal Practice 

The College is located in the Connecticut Valley in one of the 
most beautiful American cities, in close touch with some of the 
leading educational institutions of the East. 

In no part of the world are there so many highly developed 
Young Men's Christian Associations as in the eastern section of 
the United States. The proximity of New York City with its 
varied work for young men, international, state and local, fur- 
nishes an opportunity to see all forms of Association activity in 
operation. The annual tour by the junior and senior classes, and 
the frequent visits of Association leaders, bring the student 
into vital touch with the most aggressive phases of the Association 
movement. Association gatherings are frequently held at the 
College and opportunities occur each year for attending conven- 
tions. The churches of Springfield gladly welcome the services 
of the students in Bible teaching and in various forms of Christian 
work. The summer conferences at Northfield are within easy 
reach. 

The College is carrying on a more extensive religious work 
than is done by many a large Association. The past year 150 
students have been engaged in teaching Bible classes, classes in 
mission study, religious history, life problems, personal hygiene, 
etc. The glee club, under the direction of Professor Hyde, has 
prepared itself to render sacred music and take charge of Sunday 
evening services in churches during the winter. 

Students in the county work course have unusual opportuni- 
ties for normal practice. The Hampden County Improvement 
League is a new and virile organization for rural betterment. 
This League has a program affecting the life of the entire county 
— economic, social, intellectual, religious and physical. The offi- 
cers of this organization gladly furnish opportunities for students 
of the College to engage in religious betterment. These oppor- 
tunities are particularly desirable for men wishing to enter the 
county work of the Young Men's Christian Association. 

The Boy Scout movement furnishes many opportunities for 
social service. Students from the College are called on to serve 
as leaders and also to give instruction in first aid and hygiene. 
Several patrols of scouts under the direction of students meet 
in the west gymnasium. 



40 



The Sunday School Athletic League of Springfield, enrolling 
over 500 boys, is almost entirely under the direction of students. 

This work and much of the normal work among boys is carried 
on in the evening in the gymnasiums, so that some 800 boys 
come to the College weekly and are under the leadership of its 
students. Students also have charge of the athletic teams repre- 
senting the different grammar schools of the city. The park 
department of Springfield, in connection with the board of educa- 
tion, has employed Mr. A. E. Metzdorf as supervisor of public 
recreation. Through Mr. Metzdorf's efforts recreation centers 
have been organized in a number of public school buildings and 
school athletic games have been extensively promoted. These 
recreation centers and athletic meets are almost entirely under the 
direction of the students of the College. At one of these meets 
3,000 grammar school boys participated and over 30,000 people 
were in attendance. 

Athletic clubs in connection with several of the churches also 
employ students as directors. These various activities afford 
excellent opportunities for the development of executive leader- 
ship in the students thus engaged, as well as giving them practice 
in coaching and officiating. 

This work is not confined to the city of Springfield. Every 
year requests come from athletic organizations of surrounding 
cities for coaches, officials and gymnastic teachers. The normal 
work has grown very rapidly during recent years. Forty coaches 
and officials were furnished for Rugby football the past season 
and an equal number for Association football, basket ball, base- 
ball and track. 

One of the most attractive opportunities for normal practice is 
in connection with the Springfield high schools, which enrol over 
1,000 boys between the ages of fifteen and nineteen. 

The Springfield boys' club for street boys is another opportu- 
nity. This club is under the direction of one of the graduates 
of the College. It occupies an attractive new building erected at 
a cost of $60,000. The money for this building was secured in 
a short-term campaign in which many of the students took part. 
Some 300 physical examinations have been given during the year 
by students of the College. 

The playground associations of Springfield and other cities 
employ a considerable number of students during the summer. 



41 



The curriculum offers courses to all students who wish to prepare 
for playground work. The playgrounds throughout the country 
furnish an admirable opportunity for students to get experience 
during vacations and also to earn money for their college ex- 
penses. The past summer some sixty-five students were thus 
employed. 

The Student Young Men's Christian Association at the College, 
through its various committees, carries on a large variety of 
activities — spiritual, social, intellectual and physical. This is an 
unusual organization, in many respects like a city Association. 
It is one of the few student Associations which carry on an all- 
round work. The budget last year of this Association, including 
current expenses, the dining hall, athletic games and the student 
store, amounted to $40,000. The student Association is entirely 
administered by the students of the College. One of the advances 
of the past year was the securing of a general secretary to give 
his whole time to this organization. There are eighteen depart- 
ments, each one of which is in charge of a committee. Among 
the features carried on by the student Association are an employ- 
ment bureau and a monthly magazine. All of these activities 
furnish opportunity for training in executive work. 

The dramatic club affords opportunities for training in dramatic 
expression which is carried on under the leadership of competent 
teachers. 

The International Young Men's Christian Association College 
stands for the most thorough practical as well as theoretical train- 
ing. The opportunities for participating in the various phases of 
work for young men and boys are abundant. In the city of 
Springfield a strong Association work has been developed on the 
metropolitan basis. The organization includes a central branch, 
two railroad branches and two student Associations. 

The Central Branch is located in the heart of the city and has 
2,965 members. The work is developed symmetrically. Special 
mention should be made here of the boys' department with 670 
members, and the strong industrial department, which is reaching 
large numbers of men. The Sunday program is one of unusual 
interest. Large meetings are held in the auditorium which seats 
4,000 and on alternate Sundays a concert of sacred music is given 
at which large audiences are present. These meetings bring to 
Springfield many leaders in Christian thought. The new build- 



42 



ing which was entered in May, 1916, was erected at a cost of 
$350,000. 

The Springfield Railroad Branch has an attractive building 
erected at a cost of $25,000. Its work is among 1,000 railway 
men employed by the three lines which pass through the city. An 
excellent opportunity is here afforded the students to participate 
in a modern progressive railroad department. This railroad 
branch has the honor of being the oldest in New England and was 
the first to provide rest rooms for railroad men. Students fitting 
for the railroad secretaryship will be placed under the direction of 
Mr. O. A. Eberhardt for their normal work. 

The West Side Railroad Branch has recently erected a new 
building at a cost of $50,000. This is attractively equipped with 
complete facilities for work among railroad men. As the build- 
ing is located near the railroad shops an excellent opportunity is 
afforded to see a community work in successful operation. 

The village Association at Mittineague, an industrial commu- 
nity where work is done for both sexes, furnishes another oppor- 
tunity for participating in social service. 

The Ludlow Institute, also in a large manufacturing town, in 
a similar way enables students to share in community service. 

The Holyoke Association has one of the finest buildings and 
gymnasiums in western Massachusetts, and a well-developed 
Association work is carried on in all departments. This Asso- 
ciation was one of the first to organize shop Bible classes among 
employed boys. Aggressive work is being conducted for the men 
in the mills and factories. 

The Westfield Association, also within easy reach of the Col- 
lege grounds, has an attractive building in a community of 15,000 
people, with a membership of some 300 young men. The regular 
Association features are well represented. 

These various Young Men's Christian Associations are within 
easy reach by trolley of the College campus and give to the 
students a valuable opportunity to keep in active touch with work 
for young men and boys. 

Religious Life 

The students and faculty, through prayer meetings, chapel 
exercises and the study of the Bible, strive to maintain an 
earnest religious life in the institution. The week of prayer 



43 



for young men is observed in November. Speakers of special 
power in inspiring students are invited from time to time to visit 
the College. There is a spirit of mutual helpfulness and brother- 
liness among the young men which is a means of real religious 
training. 

The personal relations between the faculty and the students 
are most intimate. Interviews are frequent regarding the great 
problems of religious experience, the transition through which 
a student passes in readjusting his religious views to the results 
of science and scholarship, and regarding the personal problems 
which confront a young man who wishes to make his life count 
in Christian service. There are many opportunities for Chris- 
tian work in Springfield, and one member of the faculty, Mr. 
E. F. Zinn, the instructor in religious education, gives a large 
part of his time to supervising the religious work of the students 
and training them for teaching and leadership. 

The Association Seminar 

The Association Seminar aims to give an independent, up-to- 
date, scientific treatment of the problems of young manhood — 
spiritual, social, intellectual and physical. It publishes the origi- 
nal work which is being done by faculty and students. Problems 
of interest and importance in the Association are considered from 
the educational standpoint — such contributions regarding Asso- 
ciation events, outlook, policy and problems as would naturally 
come from an educational center. 

The subscription price is $1.00. The editor-in-chief is Dr. 
L. L. Doggett, assisted by Dr. F. N. Seerley and Professor G. B. 
Affleck. The business manager is Miss Isabel A. Richardson. 



44 



SECRETARIAL COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 
Per Week Terms 



♦Biology 5 2 

*Field Science (Laboratory Course) .... 3 3 

Advanced English 5 3 

Physiology and Hygiene 5 3 

♦Personal Ethics ........ 3 1 

♦Teacher Training 2 1 

Association History ....... 5 1 

Playground Administration 5 1 

♦Camp Craft 5 1 

Sophomore 

New Testament ........ 5 3 

English Literature 5 3 

Psychology ........ 5 3 

Municipal Sociology ....... 5 1 

Social Ethics 5 1 

Sociology ......... 5 1 

Junior 

♦World Politics 5 1 

♦World Sociology 5 1 

Social Psychology ....... 5 1 

Comparative Religions 5 1 

Church History 5 2 

♦Business Administration ...... 5 3 

♦World Classics by Translation ..... 5 2 

Old Testament 5 1 

Senior 

fAssociation Administration ..... 5 3 

Religious Education 5 3 

Economics ......... 5 1 

History of Philosophy ...... 5 1 

♦Modern Religious Thought 5 1 

Thesis ......... 5 3 



* New Courses 

t Old Courses Extended 



45 



PHYSICAL COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 
Per Week Terms 

♦Biology 5 3 

♦Field Science (Laboratory Course) .... 3 3 

Advanced English 5 3 

♦Personal Ethics ........ 3 1 

♦Teacher Training ....... 2 1 

Association History ....... 5 1 

♦Mathematics and Physics ...... 5 3 

Playground Administration ..... 5 1 

Sophomore 

Anatomy ......... 5 2 

♦Chemistry ......... 5 3 

Psychology 5 3 

History Physical Training ...... 5 1 

Personal Hygiene ....... 5 1 

Massage and First Aid 5 1 

Municipal Sociology ....... 5 1 

Junior 

Physiology 5 3 

New Testament ......... 5 3 

Anthropometry and Physical Examination ... 5 1 

Building and School Hygiene ..... 5 1 

Public Hygiene ........ 5 1 

Church History ........ 5 2 

Old Testament 5 1 

Senior 

Physiology of Exercise ...... 5 1 

fDiagnosis and Prescription 5 1 

fAssociation Administration 5 1 

Religious Education ....... 5 3 

English Literature 5 2 

fAthletic Administration ...... 5 1 

Medical Gymnastics (elective) 5 1 

Thesis 5 3 



* New Courses 

f Old Courses Extended 



4 



COUNTY WORK COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 





Per Week 


Terms 


♦Biology ....... 


5 


2 


*Field Science (Laboratory Course) 


3 


3 


Advanced Knglish ..... 





i 

o 


Physiology and Hygiene 


5 


3 


♦Personal Kthics ...... 


3 


1 


♦Teacher Training ..... 


. 2 


1 


Association History ..... 


5 


1 


Playground Administration 


5 


1 


County Work Seminar .... 






♦Camp Craft 


! 5 


1 


Sophomore 






New Testament ...... 


5 


3 


English Literature ..... 


. 5 


3 


Psychology ...... 


5 


3 


Rural Economics ..... 


5 


1 


Rural Institutional Life 


5 


1 


Rural SocioIoetv 


5 


1 


County Work Seminar .... 






Junior 






♦World Politics 


5 


1 


♦World Sociology ..... 


c 

D 


i 
l 


Social Psychology ..... 


5 


1 


Comparative Religions .... 


5 


1 


Church History ...... 


5 


2 


♦Business Administration .... 


5 


3 


♦World Classics by Translation . 


5 


2 


Old Testament ...... 


5 


1 


Pnnntv \A/nrl<" Spminar 

V^U U11LV VV W I XV tJV^llllllal .... 






Senior 






County Work History and Methods . 


5 


3 


Religious Education 


5 


3 


Economics ....... 


5 


1 


History of Philosophy .... 


5 


1 


♦Modern Religious Thought 


5 


1 


County Work Seminar .... 






Thesis 


5 


3 



* New Courses 



47 

BOYS' WORK COURSE 

Freshman 

Hours 
Per Week Terms 

♦Biology ......... 5 2 

♦Field Science (Laboratory Course) .... 3 3 

Advanced English ....... 5 3 

Physiology and Hygiene ...... 5 3 

♦Personal Ethics ........ 3 1 

♦Teacher Training 2 1 

Association History 5 1 

Playground Administration ..... 5 1 

Boys' Work Seminar ....... 

♦Camp Craft ........ 5 1 

Sophomore 

New Testament 5 3 

English Literature 5 3 

Psychology 5 3 

Municipal Sociology 5 1 

Social Ethics 5 1 

Sociology ......... 5 1 

Boys' Work Seminar ....... 

Junior 

♦World Politics 5 1 

♦World Sociology 5 1 

Social Psychology 5 1 

Comparative Religions 5 1 

Church History 5 2 

♦Business Administration 5 3 

♦World Classics by Translation 5 2 

Old Testament ........ 5 1 

Boys' Work Seminar 

Senior 

fMethods of Work for Boys ..... 5 3 

Religious Education 5 3 

Economics ......... 5 1 

History of Philosophy ...... 5 1 

♦Modern Religious Thought ..... 5 1 

Boys' Work Seminar ....... 

Thesis 5 3 



* New Courses 

t Old Courses Extended 



The Curriculum 



Since the beginning of September, 1916, the College has offered four 
years' work for students desiring to secure a degree and three years' for 
students who are candidates for a diploma. The preceding diagrams out- 
line the various courses offered. The courses marked with a star are 
new, the courses marked with a dagger are lengthened. 

The Springfield College offers a general course which fits all students for 
leadership in religious and social work. This course embraces studies 
which give intellectual development and underlie the work of the Asso- 
ciation officer. Based upon the general course are four technical courses 
which give a knowledge and training for the particular department of 
work which the student expects to enter. 

The Conference on professional training for the Association vocation, 
made up of delegates from the various agencies for training for the 
Association service, has recommended a uniform system of grades. The 
purpose of this rating is to enable students who have studied in connection 
with one the agencies for training to secure recognition for work done. 
By the plan recommended by this conference one recitation counts as one 
point, two laboratory periods count as one point and two periods in the 
gymnasium or on the athletic field count as one point. Ten points are 
regarded as one unit. The course of study following is divided into 
points and units in accordance with this plan. 

General Course 

Faculty 

President Doggett ; Association History, Religious Education 

Professor Bowne; Library Methods 

Doctor Seerley ; Psychology, Personal Work 

Professor Burr; Christian History 

Doctor Ballantine; The Bible 

Professor Hyde; English, Music 

Professor Cheney; Municipal Sociology 

Professor Zinn ; Religious Education 

Professor Affleck; Nature Study 

Professor Young; Biology 

Reverend J. Herman Randall, New York City; Modern Religious 
Thought 

The General Course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, 
seeks to fit each student to become a leader in religious education, to be 
helpful to individuals in their Christian experiences, and to enable him to 



49 



teach the Bible in a way to build character and inspire Christian service. 
It aims to acquaint the student with the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion and its field. It also seeks to broaden the student's intellectual 
horizon, to promote mental discipline, to acquaint him with modern 
thought, and to familiarize him with the problems which a leader in 
Christian work will meet in practical life. This course covers Bible study, 
Christian history, psychology, municipal sociology, religious education, the 
history of the Young Men's Christian Association, biology, nature study 
and the study of English. 

1. The Bible 

(1) The New Testament. Dr. Ballantine, Sophomore year, five hours 
per week, 175 points, or \7y 2 units for the year. An essential in Christian 
leadership is a knowledge of the scriptures. This is fundamental in 
preparation for any position in the Association. An entire year is devoted 
to the study of the New Testament. The student is expected to read each 
book in accordance with the direction of the professor, to recite upon 
its facts and ideas in the classroom and to take notes of familiar discus- 
sions of its contents. 

Much emphasis is laid upon the fact that this is not a study of books 
about the Bible, but a study of the Bible itself. There is a brief course of 
ten lectures upon manuscripts, versions and other topics usually called "In- 
troduction," but for the most part such matters are explained incidentally 
when the need for information arises in inductive study. It is believed 
that to have the student read every book in the New Testament and fix 
in mind its main ideas will insure a more comprehensive intelligence than 
can be secured by intensive work upon small portions. Every effort is 
made to make the class feel that they have been in the very company of 
Jesus and of Paul. 

It will be readily seen that this method does not aim to give courses that 
can be reproduced in the local Associations, but so to familiarize the stu- 
dent with the whole New Testament that he can readily use any courses 
that may seem suitable for the special field to which he may be called. 

(2) Old Testament. Junior year, twelve weeks, five hours per week, 
60 points or 6 units. This course does not attempt to master the whole 
of the literature of the Old Testament. Selected portions will be studied 
inductively in the classroom. The chief object of the course is to show 
the evolution of the religion of the Hebrews and the foundation which it 
laid for the introduction of Christianity. Emphasis is laid upon the 
spiritual message of the prophets and the Psalms. An attempt is made 
to point out the permanent contribution to religion made by the Hebrew 
people. 

2. Religious Education 

Dr. Doggett and Professor Zinn, Senior year, thirty-five weeks, five 
hours per week, 175 points or 17^ units. The aim of this course is 
to acquaint the student with the fundamental conceptions of religion 
and education in the light of modern thought and to apply these principles 



50 



to the deepening of the student's religious life and to the specific prob- 
lems of his future work. This course assists the student to reconstruct 
his ideas of the spiritual life as well as to deepen and strengthen his faith. 

(1) Psychological Principles of Religion. The fall term is devoted 
to a psychological analysis of the great facts of the religious life. The 
investigations of Coe, Starbuck, James, Leuba, King and others into the 
nature and origin of the phenomena of religion are reviewed and com- 
pared. Professor Ames' book on "The Psychology of Religious Experi- 
ence" is used as a text. The text is supplemented by lectures by the 
instructor and others. The great experiences of the Christian life, such 
as conversion, prayer, worship, faith, inspiration, belief and service are 
carefully studied and their real nature and permanent value brought 
out. In addition to the class work and outside reading each student is 
required to present a study of some religious movement, such as Chris- 
tian Science, New Thought or Spiritualism. These studies as far as 
possible are based on personal observation and enable the student to 
understand the strength and weakness of these movements. 

(2) Psychological Principles of Education. Winter term. This term 
is devoted to a study of modern educational theory with some work on 
the history of education. 

Professor H. H. Home's text-book on "The Psychological Principles of 
Education" is the basis of the course. Outside reading is assigned from 
Rousseau's "Emile"; "Froebel's Educational Laws," by Prof. James L. 
Hughes ; Spencer's "Education" ; Coe's "Education in Religion and 
Morals" ; Thorndike's "Education." 

The work of this term also involves the preparation of a thesis dealing 
with some educational problem. The study of this problem is guided in 
a seminar, meeting one additional hour per week. 

(3) Methods of Religious Education. Spring term. The work of 
this term is the application of the theory given in the first two terms. 

(a) The programs of religious work now being given in the most 
successful Young Men's Christian Associations are analyzed and each 
student has an opportunity to propose an ideal program, both of instruc- 
tion and activity. 

(b) A careful study is made of courses prepared for Sunday schools, 
Young Men's Christian Associations and colleges, and the students become 
familiar with the best courses now available. 

(c) There will be specific instruction in how to teach a Bible class 
and a course of lessons suitable for a teachers' training class will be 
studied. Actual practice in teaching under supervision will be provided. 

3. Modern Religious Thought 

Dr. Randall, Senior year, fall term, two hours per week, 26 points or 2 J /t 
units. This course is designed to give to those who are preparing to 
present the gospel to young men of the twentieth century a survey of the 
great ideas of the age in their bearing upon religious thought. Such topics 
as the following are considered : "The New Conception of the Universe," 



51 



"The Evolution of Man," "The New Psychology," "The New Social Con- 
sciousness," "The Divine Immanence," "The Historical Method as Ap- 
plied to the Bible and Christianity," "Miracles," "Prayer," "Immortality," 
"The Enlarging Conception of God." 

4. Personal Ethics 

Professor Campbell, Freshman year, fall term, three hours per week, 
39 hours or 4 units. The object of this course is to start the student on a 
thoroughgoing investigation of his own philosophy of life and help him 
to ground his own ideals of personal conduct. The ideals of Springfield 
College call for nothing short of the best in personal character and pro- 
fessional efficiency if her men would measure up to the challenge of the 
world-wide field in ministering to the needs of men and boys. Often a 
young man's religion is traditional and second-hand rather than the result 
of personal thinking and vital experience. In the midst of the present-day 
conflict of standards and creeds it is very essential to have the fortifying 
conviction that vital religion is a life to be lived rather than a creed to be 
believed and that we may confidently face the mental conflict of standards 
due to advancing scientific knowledge if we hold fast in unswerving 
loyalty to the personal standards of individual character as exemplified in 
Jesus. 

The method of instruction includes the use of text-books, classroom 
discussion, selected lectures and considerable collateral reading. 

Text-books : "Student Standards of Action," Elliott-Cutler ; "Manhood 
of the Master," Fosdick; "Meaning of Prayer," Fosdick. 

Required Reading: "Fight for Character," King; "Not in the Curric- 
ulum"; "What Men Live By," Cabot; "Moral and Religious Challenge of 
our Times," King. 

5. History of Christianity 
Professor Burr, Junior year, winter and spring terms, five hours per 
week, 110 points or 11 units. 

(1) History of Christianity to the Time of the Reformation. Winter 
term. The emphasis is placed on the development of Christian civiliza- 
tion, and on the constant elements of religious thought and experience. 
Text-book: Fisher's "History of Christianity." 

(2) History of Christianity to the Present Time. Spring term. A 
comparative study of modern denominations is made by the class, and 
leading ministers are invited to outline the principles, ideals and achieve- 
ments of their own denominations. In practice this has contributed 
greatly to the development of an interdenominational spirit. Text-book: 
Fisher's "History of Christianity." 

The work is carried on by lectures, carefully prepared courses of read- 
ing and text-books for special periods and topics. Emphasis is laid on 
the courses of reading and topical study, so that the student becomes 
familiar with the masterpieces of historical literature. Recent additions 
to the department of history in the College library facilitate the work 
of this department. 



52 



6. Association History and Literature 

Dr. Doggett, Freshman year, eleven weeks, five hours per week, 55 points 
or Sy 2 units. The aim of this course is to acquaint all students with 
the history and development of Christian work among young men. 
A study is made of the early efforts in the Protestant Church, both in 
England and the United States, on the part of Christian young men to 
associate themselves together for religious work. Careful attention is 
given to the forces in the church and the conditions of social life which 
made such a movement necessary. The Association is studied, not as 
a local or national, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period, 1844 
to 1855, special attention is given to the London work and its formative 
influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leader- 
ship of the American work requires especial attention to the movement on 
this continent. In the third period, 1878 to the present time, more atten- 
tion is given to the spread of the movement throughout the world. Mod- 
ern Association history, to which a large part of the course is devoted, 
is presented in lecture form and by topics. Leaders of the present-day 
movement are frequently invited to speak on different phases. This course 
studies the development of the Association, its organization and policy, 
its literature and the fixed principles which govern its operation and its 
relation to the church. 

Students are expected to read and review the more important works 
which the leaders of the Young Men's Christian Association have pro- 
duced. 

Text-books : "A History of the Young Men's Christian Association," 
Vol. I, L. L. Doggett, and 'The Life of Robert R. McBurney," same 
author; "History of the Young Men's Christian Association," Richard C. 
Morse. 

7. Normal Work in Religious Education 

Professor Zinn, director. The College offers what might be called a 
laboratory for religious work. In all branches of science the labora- 
tory is the place for trying out theories and demonstrating facts. This 
might be sufficient reason for undertaking supervised normal practice, 
but it is not the only reason. Every Christian man must reproduce him- 
self in others if he is to grow. To learn means to do, and opportunity 
must be afforded for those religious activities which will produce the best 
results in student character. 

The school of law has observation of court proceedings. The medical 
school has its hospital and dispensary. The school of theology has its 
college settlements, missions and appointments to preach. The teachers' 
college has its practice school. All these are well-established methods for 
professional training along definite lines. The College at Springfield has 
developed what might be called a laboratory or institute for social and 
religious service, both on the grounds of the institution and in the city 
of Springfield. Through the student Association, through the work 
carried on by the students in the city and through the religious, social 



53 



and physical work followed by the faculty, an extended system of effort 
which is being more carefully graded each year is conducted. 

Every student is urged to make a place for himself in the life of a 
man or boy, or, what is still better, in a group. Many local organizations 
afford such an opportunity — the Sunday schools, young people's societies, 
Springfield Boys' Club, Young Men's Christian Associations, missions, 
men's clubs, etc. The ever increasing number of immigrant young men 
affords a chance to teach English and thus render a helpful service. The 
members of the faculty bear an advisory relation to this work and assist 
the student in every way possible. 

A record is kept and credits are given which apply toward graduation 
as in all regular classroom work. One period as a teacher in a class 
in religious education which requires preparation counts as one point, two 
periods in normal work which do not require preparation count as one 
point. Students must secure a minimum of sixty points in religious work 
during the three years of their study. 

In order that the new students may begin to work effectively, a short 
course is given during the fall and winter terms of the Freshman year 
on "How to Teach a Sunday School Class." This course will be given 
to groups of ten or twelve men by specially trained student instructors 
selected from the upper-classmen, working under the supervision of the 
director. These instructors will supervise the work done by the students 
in the Sunday schools and assist in every way possible in securing efficient 
work. 

This normal work will be recorded and graded on the same basis as 
any other classroom work. All students are required to secure a minimum 
of forty points in religious instruction during the first two years' attend- 
ance at College. This includes such work as teaching Sunday school 
classes, leading Christian Endeavor meetings, giving religious addresses 
and similar work. 

8. Biology 

Professor Young, Freshman year, two terms, five hours per week, 120 
hours or 12 units. The aim of this course is to give an understanding of 
the fundamental biological principles as they apply to man. 

First Term: General structure of plants and animals; elementary vital 
phenomena ; comparative physiology ; morphology and animal classification. 
Laboratory : Study of specimens illustrating the various groups. 

Second Term: Organic evolution; discussion of the more important 
theories of evolution, mutation and heredity; the principles on which 
modern hygiene and sanitation are based. 

Laboratory : Maturation and fertilization and embryology as the physi- 
cal basis of heredity; examples of heredity. 

9. Psychology 

Dr. Seerley, Sophomore year, three terms, five hours per week, 175 
points of \7 l / 2 units. This course occupies a full year and is taken by all 
Sophomores. The human mind is complex and the aim is to study it from 



54 



many viewpoints, keeping constantly in mind the work for which the 
student is preparing. 

(1) Physiological Psychology. The course opens with a study of the 
nervous system. The brains of animals are dissected so the student may 
become acquainted with every part, and also demonstrate their relations. 
Sections of the entire human brain are available, which have proven very 
helpful in studying the gross structure. The miscroscopes and micro-pro- 
jection apparatus enable the student to study the minute structure of every 
part as revealed in the many variously prepared and stained microscopic 
slides of the central nervous system. This is followed by a study of the 
special senses, their rise and development, their structure, their function 
and their localized culture in the central nervous system. A large number 
of laboratory experiments fixes the range of each special sense, as well 
as calls attention to the many illusions which are liable to occur. The 
modern theory of localization of brain centers receives careful attention, 
with the latest applications. However, this phase of psychology is 
approached from an evolutionary point of view, in order to make it 
valuable to those who are working with boys, and who may be called 
on to give addresses on boy life and development. 

(2) Genetic Psychology. This is a course in the psychology of de- 
velopment and is an attempt to trace the evolution of mind from its 
simplest beginnings to its most complex and specialized adaptations. These 
studies center around many of the practical problems of growing youth. 
With a view to making the work practical and to enable the student to 
make use of the material in his work, he is required to write a number 
of addresses upon these problems and thus accumulate definite material for 
further use. These addresses are made to fit definite groups, depending 
upon the type of work for which the student is preparing: if boys' work, 
he makes the form of the address correspond; if physical work, he 
approaches the subject from that viewpoint. 

The human instincts receive careful attention. A few are named to 
show the value of the work, but not to indicate the scope of it. Each is 
studied as to the genesis in the animal world, relation to the struggle for 
existence, modifications as the scale of life is ascended, value in the devel- 
opment of manhood if properly used, and danger if improperly developed 
or left undeveloped; fear, the fighting instinct, anger, play, hunting, the 
gang instinct, sex instinct, hero worship, imitation, the parental instinct, 
and others. During the discussion of the play instinct and play in general, 
the modern playground movement is given its place in child development, 
as well as the various phases of physical training in the public schools. 

Under the head of the sex instinct, the subject of "personal purity" 
from the psychological standpoint is carefully considered, and each student 
learns to present this subject to an audience of men or boys, as well as 
how to deal with the individual who has become addicted to unfortunate 
habits. 

Heredity and degeneracy are also given an important place in this study. 
Attention is given to the introduction of disease, the use of alcoholic 



55 



stimulants, the lack of proper food, etc., with their effects upon the child. 
An attempt is made to trace the dominating characteristics of the boy dur- 
ing the different periods of his development, so that treatment of him may 
be intelligent and helpful at all times. 

(3) General Psychology. While chief attention is given to the psy- 
chology of adolescence and mental development, a study is also made of 
general psychology. The college library is particularly well equipped with 
the literature treating of this subject. The aim is to make each student 
intelligent regarding the most recent conclusions and relationships between 
intellect and will and their various subdivisions. Attention is given to 
a discussion of some of the more complex mental processes. These include 
memory, imagination, judgment, thought and reasoning. 

(4) Psychic Phenomena — the laws of psychotherapy. During the last 
few years much public interest has developed along the lines of mental 
therapeutics and various systems have claimed attention. It is believed 
that the laws underlying such results should be thoroughly known by 
leaders in Christian work, because of the need of such treatment in so 
many cases, and for that reason such a course is offered. It will include 
a study of suggestion, sleep, hypnosis, double or alternating personality, 
dreams, hallucinations, illusions, etc. An endeavor is also made to differ- 
entiate between the various systems of healings. 

(5) Psychology of the Religious Nature. As the individual evolves 
from the lower to the higher, as the race has developed from savagery 
to civilization, so our course will find its completion in a study of the 
highest aspect of human nature. This religious being is the complex of 
all that makes the man. His hunger for God is built upon the primitive 
hunger for food. The normal expression of his life in Christian service 
is likewise the outgrowth of the desire to reproduce. Thus will be summed 
up all the factors making up the man and the necessary treatment during 
each epoch in his development to make him complete in every way. 

10. English 

Freshman year, five hours per week, 175 points or \7 l / 2 units. 

(1) Composition and Rhetoric. Professor Hyde. 

First Term: Principles of composition — debates on questions of the 
day and talks on various topics connected with work for boys and young 
men. 

Second Term: Debates and talks continued. Promoting literature and 
practice in making advertisements. Principles connected therewith. "In- 
ductive Logic," by Dr. Ballantine, dealing with the scientific method. 

Third Term: Pitkin's "Short Story," with practice in short story struc- 
ture. Exercises in public speaking, suitable to various occasions. 

(2) Literary and Debating Societies. Two periods will count as one 
point. The Lee, McKinley, International, Philomathean and Weidensall 
Societies furnish ample opportunity for all students who desire to secure 
training in debate and parliamentary practice. Members of the faculty act 
as critics and advisers. Intersociety debates are held each year, and from 



56 



time to time intercollegiate debates with representatives of neighboring 
colleges. 

(3) Public Reading and Expression. Professor Burr. Two periods 
will count as one point. Elective courses in public reading and expression 
are conducted three times weekly through the year. The object of this 
course is to fit students to use the voice in expression and also to read 
effectively before an audience. 

(4) Comparative Literature. Mrs. Doggett. Two periods will count 
as one point. Advanced studies in literary appreciation — the short story, 
Robert Browning and the classics. 

(5) Dramatic Club. Mrs. Doggett and Professor Hyde. Two periods 
will count as one point. The object of this club is to study the drama, read 
and present plays and secure experience in putting on such amateur 
dramatics as are suitable for boys' departments and Associations. 

11. Music 

Professor Hyde. Two periods will count as one point. 

The Springfield musical clubs, organized as a part of the Student Asso- 
ciation, handle such musical organizations as the College may be able 
from time to time to form. The permanent feature is the glee club. This 
consists of about sixteen men. Programs are gotten up — religious, classic 
and humorous, which are given in churches and before various societies 
in New England. The club is open to those with a good musical sense, 
ability to read and a voice. 

Vocal quartets, quartet brass instruments and mandolin and guitar clubs 
are formed when talent for these activities is present. 

Small classes in sight reading, in the leading of choruses and in vocal 
practice, are formed as they are requested by the student body. 

12. Field Science 

Professor Affleck, Freshman year, three hours per week, 105 points or 
10H units. 

Purpose: To familiarize students with their physical environment that 
their personal lives may be enlarged by a knowledge and appreciation of 
the beauty and usefulness of their surroundings and that as a result of 
such knowledge they may the better interest, instruct, guide, protect and 
inspire boys and young men. 

Method: (a) Lectures, with demonstrations and reference readings upon 
the various phases of natural science. 

(b) Laboratory and notebook exercises calculated to test and develop 
ability of students in applying lecture material and in discovering new 
facts and principles for themselves. 
Content 

1. Botany, (a) Trees — study of habitat, size, form, bark, wood, leaves, 
blossom, fruit, etc., together with identification and uses of common trees 
and shrubs indigenous to New England ; fundamentals of forest planting, 
growth, use and protection; collections. 



« GRERAR 

IBR.ABX 



57 



(b) Ferns and flowering plants — detailed examination of parts, their 
rms and functions ; transplanting and raising, identification and use and 
nger, especially poisonous plants ; herbarium. 

2. Astronomy. General consideration of stars, with special attention 
sun; planets and their moons with details regarding earth, constella- 

3ns — identification and use, star maps, the compass; elementary naviga- 
Dn and surveying ; seasons. 

3. Meteorology. Study of weather, climate ; pressures ; winds ; tempera- 
ire; humidity; clouds, rain, dew and frost; relation to man — his health 
id activities ; observations, records, forecasting. 

4. Zoology. Gross study of the various forms of animal life com- 
lonly found, with special attention to brook and pond life, insects, reptiles, 
irds, mammals ; collection of skins, skeletons, homes, nests, workman- 
hip, aquaria and vivaria. 

5. Geology. Brief sketch of historical and stratographical — special at- 
antion to local features as representative of earth's changes and forma- 
ions; relation of form and structure to flora and fauna, including man; 
ollections. 

6. Materials and Methods. The objectives; organization and conduct 
if hikes ; canal trips ; classroom sessions ; camps, observation, rate taking, 
:quipment, collections, use, form, care, literature and bibliography. 

13. Use of the Libraries 

Professor Bowne. Freshman year, one hour weekly during the fall 
:erm, 10 points or 1 unit. The object is to give a working knowledge 
}f the libraries and greater skill in the use of books — covering general 
and special collections, classification, catalogs, indexes, scope, use and 
comparison of the great bibliographies, encyclopedias, dictionaries, atlases, 
year books, directories and gazetteers. Practical exercises are given 
applying the principles and methods advocated. 

14. Graduate Work 

Graduates of the College, or those having done equivalent work else- 
where, will be allowed to pursue advanced work under one of the instruc- 
tors. The course must be laid out at the beginning of the year by the 
president and approved by the faculty. It will involve a major theme with 
two minor allied courses. The aim shall be to do work of an original 
character. This work shall be embodied in a thesis, two copies of which, 
bound in cloth, must be presented to the College. By vote of the faculty, 
graduates of the College who have a bachelor's degree, either in human- 
ics or in physical education, who complete a one year's graduate course, 
and present a thesis which receives a grade not lower than worthy of 
praise, will be recommended to the trustees as candidates for a master's 
degree. 



Technical Courses 



Based upon the general course, the student takes one of the following 
courses according as he is preparing to be city or county secretary, a 
physical director or a boys' work director. Students fitting for secretarial 
work among boys are classed as secretarial students, those fitting for 
physical work among boys are enrolled in the physical course. These 
courses have been worked out with great care and after long experience, 
and have been adapted from year to year to meet the growing demands 
of the Young Men's Christian Association and of physical education. 

The Secretarial Course 

Faculty 

President Doggett; Executive Psychology 

Professor Cheney, Director; Association Administration, Sociology and 
Ethics 

Doctor Seerley; Physiology 

Professor Burr; Sociology, Philosophy and Ethics 

; Business Administration 

Professor Zinn ; Religious Education 

Mrs. Doggett; English Literature 

Miss Richardson ; Association Bookkeeping 

15. Association Administration 

Professor Cheney, Senior year, three terms, five hours per week, 175 
points or units. 

This course is a training in administration. More and more all 
employed officers of the Young Men's Christian Associations are execu- 
tives, and in whatever department an Association officer serves he needs 
to know the principles and the art of administration. He must under- 
stand how to do things, and also how to get things done through others. 
He must know how to deal with men and how to organize a complex 
variety of activities. The course in methods aims to acquaint the student 
with the principles of administration and with the executive problems of 
the various departments. 

Students wishing to prepare for the secretaryship of railroad Associa- 
tions will follow this course, and will be assigned work bearing particularly 
upon the department to which they are to devote their lives. 

Students wishing to fit for the religious work directorship will follow 
the regular secretarial course, and be assigned special work bearing upon 
this department, particularly in the preparation of a thesis. The same plan 



59 



will be followed for men wishing to prepare for any of the various lines 
of secretarial work. 

Students wishing to fit for secretarial work among boys follow the 
regular secretarial course with some additions from the physical course. 
All students are trained to deal with boys. The features bearing particu- 
larly upon work among boys are more fully outlined on pages 114 to 116. 

The work of instruction is supplemented by the Junior and Senior trips, 
conferences of employed officers, the institutes given each term and by 
normal practice. A large number of lecturers on special topics visit the 
College each year. 

(1) Principles of Organisation. Basis. Aim. When and how to 
organize. Essential features in the constitution. Branches and sub- 
organizations. The metropolitan plan. Trustees, directors and officers — 
qualifications and duties. The organization of committee service. 

(2) The General Secretary. History of position. Requisite qualifica- 
tions — physical, intellectual, executive and spiritual. His social life, home 
life, business life. Relation to churches and pastors, to officers, directors 
and committees, to other employees, to the business community, to fellow 
secretaries. Accepting a call. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and 
socially. 

(3) The Extension Agencies. 

(a) The International Committee. History. Organization. 
Foreign and home work. Development of groups of Asso- 
ciations. Internal development. 

(b) State and Provincial Committees. Organization. Develop- 
ment. Importance. Nature of work. Finances. State con- 
ventions. 

(c) The World's Committee. Organization and work. 

(d) The Training Agencies. Securing and training employed 
officers. Demand and supply. Methods of training. 

(4) The Association Home. The building movement, its beginning and 
growth, advantages of owning a building, how to get a building, favor- 
able conditions for launching an effort, the campaign, committee organi- 
zation, the art of solicitation, records, the location, advantages and 
disadvantages of an architect's competition, the instructions to the archi- 
tect, the plans and specifications, arrangement of features, the construc- 
tion with special study of the problems of lighting, heating and ventilat- 
ing, the equipment and furnishings, care of the building, repairs and 
safety, order and cleanliness. 

The students have normal practice in solicitation. A careful and detailed 
study is made of a score of sets of blue prints of recently constructed 
Association buildings, and original sketches of floor plans are presented 
by each student. 

(5) The Business Management. Forms of income. Solicitation. 
Annual budget— budgets of various Associations are studied and samples 
made up. Proper accounting. Receipts. Economies. Office system. 
Filing systems. Real estate and endowment funds. Incorporation. Debt. 



60 



Taxes. Insurance. Leases. Recording statistics. The bulletin. Annual 
reports. Principles of successful advertising. Printing — various cuts, 
proof reading, printer's terminology. A study is made of the principles 
underlying attractive printing — measure, balance, proportion, shape, har- 
mony, arrangement of lines and masses, colors. 

(6) Theory and Practice of Accounts. 

(a) The foundation, fundamental definitions and distinctions in 
double entry, including basic books, journal and ledger. 

(b) The record of transactions, nominal and profit and loss ele- 
ments distinguished, including work in discount and bills. 

(c) Closing the books. Preparation of trial balance, balance sheet 
and closing entries at end of period. 

(d) The cash book, including general treatment of cash, petty 
cash and reconciliation of bank accounts. 

(e) Original records. This includes work in columnar books of 
account, including voucher records. 

(f) The ledger and controlling accounts. This is a development 
of the constructive part of the subject and is the basis for 
the control of accounts payable and accounts receivable. 

(g) Institutional accounting. Classifications of accounts. Prin- 
ciples of management, including modifications necessary for 
institutional work. Specific accounting systems suitable for 
Associations of various sizes. 

Text-book : "Pace & Pace." 

(7) The Membership. Committee organizations. Personnel of com- 
mittee. Duties. The membership secretary. Classes. How to secure and 
retain members. The assimilation of members. Methods of advertising. 
The members' meetings. Fees. Transfers. Partial payments. Records. 

(8) The Social Department. The principle of social affiliation. Vital 
importance of the social element. Development and use of the group 
spirit. Cultivation of social life fundamental to every department of the 
Association. The social secretary. The reception committee. What the 
reception committeemen should be and should do. Social agencies. The 
social rooms. Social entertainments. 

(9) Economic Features. A study of the Association activities which 
minister to the economic needs of young men: (a) Employment bureau — 
origin, methods of work, service to the community, attitude of business 
men, advantages, records, (b) Lunch rooms and restaurants — develop 
ment of the idea, problems and advantages, their place in the Association, 
(c) Dormitories — value to young men, the problem of combining the 
positions of host and landlord, business management. (d) Boarding 
house registers, object, development and extent, (e) Systems of saving, 
opportunities in Association to encourage frugality, saving bureaus, benefit 
funds, mutual societies for thrift. 

(10) The Educational Department. The reading room — furniture, 
supervision, papers and periodicals. The library — its importance and place 
in the Association, how to develop. Apartments and furniture, manage- 



61 



ment, selecting and buying books, classification, cataloging, shelf listing, 
binding and repairing, advertising, registration and charging, reference 
books, courses of reading, aids to readers. Educational committee — the 
educational director — qualifications, work and relationships. Educational 
classes — the need, branches taught, adaptation to field, frequency of ses- 
sions, instructors, classrooms, examinations, finances. Educational clubs — 
literary, musical, scientific, art, civic and professional ; the value, various 
forms of organization and work, how supervised. Educational lectures 
— the relationships, range, resources and conduct. 

(11) The Boys' Department. Boys are grouped into three classes — 
student boys, employed boys and street boys. This course takes up a 
study of how the Association may more effectively reach and uplift these 
various classes of boys. History of the work. Necessity, aim and benefit. 
Equipment of department. Supervision. The boys' cabinet. Grouping 
and grading. Methods and agencies — religious, educational, physical and 
social. 

(12) The Work Among Special Classes. College students — organiza- 
tion, methods, outgrowths. Railroad men — aim and benefits. Other in- 
dustrial classes. Soldiers, sailors, negroes, Indians, etc. 

(13) Salesmanship. This subject has been introduced in recognition 
of the fact that every Association secretary is in one sense a salesman. 
He must understand the problem of raising funds and of bringing men 
to service, and hence should know the basic principles upon which the 
science of salesmanship is founded. The following subjects are presented 
and discussed : Elements of a sale. Personality — how to eliminate nega- 
tive and strengthen positive traits. Knowledge of self and of human 
nature. Use of suggestion and autosuggestion in producing belief and 
action. Apprentices of mental, vital and motive force, knowledge of 
human types and temperaments, character analysis, personal magnetism. 
Classroom work is supplemented by additional lectures by business men. 

(14) Personal Efficiency. A study is made of the various principles 
underlying personal efficiency. The use of reliable, adequate and per- 
manent records. Planning. Adoption of schedules. Dispatching. Stand- 
ardizing conditions and operations. Standard practice instructions. Com- 
petent counsel. Practical application is made of these principles to the 
life and work of the student and to the work of the Association. 

Text and reference books for course in methods : "The Executive and 
His Control of Men," Gowin ; "The Executive," Shurtleff ; "The Short 
Term Campaign," Ward; "The Association Building," Jallade; "The Social 
Element," See ; "Association Advertising," Stone ; "Educational Work," 
Hodge. Also various publications of Association Press and reports and 
papers of conferences and conventions. 

16. Executive Psychology 

Dr. Doggett, Senior year, winter term, one hour per week, 11 points 
or 1 unit. 

This course aims to acquaint the student with the problems of an 



62 



executive. It recognizes that the common task of all executives is the 
handling of men. 

Executive questions are discussed in conferences and familiar lectures. 
These are based on a study of Professor Gowin's text-book, "The Execu- 
tive and His Control of Men." 

17. Physiology; Hygiene; First Aid 

Dr. Seerley, Freshman year, five hours per week, 175 points or \7 l / 2 
units. 

Modern Christian work has become so "Good Samaritan" in its type 
that a much more intimate knowledge of physical life has become neces- 
sary. Intelligent personal hygiene can neither be practiced nor taught 
without such a knowledge of structure and function as to make it 
rational. To render "first aid" becomes a natural accomplishment under 
like conditions. 

This course aims to guide the student in his study in order that 
unnecessary details in human anatomy may be avoided, and an adequate 
emphasis placed upon those parts where the problems of young men and 
boys are likely to focus ; to correlate the physiological phenomena in a 
like practical way, avoiding the technical matter needed by some pro- 
fessions, but emphasizing that relating to manhood. An attempt is made 
to relate the subject as a whole, as well as in its parts, to biology, that 
the complex function may be seen in the light of the primitive and simple, 
and also to create interest in the process of development which is the 
law of all life. It is not planned to trespass upon the technical knowledge 
of the physician, but we do assume that many things formerly known 
only to physicians ought to be known by everyone, especially those laws 
and habits which are related to health. 

Nutrition and reproduction are the great themes. Included under 
nutrition are the great functions of digestion, circulation, respiration and 
elimination, the treatment we should give the various organs, and the 
conditions which prevail as a result of ignorance and misuse. A study 
of the structure and function of the blood provides opportunity to dis- 
cuss its germ-destroying power, and the modern antitoxin treatment of 
many diseases. The nervous system, the great coordinator of all activities, 
in its relation to the circulation, breathing, digestion, muscular contrac- 
tion, secretion, etc., is given as much time as possible. Those portions 
especially relating to psychology are not discussed in this course. 

The function of reproduction receives special attention. This is 
because of the prevailing ignorance which exists among young men, 
because of the bare reference to it in the ordinary class in physiology, 
and because this ignorance leads to serious habits and temptations which 
endanger both the individual and society. The plan is to give the student 
a working knowledge of the subject, fitting him to teach both in public 
address and private conversation. 

To help the student to fix this material in his mind, the balopticon is 
used to throw colored pictures upon the screen, the micro-projection 



63 



to show microscopic slides, and the microscope where that will best 
serve the purpose. The various organs of animals secured from the 
packing house are also made use of, as well as a few animal dissections 
to show the relationship of organs. 

"First aid" is taught by a series of lectures, quizzes and demonstra- 
tions at the close of the course. It has been separated in order to enable 
the student to prepare himself for teaching, as well as to facilitate the 
laboratory method of giving the course. At the close of this course a 
special examination may be taken, the passing of which will entitle the 
student to a certificate, testifying to the holder's ability to render "first 
aid" when the need arises. 

18. English Literature 

Mrs. Doggett, Sophomore year, three terms, five hours per week, 175 
points or 17>2 units. The work in English and American literature is a 
study of the great art forms of literature and their relation to the 
epochs of national life. This will include a study of Chaucer, Shakespeare, 
Milton, Wordsworth and Tennyson — the characteristics of the age in 
which they lived and their relation to that age. Among the American 
writers studied are Cotton Mather, Jonathan Edwards, Daniel Webster, 
Irving, Emerson and Hawthorne. This course aims to familiarize the 
students with the masterpieces of English, and is of great practical value 
in fitting a secretary for directing the reading of young men and boys. 

The aim of this course is not so much to study the history of literature 
or annotations and criticisms about the works of great authors as to 
bring the student into direct touch with the masterpieces themselves, cul- 
tivate his taste and give him a discriminating appreciation of the best 
writers. Many of the great authors are read in the classroom and dis- 
cussed by the students. 

The Social Sciences 

Professors Burr and Cheney. 

The Young Men's Christian Association is one of the greatest of the 
modern agencies of social service. Of necessity its leaders must be social 
scientists as well as adepts in the art of serving their kind. The following 
courses are planned to give the student the scientific background which 
he will need for his practical work in social reform and education. 

In arranging the several courses the "Biologic Analogy" has been used 
for the sake of convenience and clearness, but with no idea of pressing 
to the breaking point the analogy of the biologic organism to the social 
organization. 



64 



Outline of Courses 



1 Social Anatomy and Physiology 
(Sociology) 
A Analysis of Social Organization 
B Formulation of Laws of Social 
Progress 

Cheney 


1. Social Biology and Embryology 
A Primitive Society 
B Beginners of Arts and Indus- 
tries 

C Social Evolution 
Elective Burr 


2. Social Psychology 
A The Group Mind 
B Psychic Factors in Socialization 
C Agents of Social Control 

Burr 


2. Social Physiology 

(Economics) 
A Wealth Production 
B " Consumption 
C " Distribution 
D " Finance Burr 


3. Social Ethics 

A Development of Social Stand- 
ards 

B The Social Conscience 
C Social Justice 

Cheney 


3 Social Hygiene 

(Problems of 20th century city) 
A The City and Civilization 
B City Problems 

1 Administration 

2 Health 

3 Morals 

4 Education Cheney 



19. Philosophy and Ethics 

(1) History of Philosophy. Professor Burr, Senior year, spring term, 
five hours per week, 55 points or S l / 2 units. 

Special emphasis is placed on the teachings of the Greek philosophers 
who furnished the intellectual environment in which Christian philosophy 
and theology developed, and on the later thinkers who directly influenced 
Christian thought and life. 

Text-book : "Student's History of Philosophy," Rogers. 

(2) Social Ethics. Professor Cheney, Sophomore year, winter term, 
five hours per week, 55 points or 5^ units. 

A study of the modern social revolution and the problems of the 
resultant social crisis. The essential purpose of Christianity as evidenced 
in the religion of the Hebrew prophets and the social aims and ethics of 
Jesus. Why Christianity has never undertaken the work of social recon- 
struction. The stake of the church in the social movement. The con- 
tributions which Christianity can make and the main directions in which 
the religious spirit should exert its forces. 

Text-books : "Christianity and the Social Crisis," and "Christianizing the 
Social Order," Rauschenbusch. 

20. The Problems of a Twentieth Century City 

Professor Cheney, Sophomore year, fall term, five hours per week, 65 
points or 6 x / 2 units. This course is also taken by the Sophomore physical 
men. Cities are the strategic points of our modern civilization. In the 
cities are massed, not merely the most powerful economic and political 



65 



forces, but also the most powerful ethical and educational forces. So far 
as we can see, an ever increasing proportion of our population will live in 
cities. Hence the problems of the city are, like the poor, likely to be always 
with us and we must face them as best we may. 

The Young Men's Christian Association is itself a product of city life. 
It is an organized attempt on the part of the church to meet one of the 
most pressing needs of city life — a social center for young men, where 
all wholesome and educative influences should be massed attractively and 
effectively. 

It is becoming evident that the secretaries and directors of the Associa- 
tion must be sociological experts and that they must be leaders in social 
service. In studying the lives of young men they will become so perforce. 
As a matter of fact, they constitute a natural bureau of information as 
to all the forces and conditions of city life which affect young men. In 
some of our largest and most effective Associations, the secretaries are 
becoming recognized as authorities on municipal sociology, both to the 
benefit of the city and their own work. 

In order to meet this growing demand of our work, a term of study is 
devoted to municipal sociology. 

Syllabus of Course in Municipal Sociology: 

(1) Introduction. The city in its relation to civilization. 

(2) History. Ancient and medieval cities. Their relation to political, 
social and economic progress. 

(3) Growth of Modern Cities. Causes and consequences of rapid 
urbanization. Statistics, composition and distribution, race and 
occupations. 

(4) Special Problems. 

A dministra tio n. 

(a) City charters, (b) Relation of city and state, (c) The mayor- 
qualifications, term of office, powers, (d) The composition and duties of 
the council, (e) The commission, federal and city manager form of 
government, (f) Initiative, referendum, recall, the preferential ballot, 
(g) The organization and control of departments, (h) Finances — methods 
of taxation, appropriations, uniform systems of accounting, (i) The grant- 
ing of franchises— duration, resumption. (j) Control of quasi-public 
corporations, such as the telegraph, telephone, express, gas and electric 
light, and street railway companies. 

Health. 

(a) The housing problem — tenements, overcrowding, plumbing, inspec- 
tion, model tenements, (b) Streets — cleaning, disposition of city waste, 
beautifying, regulation of use. (c) Parks, playgrounds, public baths, 
recreation piers, etc. (d) The control and prevention of disease. The 
board of health, sanitary police, etc. 



66 



Morals. 

(a) The prevention and punishment of crime. City magistrates' courts. 
Juvenile courts. The organization and control of the police, (b) The 
liquor traffic and the saloon. License or prohibition? Suppression or 
substitution? (c) Prostitution — causes, consequences, methods of sup- 
pression or control, (d) Amusements — theaters, motion pictures, dance 
halls, circuses, games. Extent of municipal responsibility, (e) Indecent 
pictures and literature, gambling, etc. 

Philanthropy. 

(a) Care of dependents — orphans, paupers, etc. (b) Care of defect- 
ives — idiots, insane, etc. (c) Care of delinquents — young criminals. 
Juvenile courts. Reform schools. 

Education. 

(a) Aim of public education. (b) Courses of study — nature and 
extent, (c) Control. Laws. School board and officers, (d) Teachers — 
qualifications, character, sex, religious relation, salaries, pensions, etc. (e) 
School extension — wider utilization of school buildings, vacation schools, 
municipal lectures, concerts, etc. 

(5) Unofficial Agencies for Municipal Betterment. 

(a) The Church, especially the institutional church, (b) The Young 
Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations, (c) University and 
social settlements, (d) Municipal and civic leagues, (e) Playgrounds, 
etc. 

Special lectures 1916 presented : The city council, commission form 
of government, the board of health, the police, the juvenile court, city 
planning, motion pictures, social centers, friendly visiting, union relief, 
children's aid society, the problem of the unemployed. 

Visits are required at a certain number of the following organizations : 
Fire department, Hampden county jail, Hampden county almshouse, the 
Merg reduction plant, police court, the common council, Northampton 
state asylum, Westfield state sanitarium, the Wayfarers' lodge, Brightside. 

21. Economics 

Professor Burr, Senior year, fall term, five hours per week, 65 points 
or 6y 2 units. 

The following subjects will be emphasized by lectures and class dis- 
cussions : 

The social elements in economic life. 
Individualism, socialism and mutualism. 

The labor movement, (a) Organization, (b) wages, (c) conditions, (d) 
strikes and boycotts, (e) the labor vote. 

Modern capitalism. Commercial, industrial and political power of cor- 
porations. 



67 



Industrial arbitration and conciliation. The movement towards indus- 
trial peace. 

Money and banking. 

Business custom and law. 

Social justice and the new social spirit. 

Text-book: "Principles of Economics," Seager. 

22. Sociology 

Professor Cheney, Sophomore year, spring term, five hours per week, 
55 points or 5 l / 2 units. Sociology is the science of social progress. 
Subject-matter of sociology. 
Origin and classification of the social forces. 

Nature of the social forces, (a) Ontogenetic, (b) phylogenetic, (c) 
sociogenetic. 

Action of the social forces in the spontaneous development of society. 

Origin and nature of the telic agent. 

Action of the telic agent in social achievement. 

Text-books : "Sociology," Dealey and Ward ; "Principles of Sociology," 
Giddings. 

23. Social Psychology 

Professor Burr, Junior year, winter term, five hours per week, 55 points 
or SY2 units. 

Social psychology, the youngest of the social sciences, and one of the 
most interesting, discusses problems which are of special importance to 
prospective leaders. These are some of the themes : 

(1) The formation of psychic groups. Laws and types. 

(2) The action of the "mob mind." 

(3) The psychology of leadership. 

(4) The development, choice and use of leaders. 

(5) The influence of fashion, convention, custom and public opinion. 

(6) Agents of social control. 
Text-book : "Social Psychology," Ross. 

24. Comparative Religions 

Professor Burr, Junior year, fall term, five hours per week, 65 points 
or 6]/ 2 units. 

This course takes up a study of the great religions of the world. It 
furnishes an historic background for the study of the history of Chris- 
tianity and is an excellent preparation for the study of modern missions. 
It is of great value for Association officers preparing for work in non- 
Christian lands. It shows the ethical elements in the non-Christian reli- 
gions, and at the same time brings out the spiritual superiority of the 
religion of Christ. The course is given in lectures and requires a con- 
siderable use of the library. Menzie's "History of Religions" is used as 
a guidebook. 



68 



25. World Politics 

Junior year. Fall term, five hours per week, 65 points or 6y 2 units. 

1. Summary of European History since 1815. 

(1) The development of France. 

(2) The development of England. 

(3) The development of Germany. 

(4) The development of Italy. 

(5) The development of Austro-Hungary. 

(6) The development of Russia. 

2. Problems of the Near East. 

(1) The Balkans. 

(2) The Ottoman Empire. 

3. Problems of the Far East. 

(1) Japan. 

(2) China. 

(3) India. 

4. The United States and World Politics. 

(1) In relation to Europe. 

(2) In relation to the Orient. 

(3) In relation to South America and Mexico. 

(4) In relation to Canada. 



26. World Sociology 

Junior year, winter term, five hours per week, 55 points or 5^2 units. 
A study of modern national life emphasizing : 

1. Psychology of leading nations, psychology of peoples. 

2. Distinctive social and political institutions. 

3. Economic resources and industrial and commercial activities. 

4. Philanthropic, educational and religious institutions and achieve- 
ments. 

5. The extension of Christian culture and institutions in the twentieth 
century. 

27. World Classics by Translation 

Junior year, winter and spring terms, five hours per week, 110 points 
or 11 units. 

The object of this course is to make the student acquainted with the 
great literatures of the world. The way to understand a people is to know 
their art, as true art is the highest interpretation of the inner life of a 
nation. This is especially true of literature. 

This course is conducted through the best English translations. In this 
way the student becomes familiar with typical forms of literary art, 
perceives the evolution of thought and is introduced to many of the leading 



69 



writers from the classic period to the present. Students entering this 
course must have at least one year's credits in English literature of college 
grade. 

This study includes the evolution of three distinct forms of art — the 
epic, the drama and the novel. 

(1) The Epic and Narrative Poems. 

The study takes up the most characteristic portions of the Iliad, the 
Odyssey and the ^Eneid. Selections are made from Dante's Divine 
Comedy and Goethe's Faust. 

(2) The Drama. 

This study begins with the Greek tragedies and selections are made from 
^Eschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. The study of the modern drama 
includes translations from Moliere and Ibsen. 

(3) The Novel. 

This is one of the chief forms of expression of modern thought. Selec- 
tions are made from the representative novelists of France and Russia. 
These include Victor Hugo, Balzac, Tolstoi and Dostoievski. 

The course is designed to cultivate literary taste, an appreciation of the 
beautiful in life and to train the moral sense through a study of great 
ethical teachers. 

28. Business Administration 

Junior year, five hours per week, 175 points or \7y 2 units. 

The rapid development of the great property interests of the Young 
Men's Christian Association has made ever greater the demand for leaders 
of executive ability. The modern Association secretary must be able to 
administer large affairs and in an increasing measure to make complex 
organization effective. It is most essential that he have a thorough grasp 
of general business principles. 

The course in business administration aims to give instruction in the 
fundamental facts and principles of business, thus laying a broad founda- 
tion of business knowledge for the prospective Association executive. 

This course precedes the specialized course of Association Administra- 
tion or Methods to which a year is given. The subjects are treated as 
extensively as the conditions of time permit. 

Instruction 

(1) Business Organisation. 
The general underlying principles. 

(2) Management. 

A discussion of the executive and his control of men. Efficiency methods 
and scientific management. 

(3) Accounting. 

A clear understanding is given of the principles which underlie all cor- 
rect methods of keeping financial records. 



70 

(4) Insurance. 

(5) Commercial Law. 

This section explains the nature, formation, operation and discharge of 
contracts. 

(6) Investments. 

Brief consideration is given to the science underlying investment. The 
various types of bonds and stocks are discussed in detail. 

(7) Advertising. 

A consideration of the basic principles of advertising. The preparation 
of advertising copy, including the form, typography, etc., is discussed. 

(8) Auditing and Cost Accounting. 

The duties of the auditor and principles of cost accounting. 

(9) Salesmanship. 

The basic principles upon which the science of salesmanship is founded, 
the psychology of salesmanship, knowledge of self and of human nature, 
character analysis. 

(10) Personal Efficiency. 

A personal application of efficiency principles, standardizing personal 
operations and conditions, schedules, records, etc. 

Business Practice 

The College affords considerable opportunity for practical experience 
in applying the general principles developed in the course in Business 
Administration. This practical work is standardized and definitely super- 
vised. 

1. Managerial Practice. 

Student positions and work involving the control of men. 

(1) Student Association officers. 

(2) Team captains. 

(3) Leaders of boys' clubs, scouts, social centers, etc. 

2. Accounting. 

(1) Team managers. 

(2) Class treasurers. 

(3) Student store. 

(4) Woods Hall. 

3. Personal Efficiency. 

The development of personal standards for all operations and conditions. 
For example — study, reading, social recreation, personal finance, exercise, 
miscellaneous improvement. 



71 



4. Salesmanship. 

(1) Securing advertisements — catalog, Massasoit, Student Handbook. 

(2) Salesmanship positions in Springfield stores. 

(3) Membership secretary Student Association. 

(4) Circulation manager Springfield Student. 

(5) Actual solicitation in connection with church, etc. 

5. Exhibits. 

(1) Model equipment of Young Men's Christian Association office. 

(2) Time and labor-saving devices for Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion work. 

6. Visitations. 

(1) Young Men's Christian Association tours. 

(2) Young Men's Christian Association College office. 

(3) Business institutions — department store, bank, factory, etc. 

To introduce the student into the atmosphere of business life, the 
active cooperation of business men is sought in the work of instruction. 
Lectures are given by representatives of the following professions — bank- 
ing, real estate, insurance, advertising, salesmanship and corporate manage- 
ment. 

29. Association Bookkeeping 

Miss Richardson, Senior year, winter term, four weeks, five hours per 
week, 20 points or 2 units. 

This course presumes a proficiency in the principles of ordinary book- 
keeping. Students who have not this acquaintance must secure it before 
entering the Senior year. The aim of this course is to fit the student to 
keep the books of a Young Men's Christian Association. The loose leaf 
system, arranged by Mr. L. B. Baker for local Young Men's Christian 
Associations, is followed. This system is in operation in the financial 
office of the College. Students not only receive instruction, but each man 
makes out a complete set of accounts covering a period of two months' 
activities and makes a financial statement showing the standing of the 
Association in every department up to date. 

30. Camp Craft 

Professor Affleck, Freshman year, spring term, 5 hours per week, 55 
points or S l / 2 units. 

The time is spent in camp with practice and training in all phases of tent 
pitching, fire building, bed making, cooking, etc., and with camp as center, 
the surrounding territory is used as a laboratory for actual practice in the 
various outdoor studies and activities. Boy scouting is given a prominent 
place, especially with students in the boys' work course who have two 
extra afternoons per week devoted especially to scouting. 



72 



31. Secretarial Seminar 

Dr. Doggett, Professors Burr, Cheney and Seerley, Senior year. A 
thesis counts 175 points or 17^ units. The object of this course is to 
study the habits and lives of young men, to study at first-hand the docu- 
mentary sources of the Young Men's Christian Association, and to learn 
the art of original investigation. Much of the success of the Young Men's 
Christian Association of the future will depend upon a scientific study of 
the habits and lives and characteristics of young men and boys. We need 
to know what young men are thinking about, how much money they earn, 
how they earn it and how they spend it, how they spend their leisure time, 
what is their social life, what is their religious life, how it should find 
expression, the temptations of young men and boys and how to meet 
them. A rich, unworked field is presented to the student in the many 
undeveloped themes in Association history and by its unsolved problems. 
Another object of the seminar is to fit the secretary to study his field. 
Many of the theses are sociological studies in Springfield, or investiga- 
tions which develop the power of observation and research. In the Senior 
year a thesis is prepared on a theme agreed upon between the student 
and one of the instructors. Students are allowed to prepare a thesis 
with any of the instructors in the College. The theses will be examined 
by a committee of the faculty consisting of Professor Burr, Dr. McCurdy 
and Professor Cheney. Each student will be expected to present his thesis 
for criticism and discussion at a public meeting of the seminar. The 
coming year elective seminars will be carried on as follows : Boys' Work, 
Professor Cheney; Sex Hygiene, Dr. Seerley; Religious Education, Dr. 
Doggett. Attendance upon a seminar session of two hours counts as 
one point. 

Students in the seminar are expected to devote one hour daily during 
the Senior year to research. The historical and physical libraries available 
to students make this work of great value. At the beginning of the fall 
term Dr. Doggett will meet all Seniors for a few lectures on methods of 
original investigations. 

Leading Association workers are also invited from time to time to 
address these gatherings. The appointments for the College year 1916- 
1917 will be found on pages 12 and 13. 

Student Theses, 1916-1917. 

G. W. Anger, "Executive Qualifications of an Association Secretary." 
A. W. Barbour, "Safeguarding the Health of the Industrial Worker." 
R. B. Campbell, "The Psychology of Scouting." 

C. E. Crissey, "The United States Army Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion." 

C. F. Dahlgren, "The Forward Step for Boys." 

E. L. Damkroger, "Digests of Magazine Articles for 1915-1916 — Dealing 

with the Human Factor in Industry and Industrial Betterment." 
E. H. Ellis, "Latest Developments in Work with Boys." 
C. P. Hammerstein, "State Boys' Camp." 



73 



R. C. Handley, "Electricity for the Farm." 

Cecil Hastings, "Influence of Economic Conditions upon Morals." 

T. B. Hill, "The Problems of European Young Men in India." 

P. E. Hitchcock, "Drifting Toward Socialism." 

A. T. Leary, "America's Greatest Problem — Its Youth." 

R. G. Leonard, "Argentine, the Land of Christian Opportunity." 

L. H. Libby, "Handbook for Local Leaders of the County Y. M. C. A." 

K. H. Purdy, "Student Employment Bureaus." 

J. D. Roake, "The Effect of Environment upon the Employed Boy." 
H. J. Rutherford, "A Sociological Survey of East Longmeadow." 
George Sully, "The Student Association of the American Preparatory 
School." 

32. Practical Work 

Students must secure a minimum of 60 points or 6 units in normal 
practice. 

Unusual opportunities are offered for practical work and for getting an 
inside view of Association management. The Springfield, Holyoke and 
Westfield Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large member- 
ships, furnish every facility to see and participate in the various phases of 
Association activity. 

In addition to the normal practice in religious work, the secretarial 
students have opportunities for developing their powers along executive, 
educational and social lines, in which 40 points are required each year. 
Not only must the secretary be a religious leader, he must be a business 
manager as well. In fact, this qualification is of vital importance for his 
greatest success. He must be able to bring things to pass, to organize 
and to make complex organization effective. Executive positions in con- 
nection with the student Association, the senate, Springfield Student and 
classbook afford valuable training for a number of men. Laboratory 
experience in executive work is also given the student in the organiz- 
ing of boys' clubs, in Sunday schools and among the working boys, 
and in directing the activities of the young people's organizations in 
the churches, etc. Recognizing the importance of the development of 
executive ability, at least one-fourth of the total number of points 
required must be gained in executive work. 

The opportunities for educational work with immigrants are being taken 
advantage of. Springfield and its suburban towns have a large number of 
Italians, Russians, Swedes, Syrians, Jews, etc., among whom an educational 
work is being done with student teachers which gives promise of gratifying 
results. Besides the classes in English, classes in civics have been formed 
and health talks regarding hygiene, sanitation, etc., are given. 

The social leadership is developed by social committee service in the 
student Association, by social work at the boys' club and in the churches 
and by entertainments and outings with groups of boys. 

Unusual opportunities are offered for gaining an intimate knowledge of 
the practical management of the Association. The Springfield Young 



74 



Men's Christian Associations furnish every facility to see and participate 
in the various phases of the Association activities. A series of confer- 
ences are held each year at the Association building with the heads of the 
various departments, when the practical side of all phases of Association 
work is discussed. A careful study is also made of the management of 
the office. The men are enabled to see the committee work in operation 
and occasionally to visit a board meeting. 

Junior Tour, 12 points or 1 unit. At the close of the winter term 
the Juniors spend three days in Boston and vicinity visiting the Young 
Men's Christian Associations and other agencies for social and religious 
service among young men and boys. The splendid new equipment of 
the Boston Association makes this trip of unusual value. 

Senior Tour, 35 points or 2> l / 2 units. At the close of the winter term 
of the Senior year, a tour is made of the Associations at Bridgeport, 
Brooklyn, New York City, Philadelphia and Washington. This tour, 
taken under the direction of members of the faculty, gives an opportunity 
to study the actual workings of a large number of Associations. It is 
quite different from a convention where Association topics are discussed. 
On this tour, by arrangements beforehand with the employed men of the 
Associations, from one half hour to an hour's interview is held in the office 
in which the work is carried on. The past year some twenty different 
Associations and institutions were visited, and conferences were held with 
sixty different employed men on various phases of Association work. This 
included twelve directors of Association and college gymnasiums, twelve 
international and state secretaries and twenty-six secretaries of city Asso- 
ciations. The class was enabled to see the physical work in the gymna- 
siums of Yale, Columbia and Pennsylvania Universities, and in one of the 
New York City schools. 

33. Physical Training 

One of the great contributions of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion to modern religious life is the discovery of the value of the physical 
approach to boys and young men. The use of plays and games, summer 
camps and the gymnasium as a means for religious education has not only 
greatly enlarged religious thought, but it has proved a practical means of 
winning men to Christian living. All secretaries and boys' directors need 
to understand the problems of physical education, not only that they may 
be able to promote from the administrative side the work of the physical 
department, but that they may, as opportunity offers, use this means for 
direct influence with boys and young men. 

Freshman year, Professor Betzler, one hour per day, five days per week, 
175 points or 17^ units. The first-year secretarial students have a thorough 
course in gymnastics, athletics and aquatics. Throughout the course em- 
phasis is placed upon the development of organic vigor and the preparation 
of the students for a life of strenuous work. During the fall the men 
have for the first eight weeks soccer practice. They may elect rugby 
football with the physical class. During the indoor season the class is 



given an all-round graded course in gymnastics, athletics, aquatics and 
games. Theory discussions are given as a part of the floor work. 

Sophomore year, Professor Betzler, one hour per day, three days per 
week, 115 points or 11 ^2 units. 

Junior year, Professor Betzler, one hour per day, two days per week, 
70 points or 7 units. 

Senior year, Professor Betzler, fall and winter terms, one hour per day, 
two days per week, 50 points or 5 units. 

The Sophomore, Junior and Senior years pursue a regular progressive 
course in gymnastics, games, athletics and aquatics. During the Junior 
and Senior years opportunities are given for the development of class 
leadership. During the Senior year special attention is given to the de- 
velopment of tennis. 

Graduation 

(1) Degrees. 

The basis of the secretarial course is a study of humanics ; that is, the 
study of human nature — spiritual, intellectual, social and physical. It 
gives men a religious education and fits for social and religious service. 
Students who have fulfilled the requirements for admission described on 
page 120, who complete the three years' secretarial course, receiving on an 
average a grade not less than 80 per cent, and on their theses a grade 
not lower than worthy of praise, will be recommended to the trustees by 
the faculty for the degree of Bachelor of Humanics (B.H.). 

(2) Diplomas. 

Students who are not high school graduates, but who have fulfilled the 
requirements for admission "in English, mathematics and history described 
on pages 120 and 121, and who have completed the secretarial course of 
study and presented a thesis with a grade not lower than satisfactory, will 
be recommended by the faculty to the trustees for diplomas and will rank 
as graduates of the College. 



76 



County Work Course 

Faculty 

President Doggett 

Professor Cheney, Director of Secretarial Course 
Professor Campbell, Director of County Work Course 

Committee for County Work Course 

Horace A. Moses, Springfield, Mass., Chairman 
Winthrop M. Crane, Jr., Dalton, Mass. 

Albert E. Roberts, County Work Secretary, International Committee, 
New York City 

Kenyon L. Butterfield, President, Massachusetts Agricultural College, 

Amherst, Mass. 
Gifford Pinchot, Philadelphia, Pa. 

General Statement 

The Young Men's Christian Association was at first a city organization 
devoted chiefly to helping the commercial class of young men in our 
modern cities. Very quickly, however, this work became adapted to 
special classes of young men, first students, then railroad men and later 
men in the army and navy and many other groups. 

For twenty-five years there has been a determined effort to adapt the 
work of the Association to young men in rural communities. Robert 
Weidensall, the first secretary of the International Committee, who has 
pioneered so many Association undertakings, has been a leader in this 
work. Over one hundred employed officers are now engaged in promoting 
county work under the auspices of the Young Men's Christian Association. 

The chief obstacle to the further progress of this movement was the 
lack of properly qualified leaders. It was to meet this increasing demand 
that the county work course was established at Springfield in the summer 
of 1914. Mr. Walter J. Campbell was invited to take charge. Mr. 
Campbell is a graduate of Princeton University and also of Princeton 
Theological Seminary. After several years' experience in a rural church 
he became a county work secretary, serving first in a local field and 
later in the service of the New York State Committee and the Pennsyl- 
vania State Committee. His eight years' experience in this department 
has amply qualified him for this position. 

The county work secretaryship calls for nien of independence of char- 
acter, personal leadership and an indefatigable, earnest purpose. Under 
such leadership there is no doubt of abundant success. The rural field in 
spite of the growth of the modern city still contains the larger number of 
young men. These young men are responsive to the work of the Young 
Men's Christian Association and the county work secretaryship offers an 
unsurpassed opportunity for a life of useful service. The response which 
this new move has awakened, both on the part of the county work 



77 



brotherhood and on the part of men looking forward to definite religious 
service in the country, amply justifies belief in its timeliness. While 
the course of study has been arranged primarily for the training of 
county secretaries for the Young Men's Christian Association, it furnishes 
an admirable supplementary course of study for the rural preacher or 
other rural leader. 

A Four Years' Course 

To meet the demand for adequately equipped men and likewise to pro- 
vide the necessary background in agricultural science, a four years' course 
has been established, three years of which will be taken at Springfield 
College and one year at the Massachusetts Agricultural College at 
Amherst. The course will be arranged — the first and second years at 
Springfield, the third year at Amherst and the fourth year at Spring- 
field. Students completing this course will be given the degree of 
Bachelor of Humanics (B.H.). Students taking the three years' course at 
Springfield without the additional year at Amherst will be graduated 
with a diploma. 

34. County Work — History and Methods 

Professor Campbell, Senior year, three terms, five hours per week, 175 
points or \7 x / 2 units. 

I. The History of County Work and the Evolution of the County Work 

Idea. 

1. The first local rural Association. 

2. The county organization. 

3. The county secretary. 

4. The state department committee and state county work secretary. 

5. The International county work department and secretaries. 

6. Training centers. 

7. Elements of strength and weakness shown by the line of historical 
development. 

II. The Philosophy of County Work. 

1. County work fundamentals. 

2. Principles of religious work, Bible study, personal work, educational 
work, physical work and boys' work. 

III. The Sociology of County Work. 

1. The field — intensive and extensive. 

2. Analysis of a county. 

3. Social groupings — normal and abnormal. 

4. Place of county work among the rural social forces. 

IV. Organization. 

1. County work plan— international, state, county and local. 

2. Development. 

3. Relationships. 



78 



V. Personal. 

1. The county secretary and his work. 

2. The county committeeman. 

3. The local leader. 

4. Leadership discovery and development. 

5. The personal life of the secretary. 

VI. Practice and Problems. 

1. Finances and the administration of the budget. 

2. Conventions and institutes. 

3. Corresponding membership. 

4. Departmental activities — religious, educational, social and physical. 

5. Summer activities and camps. 

6. Extension work. 

7. Inter-Association activities. 

8. Cooperative activities. 

9. Business administration and development of a permanent constitu- 
ency. 

VII. Homiletics of County Work. 

1. Leadership training. 

2. Publicity. 

35. Rural Economics 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, fall term, five hours per week, 
65 points or 6 l / 2 units. 

This course is devoted to the study of the public and social aspects of 
the agricultural industry. No one can be regarded as a safe leader or 
sane counselor in public affairs who does not realize that the most funda- 
mental of all our economic problems is that of the relation of the people 
to the source of the food supply in the soil itself. The deepest problem 
of statesmanship is that of economizing, utilizing and conserving this 
potential food supply. 

A general philosophical background for the study of the rural economy 
of the present is set up through the discussion of the place of agriculture 
in the general problem of human adjustment. The following topics are 
stressed by lecture, classroom discussion and independent research on 
the part of the student. 

I. The Historical Background of Modern Agriculture. 

II. The Factors of Agricultural Production. 

1. Land. 

2. Labor. 

3. Capital. 

4. Management. 



79 



III. The Distribution of the Agricultural Income. 

1. Rent. 

2. Wages. 

3. Interest. 

4. Profits. 

IV. The Problems of Rural Social Life. 

1. Tenantry. 

2. Absentee Landlordism. 

V. The Literature of Rural Economics. 
Text-book: "Rural Economics," Carver. 

36. Rural Sociology 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, winter term, five hours per week, 
55 points or 5% units. 

I. The Rural Community. 

1. Rural migration — causes and results. 

2. Social conditions and life of rural people — their influence on per- 
sonal and institutional life. 

3. Consequent problems — health, delinquency, dependency, morality, 
child labor. 

4. Standards of living, cultural ideals. 

5. Community consciousness and activity. 

6. Business and political ethics. 

II. Social Groupings. 

I. Types of communities and characteristic temper of mind. 

III. The Literature of Rural Life. 

Text-books : "Outline of Sociology," Blackman and Gillin ; "Constructive 
Rural Sociology," Gillette. 

37. Rural Institutional Life 

Professor Campbell, Sophomore year, spring term, five hours per week, 
55 points or 5^2 units. 

A study of the organized agencies by which rural communities give 
expression to various forms of associated life and their contribution to 
rural betterment — domestic, economic, cultural, religious and political. 

Special attention is given to the rural family, the rural school and the 
rural church. 

In addition to the usual lecture and classroom discussion method, much 
attention will be given to first-hand survey investigations and community 
studies. 



so 



Text-books: "The Challenge of the Country," Fiske; "Rural Life and 
Education," Cubberly ; "The American Rural School," Foght ; "The Evolu- 
tion of the Country Community," Wilson; "Rural Manhood," "The 
Country Church and the Rural Problems," Butterfield. 

38. Courses in Cooperation with the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College, Amherst 

Junior year, three terms. 

The purpose of this cooperation with the Agricultural College is not 
at all to make scientific agriculturists, but rather to connect up in an 
intelligent and intimate manner the rural religious worker with the 
machinery of agriculture that he may cooperate effectively with the 
multitude of agencies now giving thought and attention to the economic, 
social and educational needs of the farmer. 

I. The Organisation and Development of Rural Community Life. 

1. Cooperative Organisation and Marketing. Dr. Cance and Professor 
Ferguson. The characteristics of New England agriculture as an indus- 
try — land, labor, markets, transportation, farmers' business organizations. 

2. The Redirection of Rural Education. Professor Hart and Pro- 
fessor Morton. Courses of study — supervision, preparation of teachers, 
the place of the school in the social organism, boys' and girls' club work. 

3. Application of Sociology and Economics to Community Development. 
Professor Morgan. Methods of work, etc. 

4. Rural Organisation. President Butterfield. An analysis of the main 
elements in the question of American rural development — rural adjustment, 
rural policy, national statesmanship in rural affairs. 

5. Civic Improvement. Professor Waugh and Mr. Ellwood. How to 
carry on civic improvement — technical problems and the principles in- 
volved, its relation to general community development. 

II. Additional courses offered for Springfield men at Amherst are as 
follows : 

Soil Fertility. 
Field Crops. 
Marketing. 
Fruit Growing. 
Poultry. 

Rural Sanitary Science. 
New England Rural Life. 
Botany. 

III. Frequent seminar periods of two hours each are held for the in- 
formal discussion of vital topics in the field of agricultural organiza- 
tion, extension or practice. 



81 

39. Physical Work 

The gospel of wholesome play and the moral reactions of clean athletics 
are lessons which the country is only beginning to learn. The value of the 
physical approach to the life of the boy and young man has been recognized 
by the Association, and the country boy is no exception except possibly 
that there is need of special emphasis on the ministry of play and recrea- 
tion in breaking down the ill effects of drudgery and isolation. 

In physical work the county work students take the same course as 
the secretarial men, including gymnastics, athletics and aquatics. Addi- 
tional emphasis is placed on the mastery of a varied curriculum of games, 
involving little or no equipment, the promotion and supervision of athletic 
meets and play festivals and pageants. 

40. Normal Practice 

Students must secure a minimum of 60 points or 6 units in normal prac- 
tice for graduation. 

No amount of theoretical knowledge will ever make an efficient county 
secretary unless he is able to translate his theory into practical achieve- 
ment when confronted with the challenge of need, whether it be the lead- 
ing of a group of boys or the redirecting of the life and ideals of a 
community. Through the cooperation of the County Work Department 
of the Massachusetts State Committee in Hampden County and adjoining 
counties, abundant opportunity is afforded for testing the qualifications of 
the men in practical effort. No man will be allowed to graduate from the 
county work course who is not able to handle his normal work acceptably 
to the director of the course and the Massachusetts State County Work 
Secretary. The variety of opportunity for experience is suggested by the 
different types of activity promoted by the county work students the past 
season, i.e., boy scouts, boys' brigades, rural Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciations, men's brotherhoods, Sunday school teachers and superintendents, 
religious deputations, play demonstrations. Six country churches supplied 
regularly — community surveys, rural home and organization census work, 
fathers' and sons' banquets, Sunday school teachers' training classes. 

41. Weidensall Literary Society 

A voluntary organization of students for the study and discussion of 
rural life problems and literature and for personal development in char- 
acter and in facility and power in public debate. This new literary so- 
ciety, while not limited in membership to county work men, gives its 
attention nevertheless to rural life topics. The society meets each Mon- 
day evening throughout the year and combines in its program the func- 
tions of a social organization, a literary society and a seminar. 

42. Thesis 

A thesis prepared under the supervision of one of the members of the 
faculty is required for graduation. 



Physical Course 



Faculty 

President Doggett. 

Doctor McCurdy, Director; Physiology of Exercise, Diagnosis, Adminis- 
tration 

Professor Berry; Chemistry, Physiology, Gymnastics, Athletics 
Professor Affleck ; History of Physical Training, Hygiene, Anthropome- 
try, Field Science, Aquatics 
Professor Johnson; Mathematics, Physics, Normal Work 
Professor Schroeder; Playground Administration, Gymnastics, Athletics, 
Normal Work 

Professor Betzler; Anatomy, Massage, Medical Gymnastics, Physical 

Examinations, Gymnastics 
Professor Young; Histology 

Tutors 

F. H. Andraud; Fencing 
H. D. Babcock; Pianist 
F. J. Beier; Aquatics 

E. Benatre; Soccer 

F. A. Bode; Gymnastics 
T. W. Booth; Track 

E. E. Bretschneider; Wrestling 

H. C. Buck ; Rugby, Gymnastics, Track, Playgrounds 

T. F. Bullen; Baseball 

H. O. Dresser; Baseball 

R. A. Esbjornson; Gymnastics 

R. C. Frank ; Pianist 

G. E. Goss; Rugby, Soccer, Aquatics, Baseball 
C. L. Graham ; Baseball 

P. S. Graham ; Normal Work 
R. E. Habermann; Baseball 
L. R. Harvey; Baseball, Track 

H. H. N. Hillebrandt; Gymnastics 
S. Hinman ; Track 

H. Hoogesteger; Rugby, Gymnastics 

C. E. Horton; Gymnastics 

H. H. House; Baseball 

J. W. Jefferson ; Gymnastics 

H. W. Jenkins; Track 

F. L. Jouannet; Gymnastics, Aquatics 
L. J. Judd; Gymnastics 

L. G. Kranz; Gymnastics 
R. H. Long; Aquatics 



83 



D. R. McIntyre; Soccer 

J. E. Middagh ; Gymnastics 

R. Mitterling; Baseball 

R. Nickerson ; Boxing 

P. Otto; Gymnastics, Aquatics 

W. D. Owl; Baseball 

W. C. Parker; Soccer 

R. H. Peters ; Baseball, Rugby 

R. W. Peters ; Dancing 

H. Roberts ; Soccer, Gymnastics 

R. R. Sermon; Baseball 

J. H. Smith ; Soccer, Gymnastics, Aquatics, Baseball, Track 
G. T. Stafford; Rugby, Gymnastics 

S. C. Staley; Soccer, Gymnastics, Aquatics, Baseball, Track 

G. H. Taylor; Baseball 

E. A. Thorn; Aquatics 

R. L. Tichenor; Soccer, Track 
C. D. Todd; Camping 

H. W. S. Van Arsdale; 7Vac& 
W. C. Wade; Physiology 

R. B. Whetstone; Rugby 
W. H. Whiting; Soccer 
W. S. Williams; Baseball 
C. C. Wilson; Gymnastics 
M. G. Zielminski; Baseball 



General Statement 

This teachers' course in physical education plans definitely to do two 
things: First, the course aims to give a thorough technical training in 
the theory and practice of physical education in all its branches. Second, 
the course endeavors to coordinate all the studies and activities in religious 
and physical education into a coherent whole which shall develop physical 
education leaders who are also the religious leaders and character-build- 
ers of the adolescent youth. It aims to assist in the formation not only 
of a curriculum of instruction, but a curriculum of activity related to 
health and moral development. 

There is no part of the country where athletics are more fostered, where 
the college athletic teams are better trained or where the local Young 
Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their physical work 
than in New England. 

The students visit the majority of the following named first-class 
gymnasiums during their course : The Association gymnasiums at Boston, 
Providence, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York — Twenty-third 
Street, West Side, Harlem, Brooklyn ; Philadelphia ; college gymnasiums — 
Harvard, Amherst, Yale, Columbia, New York Athletic Club, University 



84 



of Pennsylvania ; schools of gymnastics — Sargent Normal School, Welles- 
ley College teachers' course. 

Nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained 
with so little expenditure of time and money. 

The fine gymnasium of the local Association affords illustration of a 
model work. A well-organized course in physical training is conducted in 
the Springfield public schools under the direction of alumni of the College. 

The location of the College upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excel- 
lent opportunity for training in swimming, boating, canoeing and skating. 
A portion of the field is flooded and a rink constructed for ice hockey. 

The rise of the playground movement and the increased demands in 
recent years for physical directors for schools and colleges, have led to 
the addition of a course in methods devoted to these departments. As 
the playground work comes largely in the summer time many of the 
students are enabled to secure appointments for the vacation season. 

Men in the Junior and Senior years who have low physical practice 
grades will be required to elect additional practice periods. 

Graduation Requirements. 

Degrees. The basis of this course is the studies which fit a man for 
thorough scientific work in physical training. Students who have fulfilled 
the requirements for admission described on page 120, who complete the 
four years' physical course, receiving in each subject a grade of not less 
than 80 per cent, and on their theses a grade not lower than worthy of 
praise, will be recommended to the trustees by the faculty for the degree 
of Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.E.). 

College graduates are required to take for graduation eight theory 
courses (i.e., twenty hours per week for two years), of which three are 
in religious education or allied subjects and five in physical education 
theory. In physical education practice they are required to complete the 
work for the last three years. 

Diplomas. Students who are not high school graduates, but who have 
fulfilled the requirements for admission in English, mathematics, history, 
physics and chemistry, described on pages 120 and 121, and who have 
completed the three years' physical course of study for diploma men with 
a grade of 70 per cent, will be recommended by the faculty to the trustees 
for diplomas and will rank as graduates of the College. 

Physical Education Theory 

The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall be able 
to make an intelligent examination of a person who comes to him for 
advice ; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food, 
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and in general all those topics which are 
related to "living at one's best"; to put men into the condition of highest 
vitality and effectiveness in any line is his first work. He must take into 
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind and 



85 



must understand their mutual effects. He must be able to make his 
gymnasium and play fields places of real recreation as well as of body 
building. 

To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws 
(anatomy, physiology and hygiene). He must have a detailed knowledge 
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He 
must know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of 
any physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the funda- 
mental relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his 
bodily, mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know 
what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be 
able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs and other 
organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test 
men and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry). 
He must know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gym- 
nastics sent to him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must 
have at his service the experience of those of the past (history, literature, 
philosophy of physical training). He must be perfectly familiar with all 
the work which he is to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics, 
games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the management 
of the physical department of the institutions with which he will probably 
be connected (Young Men's Christian Association, college, school, play- 
ground, boys' club, church clubs). Each student prepares a working bibliog- 
raphy of the subjects in the course. Instruction is given in bibliographical 
methods. 

43. Biology 

For description of the course see page 53. 

44. Anatomy 

(1) Gross Anatomy. Professor Betzler, Sophomore year, fall and 
winter terms, five hours per week, 120 points or 12 units. Gross anatomy 
of the body and its parts. The body as a machine. The course aims 
to give the anatomical knowledge basal to a thorough understanding 
of the mechanical problems in gymnastics, athletics and corrective gym- 
nastics. This includes a study of the bones, articulations, muscles, muscle 
insertions, leverage, and of the combined action of muscles and the 
mechanism of bodily movements. Demonstrations on individuals are 
conducted to illustrate the mechanical laws applied to gymnastic apparatus 
work and athletics. 

(a) Bones. A careful study is made of all of the bones of the body 
with special reference to protuberances, processes, etc., having to do with 
muscular attachments. 

(b) Ligaments. A thorough study is made of the joints of the body 
including the synovial membranes, ligaments and muscular attachments 
with special attention to those joints most likely to be injured in athletic 



86 



contests, such as the knee, shoulder and ankle. A careful study of flat 
foot is made. 

(c) Muscles. Muscles are studied with respect to their functions. 
Demonstrations and laboratory practice are conducted on the dissection of 
cats and on surface anatomy. 

(d) Animal Mechanism and Kinesiology. Skarstrom's "Gymnastic 
Kinesiology" is used as a text for this work, supplemented by special 
lectures, discussions and demonstrations, members of the class serving 
as models for illustrating the correct and incorrect way of doing exercises 
in calisthenics and in gymnasium apparatus work. For the latter purpose 
the class assemble on the gymnasium floor and the mechanical principles 
involved in fundamental exercises such as the upstart, uprise, body circles, 
giant circles, etc., are demonstrated. 

(e) Circulation. A careful study of the heart, arterial, capillary and 
venous system is made. 

(f) Digestive Apparatus. The alimentary tract is studied by demon- 
stration with cats and models. 

(g) Nervous System. Covers a study of the brain, spinal cord, the 
main nerve tracks and the sympathetic system. 

(h) Reproductive System. A thorough study of the reproductive 
system. 

Professor Young, Freshman year, spring term, five hours per week, 55 
points or 5 l / 2 units. 

(2) Histology. Third term. The cellular structure of the various 
tissues of the body with especial reference to the functions of each. This 
course is intended to serve as a foundation for the work in physiology. 

Laboratory. An acquaintance with the tissues is aimed at rather than a 
a knowledge of microscopic technique. 

Text-books : Gray's "Anatomy," Lea Brothers, Philadelphia ; "Gymnastic 
Kinesiology," Skarstrom, American Physical Education Association, 
Springfield, Mass. ; "A Manual of Normal Histology and Organography," 
W. B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia. The laboratory fee for the course is 
$3.00. 

45. Mathematics and Physics 

(1) Algebra. Professor Johnson, Freshman year, fall term, five hours 
per week, 65 points or 6y 2 units. Text used, Hawkes' Advanced Algebra. 
The course covers a thorough review of algebra through quadratics with 
special emphasis on graphs, also taking up mathematical induction, bi- 
nomial theorem, arithmetical and geometrical progression, permutations 
and combinations, logarithms and other phases of college algebra. 

(2) Advanced Physics. Professor Johnson, Freshman year, winter 
term and part of spring term, 15 weeks, five hours per week, 75 points or 
7 l / 2 units. This course will deal with kinematics, dynamics, statics, work 
and energy, friction, machines, kinetics, gravity, mechanics of fluids and 
gases, sound, heat, magnetism and electricity. 

(3) Physiological Physics. Professor Johnson, Freshman year, latter 
part of spring term, six weeks, 30 points or 3 units. A study of the laws 



87 



of physics as applied to the problems of physiology such as the flow of 
liquids in tubes, blood pressure, blood velocity, intrapulmonic and intra- 
thoracic pressure. Physiological stimulation by induction coils, demarca- 
tion current, negative variation, osmosis, osmotic pressure. The laws of the 
lever, momentum, etc., applied to gymnastics and athletics. 

46. Chemistry 

Professor Berry, Sophomore year, five hours per week, 175 points or 
\7 l / 2 units. The object of this course is to give the student a fundamental 
preparation for the later study of physiology and hygiene in their relation 
to physical education and medicine. The requirements for admission are 
one year of secondary school chemistry. 

(1) Inorganic Chemistry. The course will review rapidly through 
lectures and recitations the groundwork preparatory to the study of the 
more difficult inorganic compounds. The laboratory work will be qualita- 
tive analysis. Fee, $5.00. 

(2) Organic Chemistry. This is a course for beginners in organic 
chemistry with lectures and laboratory exercises. Fee, $3.00. 

47. Physiology 

(1) Physiology. Professor Berry, Junior year, five hours per week, 
175 points or 17^2 units. The instruction consists of recitations, lectures 
and laboratory work. The viewpoint of the course is towards physiology 
of exercise and personal hygiene rather than medicine. It includes a 
study of circulation, respiration, digestion, absorption, excretion, metabo- 
lism, nutrition, animal heat, muscle, nerve, central nervous system and 
the special senses. 

(a) Digestion, Metabolism and Dietetics. The chemistry of digestion 
as discussed under physiological chemistry is reviewed and its application 
to metabolism is pointed out. The modern point of view regarding 
nutrition, high and low protein diet, etc., is thoroughly discussed and its 
application to training table diet and athletic performance and modern 
sedentary life is pointed out. 

(b) Circulation. Study of heart rate, blood pressure and the physics 
of the circulation, laying the foundation for the study of the effect of 
exercise upon this function. 

(c) Respiration. Study of inspired and expired air and of its appli- 
cation to ventilation, second wind, etc. 

(d) Muscles and Nerves. The problem of contraction of muscle, the 
effect of temperature, fatigue, etc., upon the muscle curve and its relation 
to athletic performance. 

(e) Central Nervous System. Function of the brain, cerebellum and 
cord. 

(f) Special Senses. 

(g) Laboratory Practice. Laboratory practice is carried on illustrat- 
ing the above, students to devote three days per week to this work. Fee, 
$3.0Q 



88 



The laboratory section is made possible by gifts of alumni and friends. 
This course includes instruction in the technique of the sphygmograph, 
sphygmomanometer, pneumograph and ergograph. The major portion of 
the experimental work at present consists of studies of the effect of exer- 
cises of speed, strength, skill and endurance on circulation, muscle and 
nerve. The instruments used are of the same pattern as the new ones used 
in the physiological laboratory of the Harvard Medical School. In addition 
to these, others have been constructed by the College mechanic. The effect 
of exercises of speed, strength, skill and endurance on heart rate, pulse 
characteristics and arterial pressure is studied in detail. In the fatigue 
studies with the ergograph, three types of instruments are used, the weight 
ergograph, the spring ergograph (isotonic method), and the spring ergo- 
graph (isometric method). On days of laboratory work, an additional 
hour of class attendance will be expected of the student. 

Text-books : Howell, "Text Book of Physiology" ; Stewart, "Manual of 
Physiology and Practical Exercises." Collateral reading: Schafer, "Text 
Book of Physiology"; Tigerstedt, "Lehrbuch der Physiologie des Men- 
schen" ; Hill, "Recent Advances in Physiology and Bio-Chemistry." 

(2) Physiology of Exercise. Dr. McCurdy, Senior year, winter term, 
five hours per week, 55 points or 5^ units. This course consists of 
lectures, laboratory work, the preparation of digests and recitations upon 
assigned subjects. Seven introductory lectures are given, showing the 
biological setting of the problems of exercise in their relation to the health 
of the individual and the race. The material for the lecture and recita- 
tion course is covered in part by the following books and periodicals. 
The required readings are starred, the others are recommended: Larned, 
Colonel C. W., "Athletics," Review for January, 1909; *Tyler, "Growth 
and Education" ; *Goddard, "Feeblemindedness, Its Causes and Conse- 
quences," Chapters 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10; Goodman, "Blood Pressure," Chapters 
1-4, inclusive; *Gulick, "Physical Education by Muscular Exercise"; 
*Drummond, "Ascent of Man" ; Walter, "Genetics" ; *Goldmark, "Fatigue 
and Efficiency"; *Cannon, "Bodily Changes in Pain, Hunger, Fear and 
Rage," Chapters 2, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 15; Crile, "Origin and Nature of the 
Emotions" ; Stiles, "The Nervous System and its Conservation," Chapters 
8 and 9; Jordan, "War and the Breed"; *Thomson, "Heredity." 

48. Hygiene 

(1) Personal. Professor Affleck, Sophomore year, winter term, five 
hours per week, 55 points or S l / 2 units. Health from the standpoint of the 
individual's condition is largely a result of the care given the body. 
Special attention is given to the following processes and organs: 

(a) Digestion. Care of teeth, selection and preparation of food, 
disorders. 

(b) Respiration. Nose, common affections, adenoids, mouth breathing, 
throat, tonsils, care of voice. Chest and lungs, posture and shape of 
thorax, types of breathing. 

(c) Circulation. Effects of various types of exercise, oxygenation of 
blood. 



89 



(d) Skin. Bathing, kind and effects. Clothing, various fabrics and 
weaves. Shoes, shape, etc. 

(e) Eye and Ear. Common difficulties, tests, glasses. 

(f) Brain and Nervous System. Fatigue, overwork, recreation. Nar- 
cotics and stimulants, precautions, sleep. 

Immunity. General vigor as condition of efficiency and precaution 
against disease. 

Text-books : "Personal Hygiene," Pyle ; "Hydrotherapy," Kellogg ; "Pro- 
longation of Life," Metchnikof ; "Science of Living," Sadler; "Care of 
the Body," Woodworth. 

(2) Public. Professor Affleck, Junior year, winter term, five hours 
per week, 55 points or 5% units. Health as influenced by individual's 
environment. The chief topics given special consideration are: Water, 
public supply, purification, etc. ; air and ventilation, impurities, methods 
of securing adequate supply; heating and lighting, requirements, adminis- 
tration; disposal of sewage and other refuse; soils, constituents and in- 
fluence ; communicable diseases and their precaution ; hospitals, quarantine, 
disinfection; climate; vital statistics. 

Text-books: "Practical Hygiene," Parkes; "Treatise on Hygiene," 
Stevenson & Murphy; "Principles of Hygiene," Bergey; "Air, Water, 
Food," Richards & Woodman ; "Practical Hygiene," Harrington ; "Hygiene 
and Sanitation," Egbert. 

(3) School. Professor Affleck, Junior year, spring term, five weeks, 
five hours per week, 25 points or 2 Y / 2 units. 

School hygiene is separately treated, including furniture, postural 
defects, growth and fatigue, the curriculum, playground, recesses, games, 
medical examination and defects. 

Text-books: "School Hygiene," Shaw; "School Hygiene," Kotelman ; 
"Medical Inspection of Schools," Gulick and Ayres. 

(4) Building. Professor Affleck, Junior year, spring term, five weeks, 
five hours per week, 25 points or I 1 /* units. 

The following are among the most important topics: Study of city, 
agencies and facilities existing for health and exercise, further needs, 
policy of Association, especially of physical department, as determining 
requirements of gymnasium, funds available for construction and main- 
tenance; location, size relation of various features of physical department 
to each other and to other departments ; lighting, amount required, sources, 
kinds and expense of artificial lighting; heating, requirements of tem- 
perature, humidity, etc.; methods, direct, indirect, various combinations; 
heating and lighting plants, ventilation ; quantity of air required, methods 
of providing and distributing, removal of impure air; details of plans, 
materials, construction, equipment and care of offices and examining rooms, 
bathrooms and fittings, natatorium, overflow, heating and filtering water, 
lockers, dressing and toilet rooms, main and auxiliary gymnasiums includ- 
ing running track and visitors' gallery, special rooms, e.g., handball, bowl- 
ing alleys, boxing, leaders' clubs, storage and supplies, etc.; janitorial 
methods. 



90 



49. Anthropometry and Physical Examinations 

Professors Affleck and Betzler, Junior year, fall term, five hours per 
week, 55 points or 5y 2 units. Treated through lectures, discussions, digests, 
assigned readings and laboratory practice. Professor Affleck will give two 
lectures per week on anthropometry. Professor Betzler will give three 
lectures or laboratory periods per week on physical measurements. 

(a) Historical. Origin of the science. Laws of human proportions. 
Sketch of military, college and public school anthropometry. 

(b) Values. Statistical and diagnostic value of measurements. Com- 
parative value of various kinds of anthropometric tables. Relative value 
and point of view for taking individual measurements. Comparative value 
and adaptation of various forms of strength tests — Intercollegiate, Kel- 
logg's, Sargent's, etc. 

(c) Statistical Methods. The ideal, type, average, mean, probable 
deviation, probable error, etc., defined and discriminated. The whole pro- 
cess of construction of anthropometric tables is demonstrated to the 
student by practical problems in their actual construction. 

The generalizing and individualizing methods of observation. The abso- 
lute annual increase in growth and the relative annual increase. The 
correlation of anatomical and physiological tests. 

(d) Laws of Growth. Comparative growth in height, weight, lung 
capacity, strength, etc. Racial, seasonal and diurnal rhythms, including 
the whole discussion of acceleration and retardation of growth and 
assigned causes. Nascent periods, age of puberty, Bowditch's law, etc. 
Changes in growth produced by environment; influence of exercise upon 
growth ; of disease ; of occupation ; nationality, etc. Physical basis of 
mental efficiency. 

(e) Types of Development. The typical college man, college woman, 
strong man, sprinter. American boys and girls. 

Text-books: "Manual for Physical Measurement" (Boys and Girls), 
Hastings; "Anthropometry and Physical Examination," Seaver; "Manual 
of Mental and Physical Tests," Whipple. 

50. Physical Diagnosis, Prescription of Exercise 

Dr. McCurdy, Senior year, fall term, five hours per week. 

(1) Physical Diagnosis, 40 points or 4 units. Study of the appearances, 
conditions, defects and deformities likely to be met with in the examining 
room. Method of examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the student 
to assume such responsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical 
director and to protect those who may come under his charge against 
unwise exercise and habits of life. 

(2) Prescription of Exercise, 25 points or 2 x / 2 units. The adaptation 
of various forms of exercise to the needs of the individual. Exercise as 
affecting : 

(a) Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for 
their restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoul- 
ders. /Etiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the 



91 



trunk. The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal 
curvatures. 

(b) Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization. 
Neurasthenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality. 
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage. 

(c) Disease. Congestions; hernia; constipation; cardiac weakness; 
cardiac insufficiency; partial paralysis; indigestion. The writing out of 
prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for pre- 
scription. 

(3) Training. Preparatory to athletic competition. 

The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise 
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in 
the treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the 
general instructions of the physician, render them definite and carry them 
out effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered. 

Text and reference books : "Physical Examination and Diagnostic Anat- 
omy," Slade; "Medical Inspection of Schools," Gulick & Ayres ; "Medi- 
cal Examination of Schools and Scholars," Kelynack; "Health and Medi- 
cal Inspection of School Children," Cornell; "Medical Inspection of 
Schools," Hogarth; "Exercise in Education and Medicine," McKenzie; 
"Occupational Diseases," Thompson. 

51. Medical Gymnastics 

Professor Betzler. An elective course in medical gymnastics will be 
offered to Seniors in 1919 and to other qualified men. The clinical facili- 
ties at present allow a limited number to elect work in medical gymnastics 
during 1917-18. 

The work consists of the treatment of bad postural habits and deform- 
ities, kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis. Gymnastic treatment is given for 
infantile paralysis, for stiffened joints, for obesity, for constipation, for 
cardiac weakness and other ailments amenable to gymnastic treatment. 
The exercises are taken under the advice of regular physicians. 

52. Physical Education Administration 

Dr. McCurdy, Senior year, spring term, five hours per week, 55 points 
or S l / 2 units. 

The chief national organizations for the administration of physical 
activities will be studied. This will include such organizations as the 
Athletic League of North America (Y. M. C. A.), the Amateur Athletic 
Union, the various intercollegiate Athletic Associations (faculty and stu- 
dent), the National Education Association (physical section), and the 
North American Gymnastic Union. The object will be to familiarize the 
students with the essential facts concerning the methods of administration 
in these organizations. The best methods of organization and administra- 
tion for local institutions will receive careful attention. In the Young 
Men's Christian Association consideration will be given to the organization 
of the physical department committee with the various subcommittees, the 



92 



relation of these committees to the board of directors, to the general 
secretary and to the physical activities in organizations outside of the 
Association. This will include a study of the various forms of extension 
work. In educational institutions the methods of organization will be 
studied. This will include public schools (elementary, grammar and 
secondary), private secondary schools, normal schools (state and private), 
and the colleges and universities. The administration of municipal gym- 
nasiums will be studied. The class will consider the work of the officers 
of administration and instruction, together with the personal qualities 
needed for successful work in the various branches of physical education. 

The essentials of a thorough business administration in relation to 
finances, to office management, to the methods of publicity and to the 
administration of the property will receive careful attention. The admin- 
istration of the activities of the physical education department in gym- 
nastics, athletics and aquatics is studied. 

53. Play and Playgrounds 

With the remarkable growth of the playground movement and the 
excellent opportunities for service offered by this new phase of effort, has 
come a demand for play leaders, trained and consecrated to the service 
of the people. The technical course includes several of the subjects pre- 
viously offered in the regular curriculum, to which has been added a series 
of special lectures and prescribed readings and practice. Throughout the 
entire course special attention is given to the literature of the subject, 
using as texts, "American Playgrounds," by Mero, and "Playground 
Technique and Playcraft," by Leland. A selected working bibliography is 
required of each student. 

The outline follows : 

(1) Playground Methods. Professor Schroeder, Freshman year, spring 
term, five hours per week, ten weeks, 50 points or 5 units. This course is 
open also to students in the secretarial department. In this course, which 
is intended to supplement those indicated below, consideration is given 
to the following: 

(a) Philosophy. Nature, function and need of play, theories of play, 
place of play in life and education, aims and spirit in conduct of play, 
age and sex differences in play, relation of play to work, need for play 
spaces and organized play in school, city, country. 

(b) Supervisory Organizations. Various types of agencies promoting 
the playground idea, and supervising the work done, e.g., voluntary, edu- 
cational, municipal and the various combinations of these, trend towards 
municipal control, methods of publicity, printed matter, lectures, stereopti- 
con, press reports, exhibits and festivals. 

(c) Construction and Equipment. Inventory of possible sites, system- 
atic study of city, basis of selection from possible sites, means of securing 
sites, e.g., donation, permission to use, lease, purchase, etc.; plan of 
ground and placing of various parts of equipment, equipment found 
more desirable; landscape gardening, fences, surfacing; outdoor gym- 
nasium, men, women, dressing rooms ; play spaces for children, sand 



93 



courts, swings; athletic facilities, track, baseball, tennis, etc.; aquatic 
facilities, wading, swimming, bathing; social facilities, assembly halls; 
educational facilities, reading rooms, branch libraries, classes, manual 
training, lectures ; detailed specifications of plans and equipment for various 
types of playground, homemade apparatus, etc. 

(d) Administration. Conduct of activities ; organization of working 
force, training of assistants, information and courses of greatest im- 
mediate use to instructors, stated conferences ; conduct of the playground 
office, records and statistics ; purchase, care and repair of equipment and 
supplies ; discipline, rules, rewards, police, cooperation of children ; most 
successful activities and their organization, daily program, special pro- 
grams, exhibitions and festivals, excursions, tournaments and contests, 
leagues ; social gatherings ; educational classes, story telling, manual train- 
ing, dancing, athletic and gymnastic features, etc. Relationships to other 
agencies, e.g., homes, schools, boys' clubs, juvenile courts, settlements, 
Young Men's Christian Associations, institutional churches, etc. 

(e) History. Attitude of church fathers and educators to play; intro- 
duction and patronage of play spaces in Germany (GutsMuths, Jahn, 
Froebel), in England; beginnings in United States, Salem 1821, Charles- 
bank 1887, Philadelphia and Providence 1893, Chicago, Minneapolis, New 
York, Pittsburgh and Worcester 1896, Baltimore and Milwaukee 1897, 
Cambridge and San Francisco 1898, Brooklyn 1899, etc. ; types, e.g., sand 
gardens, school yards, municipal and park playgrounds, playgrounds for 
institutions; bathing beaches and swimming pools; details of growth in 
most advanced cities; playground legislation and statistics. 

(f) Practice. Two hours per week are given to actual playing of 
games and participation in various other playground activities. 

(2) Child Nature. Dr. Seerley. 

For details see Psychology — Physiological and Genetic, page 54. 

(3) Pedagogy. Dr. Doggett. 

For details see Pedagogy and Religious Education, pages 49-50. 

(4) Social Conditions of Neighborhood. Professor Cheney. 
For details see syllabus of course in Municipal Sociology, page 65. 

(5) Hygiene and First Aid. Professors Affleck and Betzler. 
For details see outline of these subjects, pages 88 and 95. 

54. History and Literature of Physical Training 

Professor Affleck, Junior year, fall term, five hours per week, 65 points 
or 6y 2 units. 

This course aims to give familiarity with bibliographical methods and 
with the literature bearing on the history of physical training, together 
with a working knowledge of library economy and facility in the use of 
the various sources of information offered by the library. Special attention 
is given to professionally technical magazines. From assigned collateral 
reading, each student is required to make frequent reports upon special 
themes relative to the development, nature, influence, etc., of the various 
historical types of physical training. 



94 



(1) Ancient Period. Egyptian, Jewish, Greek and Roman, funeral 
games, periodic games, special attention to Olympic. Prize and honor 
systems, rise and influence of professionalism on Greek games. Motives 
and place of Greek physical training. Public and gladiatorial games of 
Rome, amphitheaters and circuses, baths, etc. 

(2) Medieval Period. Attitude of church towards the body. Divorce 
between natural and spiritual. Relationship of feudalism, rise and charac- 
teristics of chivalry. Knightly tournaments. 

(3) Modern Period. The renaissance, opinions and influence of writ- 
ings of Mercurialis, Rabelais, Montaigne, Luther, Locke, Rousseau. Work 
and influence of Basedow, Pestalozzi, Mulcaster, GutsMuths, Salzmann, 
Nachtegall, etc., with special attention to Jahn and Ling and their suc- 
cessors. History and type of physical exercise in England — athletics of 
English schools and colleges. Olympic games as revived by Baron Pierre 
de Coubertin. Origin of important games, e.g., football, tennis, golf, 
cricket, etc. 

(4) The American Movement. Early interest at Round Hill, Harvard, 
Yale. Manual training movement in educational institutions. Revival of 
popular interest led by Dio Lewis, Beecher and others. Origin, develop- 
ment and types of physical training in colleges and universities. History 
and influence of the various normal training schools. Summer schools, 
conferences. Important organized and administrative bodies. American 
Physical Education Association and its sections. North American Turner- 
bund, Amateur Athletic Union, Intercollegiate Association of United 
States, Athletic League of North America, Y. M. C. A. Physical Directors' 
Society, Athletic Research Society. Special attention to the growth and 
present features of Y. M. C. A. and International Committee physical 
department. Work and influence of prominent leaders — Dio Lewis, Dr. 
Hitchcock, Dr. Sargent, Dr. Seaver, R. J. Roberts, Dr. Hartwell, William 
Wood, Dr. Gulick and others. Publications, American Physical Education 
Review, Triangle and Physical Education, Physical Training, Mind and 
Body, Posse Gymnasium Journal, etc. 

55. Massage 

Professor Betzler, Sophomore year, fall term, eight weeks, five hours 
per week, 40 points or 4 units. 

In the classroom work consideration is given to the technical procedures 
of massage, including touch, stroking, friction, kneading, vibration, per- 
cussion and joint movements; under physiological effects the general 
stimulating reflex, sedative and restorative influences are discussed, as 
well as the effect upon muscular system, nervous system, circulation, res- 
piration, digestion, nutrition and elimination. Special emphasis is placed 
upon such therapeutic applications as come legitimately within the sphere 
of the physical director, e.g., bruises, sprains, neurasthenia, etc. 

Each student has clinical practice under supervision for two hours per 
week and is required to pass a satisfactory examination in both theory 
and practice. 



95 



References: "Art of Massage," Kellogg; "Handbook of Massage," 
Kleen; "Practical Massage," Nissen ; "On Sprains," Moullin; "Medical 
Gymnastics," Posse. 

56. First Aid 

Professor Betzler, Freshman year, fall term, five weeks, five hours per 
week, 25 points or 2 x / 2 units. 

This course offers in detail a consideration of cause, nature and treat- 
ment of bruises, wounds, burns, scalds, bites, sprains, dislocations, frac- 
tures, faints, shocks, hemorrhage, asphyxia, etc.; nature and effects of 
poisons, antidotes, narcotics and stimulants ; kinds and uses of bandages, 
dressings, antiseptics and disinfectants, emergency kits, etc. 

The purpose of both theoretical and practical work is to qualify the 
students to render efficient service in cases of emergency. Upon passing 
a satisfactory examination, students may secure a certificate and diploma 
from the National First Aid Society. 

Text-book: "Immediate Aid to the Injured," Morrow. 

57. Physical Training Seminar 

Dr. McCurdy and Professors Affleck, Berry, Betzler, Johnson, Schroeder 
and Young. A seminar will be held on advanced work in physical training, 
at which there will be presented original work done by the faculty, gradu- 
ate students and undergraduates and by other specialists. The seminar 
will keep abreast of the newer lines of physical training and is required 
of Junior and Senior students in the physical course and is elective for 
Freshmen. Junior credits, 20 points or 2 units. Senior credits, 20 points 
or 2 units. 

Each Senior student who is a candidate for a degree will prepare a 
thesis upon some topic related to the course of study. This thesis will 
count for 175 points or 17j^ units. This work must be done under the 
direct supervision and cooperation of one of the instructors. The title of 
the thesis shall be engrossed upon the diploma and ranked either as satis- 
factory, worthy of praise, worthy of high praise, worthy of very high 
praise, or worthy of highest praise. The two higher grades will be 
given only for work that is original. The thesis in order to be graded 
must be typewritten and bound before May 15. Theses presented at 
graduation become the property of the College. They may be published 
only with the consent of the College and under the conditions outlined 
by the College. 

Seminars, 1916-17 

W. H. Ball, Secretary International Committee, New York City. "Physi- 
cal Education on Railroad Systems." 

P. P. Phillips, Director of Physical Education, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 
"Physical Education in South America." 

J. H. McCurdy, M. D., Director Physical Course, Y. M. C. A. College, 
Springfield, Mass. "The Work of the United States High School 
Commission on Physical Education." 



96 



Student Theses, 1916-1917. 
Graduate Students. 

H. C Buck, Major — "A Normal Course in Physical Training for Grade 
School Teachers." Minor — "A Normal Course in Playground Work 
for Grade School Teachers." 

G. E. Goss, "Anthropometry of the Filipinos." 

Students. 

B. W. Beach, "Questionnaire: Administration." 

H. O. Dresser, "The Effect of Smoking on Rifle Shooting." 
W. N. Greim, "Trunk Box Volumes." 

S. Hinman, "Effect of Exercise on Pulse Pressure." 
H. Hoogesteger, "Tests to Determine Cardiac Efficiency." 
H. H. House, "History and Development of Baseball Pitching." 
F. L. Jouannet, "High and Fancy Diving." 
J. W. Jefferson, "Calisthenics and Posture Training." 
L. G. Kranz, "Posture Training — Its Place in the Physical Director's 
Curriculum." "Work in Connection with a Schematograph." 

F. A. Lenhardt, "Skating." 

J. E. Middagh, "Physical Education in the High Schools of New Jersey 

and Pennsylvania." 
J. R. Newell, "High School Administration." 

C. Olson, "High Schools in Ohio, Missouri and Kentucky." 
R. H. Peters, "Questionnaires : Administration." 

H. Roberts, "Physical Education in the High Schools of Arizona, Cali- 
fornia, Montana, Nevada, Washington, Idaho." 
S. C. Staley, "Text-Book on Gymnastic Dancing." 

G. T. Stafford, "Philanthropic Activities in the Catholic Church." 
E. A. Thorn, "Civic Associations and their Relations to the Town." 
C. C. Wilson, "Physical Director and the Liquor Problem." 

W. H. Whiting, "Physical Education and Hygiene in New York Schools." 
W. C. Wade, "Pulse Pressure and Training." 



Physical Education Practice 

The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and 
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats 
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the 
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the 
average man. Muscular strength and coordination are to be developed 
only so far as they increase vitality. Class rather than individual work is 
emphasized and the elements of recreation and moral discipline are sought. 
Physical education is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for 



97 



the new movement rather than for the old. The progression in gym- 
nastics, athletics and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with 
thoroughness. 

This course includes, in addition to instruction in the regular physical 
training branches, a carefully outlined course in normal teaching. The 
normal practice commences in the Freshman year and is continued through 
the four years for students in the physical course and through two years 
for students in the secretarial course. This work is divided into three 
parts: First, that in the pupil's own class; second, the normal practice 
classes ; third, the work in the paid positions. The class normal practice 
is under the direct supervision of the instructors ; for example, the Junior 
class in calisthenics is divided into several squads with a teacher in 
charge of each squad. This practice occurs regularly in addition to the 
course of lectures on pedagogy. A recitation course in gymnastic nomen- 
clature and athletic rules is given in connection with each year's floor and 
field work. Each unexcused absence from class deducts one per cent from 
the theory or practice grade; e.g., fall athletic theory, indoor gymnastic 
practice. Two tardy marks count as an absence. 

In the paid positions fifty-five men are this year receiving practice and 
in addition are earning the whole or a part of their expenses. 

58. Normal Practice Courses, I, la, II, Ha, III, Ilia 

These courses include observation work in the various physical activities, 
practice teaching in gymnastics, athletics, aquatics and games, officiating 
and executive work in all these activities. 

The Springfield high schools and the grammar schools use the College 
grounds as headquarters for their outdoor activities. The Sunday School 
Athletic League uses the College equipment and plant for both outdoor and 
indoor exercises. In addition to the instruction of the regular students, 
1,000 boys and young men receive instruction in the College gymnasiums 
and on the athletic fields. One hundred and thirty-five different men acted 
as leaders in 9,665 physical practice events, divided as follows : Baseball 
255, basket ball 1,300, football 156, soccer 351, gymnastics 1,952, boys' club 
693, track athletics 130, student tutors 2,887, hockey 15, swimming 1,926. 
As a result of this training, students are in demand as teachers, coaches 
and officials in Associations, schools, colleges and clubs within a radius 
of seventy-five miles. 

Practice teaching within the individual class under criticism and obser- 
vation work in Springfield and vicinity under the supervision of the class 
instructor are conducted by the class teachers as noted below. 

Normal Practice I, II, III 

Normal Practice I. 

Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

Indoors. The class will be divided into small sections for marching, 
free exercises and dumb-bells. Each section will have an assigned leader 



9S 



who will teach the lessons suggested by the instructor, who will later dis- 
cuss the pedagogy of the lesson taught and call the attention of the class 
to the principles and methods involved. 

Normal Practice II. 

Sophomores, Professor Berry. 

Outdoors. Men will be assigned as officials in soccer and Rugby. 

Indoors. The class will be divided into small sections. The appointed 
leader for each section will have practice in teaching marching, calis- 
thenics, including wands and Indian clubs by imitation and command, and 
practice in officiating games. One half hour is later devoted to criticism 
and suggestions regarding such work. 

Normal Practice III. 

Juniors, Professor Schroeder. 

Indoors. Men will be assigned to lead marching, calisthenics, apparatus 
exercises and games in their own or other classes. 

Normal Practice IV. 

Seniors, Dr. McCurdy, Professor Schroeder. 

The Seniors will plan new work, subject to the criticism and suggestions 
of the class and the teachers. They will be assigned observation and teach- 
ing practice outside their regular instruction periods. 

Normal Practice la, Ha, Ilia, IVa 
Professors Johnson and Schroeder 

Credits are allowed only when report slips are turned in within forty- 
eight hours after the work has been done. Men are encouraged to find 
opportunities for normal practice. Assignments are made preferably for 
work the student has found for himself. 

Normal Practice la. 

Freshman, 20 points or 2 units. 

Freshmen may elect 20 hours of practice teaching. 

Normal Practice Ha. 

Sophomores, 20 points or 2 units. 

Assigned work with the various classes and leagues. 

The work is squad teaching and officiating. 

Normal Practice Ilia. 

Juniors, required, 30 points or 3 units. 

Assigned work in teaching, officiating and coaching. 

Normal Practice IVa. 

Seniors, 30 points or 3 units, elective and assigned work in teaching. 



99 



Assigned work in the promotion, management and officiating of meets, 
in the organization of classes for various groups of boys and young men, 
and in individual work with special cases. 

59. Outdoor Work— Fall Term 

Graduates of accredited colleges take during their Junior year Sopho- 
more Rugby theory and Sophomore soccer theory and practice. Regular 
Junior and Senior work is taken during the Senior year. 

Rugby Football 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder, eight weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2y 2 units. Instruction is given in methods of 
handling the ball, including punting, in playing the various positions and 
in team play. Minimum tests — charging, punting, 25 yards, handling punts, 
forward passing. 

(b) Pedagogy, 12 points or 1 unit. This will cover a thorough discus- 
sion of the playing rules for the current season, particularly from the 
standpoint of the player. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Berry, eight weeks, three days per week. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2y 2 units. Students are taught punting, drop 
place kicking, tackling, blocking, interfering and other fundamentals. They 
continue their team practice begun in the Freshman year in teams graded 
according to ability. Minimum tests — punting 30 yards, drop and place 
kicking 20 3'ards, two goals out of five trials. Examination on tackling 
dummy and on catching punts. 

(b) Pedagogy, 12 points or 1 unit. The rules are studied during this 
year from the standpoint of coaching and officiating. The theory consists 
of lectures and discussions on the history and development of the game. 
It covers football fundamentals and discussion of the old and new game. 

(3) Juniors, Professors Schroeder and Johnson, eight weeks, two days 
per week. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or \y 2 units. The Juniors are assigned to 
practice in groups, according to their proficiency. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or 1 unit, Professor Johnson, two days per 
week. The men will receive instruction and practice in officiating. 

(4) Seniors, Dr. McCurdy, two days per week. Men must elect Rugby 
or soccer. The development of strategy and methods of coaching will 
receive careful consideration. Physical condition will be studied in rela- 
tion to individual and team development. This work will be taken with 
varsity theory on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Observation work will be 
required. 

(5) Varsity team, Dr. McCurdy, faculty adviser and coach; Professors 
Berry and Schroeder, assistant coaches. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. Careful attention will be given to 
the development and rounding out of a team. 

(b) Pedagogy, 10 points or 1 unit, will be taken with the Seniors on 
the two days devoted to strategy. 



100 



Soccer Football 

Eight weeks, two periods per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or \y 2 units. The introductory work consists 
of the training of the judgment in locating the ball, then in controlling 
it by means of foot, body and head. This is followed by passing and run- 
ning with the ball and develops into a combination of play. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or J / 2 unit. The classroom sessions consider 
the history and rules for the season, the value of the game from the stand- 
point of the player. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Berry. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or V/ 2 units. This consists of team work in 
the open field and later against opponents, the emphasis being placed upon 
passing and combinations. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or % unit. This consists of discussions of the 
individual duties of the players in each position, together with the function 
of the units, forwards and backs, especially in offense. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 16 points or \y 2 units. This consists in the perfecting 
of team playing, the development of strategy, use of signals and the 
essentials in coaching and officiating. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or J / 2 unit. This covers the interpretation of 
rules, the development of team playing, especially defensive, the essentials 
of coaching and instruction concerning officiating. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or l / 2 unit. This consists of assigned work in 
connection with coaching the various units of a team, officiating, recording 
and criticising plays. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or x / 2 unit. This is taken with the varsity team 
and consists of development of strategy, discussion and criticism of games 
played, essentials in conditioning, coaching and officiating. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Affleck, faculty adviser and coach. 
The entire schedule is played in the fall term. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2 units. 

(b) Pedagogy, 8 points or l / 2 unit. 

In addition to the work outlined for Seniors chief attention is given to 
the development of the team. 

Cross Country — Hare and Hound 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder, 5 points or l / 2 unit. 

(a) Practice. Each Freshman is required to participate successfully 
in at least one hare and hound chase, varying from four to ten miles 
according to his ability. For this purpose the class is divided into groups 
which run separately, each group being in charge of a squad leader who 
is responsible for performance of individuals in his charge. 



101 



(b) Pedagogy. For some days before the chase the class is instructed 
in the custom and rules of the contest, those selected as hares receiving 
special suggestions concerning legitimate devices to outwit their pursuers. 

60. Outdoor Work — Winter Term 

Hockey 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 5 points or l / 2 unit. From time to time, as weather 
permits, practice is given in skating, individual handling of stick and puck, 
and in team games. The plan is to have ten days in all devoted to super- 
vised practice. In addition to prescribed class work much time is given by 
students singly or in groups to the enjoyment of this sport. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or J / 2 unit. Sufficient classroom time is given 
for a study and discussion of the playing rules of the game. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Berry. 

(a) Practice, 5 points or l / 2 unit. Further training along the lines for 
the Freshmen, laying emphasis on the development of the team game. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or l / 2 unit. Discussions of the team game and 
coaching and officiating. 

(3) Varsity team, Professor Affleck, faculty adviser, 10 points or 1 
unit. During suitable weather two practices per week are held and a 
schedule of match games varying from six to ten is played. 

61. Outdoor Work— Spring Term 

Graduates of accredited colleges take, during their Junior year, Junior 
track theory and practice and Junior theory and baseball practice. Regu- 
lar Senior work is taken during the Senior year. 

Track and Field Events 

Two days per week for six weeks. 
(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Starting and Sprinting. The class 
will receive instruction in the different styles of starting, with a discussion 
of the reasons for adoption or rejection of each style in sprinting, with 
a study of such points as body inclination, leg swim, leg drive, stride, 
reach and angle of feet. 

Running High Jump. The class will note the distance, speed and direc- 
tion of run for take off, the turning out of the toe, the crouch, the 
use of arms and back, the turn and the proper use of both the jumping 
and the swinging leg. 

Pole Vault. Instruction is given in the methods of carrying the pole 
during the run and take off, the distance and speed of the run, the relation 
of the grasp of the hands to the height of the cross bar, the distance of 
the pole and jumping foot from the cross bar, with the considerations 
which influence these distances, the time relations of the take off, pull 
up, slide, leg lift and turn. 



102 



Shot Put. The student is taught the method of holding the shot, posi- 
tion of the elbow, of the feet in the circle, of the trunk and legs after 
the hop, the distance gained during the hop and the time of the arm 
thrust. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or J / 2 unit. The theory will cover the pedagogy 
of the events taught. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Hurdles. Instruction is given in the 
leg swing, stride, reach and angle of feet, the number of strides to first 
hurdle, the character and number of strides between hurdles, the methods 
of bucking hurdles, the time to cut down over a hurdle, the time to cut 
forward with the right leg, the abduction of the thigh and the eversion of 
the foot. 

Running Broad Jump. The class learns the best method of getting the 
take off, the distance of the first and second mark, the effect of the last 
stride being too long or too short, the crouch, the position of the knees 
after the rise from the take off, the time of the forward thrust of the 
feet, etc. 

Hammer Throw, (a) Without turn. Instruction is given in the posi- 
tion of the feet, the plane of the circle, the pull of the body to balance the 
hammer, keeping the hammer behind the body and to the right, (b) With 
turn. The keeping speed of turn up to speed of hammer, the pivot on the 
left foot; with the double turn the class notes the necessity of bringing 
the low point of the hammer nearer to the front, of keeping the first turn 
slow and the second rapid enough to keep ahead of the hammer. 

Discus. The class learns the position of the discus in the hand, the 
position of the feet in the circle, the methods of making the turn, 
keeping the throwing arm behind the body, of delivery and securing a 
good scale. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. The class will study the pedagogy 
of the events taught and the rules of athletic competition, including those 
of the Young Men's Christian Association, the Amateur Athletic Union 
and the Intercollegiate Athletic Association. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Javelin Throw. The class is taught 
the proper method of carrying the javelin, the grip, the throwing arm kept 
well back, point of the javelin in direct line, the reversal of feet and final 
release of the javelin. 

Running Hop, Step and Jump. The class learns the method of securing 
the take off, position of the body on the hop, distance of the step and the 
final effort in the broad jump. 

Standing High Jump. Instruction is given in the position of the body 
preparatory to the jump, the arm swing, the rock, the leg action, the bodily 
position over the bar and the dismount. 

Standing Broad Jump. Instruction is given in the position of the body 
preparatory to the jump, arm swing and heel raising, angle of the body, 
leg push, final leg swing for distance and vigorous arm action. 



103 



440-yard Dash. Instruction is given to the class in securing the proper 
start, the dash for the first turn, track tactics, stride, and the final spurt 
to the tape. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or x / 2 unit. The class will study the pedagogy 
of the events taught. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. The class will review the various 
athletic events of the previous years and will be given opportunity for 
specialization. Work is assigned in the promotion, management and offi- 
ciating of games and meets. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. Students will study coaching and 
discuss the common faults of competitors from the teacher's standpoint. 
The daily schedule of training for various events will be studied. The 
management of athletic meets is considered. 

Baseball 

Six weeks, two days per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Johnson. 

(a) Practice, 18 points or 2 units. Three hours per week on work of 
the fundamentals — bunting, straightaway hitting, fielding, base running, 
base sliding, etc., team practice. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. One hour per week spent in a 
careful study of baseball rules, scoring, theory of batting. 

(2) Sophomores. 

(a) Practice, Professor Johnson, 18 points or 2 units. Three hours 
per week. Continued practice in the fundamentals, but more time spent 
on development of team play. 

(b) Pedagogy, Professor Berry, 6 points or x / 2 unit. One hour per 
week. Review of rules and scoring, discussion of base running, position 
play and of the modern team game. 

(3) Juniors. 

(a) Practice, Professor Johnson, 24 points or 2y 2 units. Three hours 
per week. Offensive and defensive team work. Further development of 
team work with special practice of fundamental offensive and defensive 
plays. 

(b) Pedagogy, Professor Berry. Further discussion of offensive and 
defensive team play, discussion of batting strategy, the training and coach- 
ing of teams and of organized baseball. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Berry. Seniors electing baseball will take the 
theory with the varsity squad. Men not candidates for varsity squad will 
be grouped into class teams according to their ability, practicing at the 
regular class period. 

(5) Varsity team, Professor Berry, coach and faculty adviser, Profes- 
sor Johnson, assistant coach. 

One hour, four days per week. Theory and practice of the modern 
team game. Indoor practice as time permits, beginning in February. Prep- 
aration for regular schedule of the first and second teams. 



104 



(6) Baseball (elective). Pitching. Mr. Ray L. Fisher. Four weeks, 
12 lessons. Fee, $5.00. The course is designed to aid coaches in the 
training and development of pitchers and to assist in their own improve- 
ment as pitchers. 

Tennis 

Professor Cheney. 

Tennis has not as yet been organized as regular class work, except for 
the Senior secretarial men, but much interest is taken by the students in 
this sport. At least one annual tournament continuing for two weeks 
or more is conducted. The construction of ten additional courts furnishes 
adequate facilities for the development of this sport. 

The College tennis team meets frequently with representative teams 
from clubs and colleges of the city and vicinity; 10 points or 1 unit. 

Playground Practice Course 
Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

(1) Younger Children, ages 6 to g. 

Cat and Rat, Drop the Handkerchief, Hill Dill, Fox and Geese, Maze 
Tag, Partners' Tag, Flowers and the Wind, Wood Tag, Bird Catcher, 
Queen Dido Is Dead, Still Pond, Milking Pails, As We Go Round the 
Mulberry Bush, Draw a Bucket of Water, Threading the Needle, London 
Bridge, Soldier Boy, Rabbits' Nest, Good Day, The Beater Goes Around. 

(2) Older Children, ages io to 12. 

Prisoner's Base, Duck on the Rock, Relay (using objects), Dodge Ball 
(speed), Progressive Dodge Ball, Front Duty, Roly-Poly, Tip Cat 
(sides), Baste the Bear, Third Tag and Run, Poison, Over and Back, 
Day Ball, Number Ball, Head and Tail Tag, Snatch the Stick, Pom Pom 
Pull Away. 

(3) Boys, ages 13 and over. 

German Ball, Playground Ball, Long Base, Captain Ball, N. Y. Captain 
Ball, Kick Ball, End Ball, Corner Ball, Newcombe, Indoor Soccer, Goal 
Ball, Volley Ball, Post Ball. 

Canoeing 

Six weeks, one day per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 6 points or J / 2 unit. For this purpose the students are 
divided into groups, and under supervision paddle on the lake in varying 
weather conditions. Special attention is given to bow and stern paddling, 
racing, single, double and four paddle, tilting and other sports, loading, 
launching, carrying, righting and reentering from water, etc. 

(b) Pedagogy. Consideration is here given to canoes and boats — mate- 
rials, shapes, sizes, advantages and disadvantages of each, handling, launch- 
ing, landing, carrying, loading, care and repair, etc. Paddles — materials, 
shapes, sizes, uses, etc. 



105 



For the storage of canoes, boats, etc., belonging to private parties or 
classes an annual charge of $2.50 is made. 

Camping 

Six weeks, one day per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 6 points or y 2 unit. The groups detailed for canoe prac- 
tice land at Gerrish Grove and there practice under supervision the various 
phases of camping, including selection of sites, pitching and striking tents, 
building and extinguishing fires, preparation of meals, participating in 
camp games and sports, nature study and woodcraft. 

(b) Pedagogy. Studies are conducted in organization and conduct of 
camps, including sites, equipment, daily programs of activity, individual 
outfits, side trips, nature study, cooking and serving meals, camp rules 
and regulations, camp "wrinkles," stories, etc. 

62. Indoor Work — Fall, Winter, Spring Terms 

Graduates of accredited colleges take during their Junior year five days 
per week with the Sophomore class. During their Senior year they take 
two days per week with the Senior class and three days per week with the 
Juniors. They are required to pass all tests. Varsity men in soccer and 
Rugby may be excused from fall gymnastics provided their grades war- 
rant it. 

Marching 

Nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Instruction is given in plain march- 
ing, special attention being paid to the best formations for handling large 
classes. Accuracy of movement, prompt response and good posture are 
emphasized; maze running also receives attention. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or ]/ 2 unit. This includes the material covered 
in the "Manual of Marching" by Cornell & Berry. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Berry. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Review of elementary marching and 
the practice of fancy marching. Practice is given in leading. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or r / 2 unit. A comparative study of the differ- 
ent books on tactics will be made, e.g., "United States Drill Regulations," 
Cornell & Berry, Arnold, Betz, Anderson, Crampton, Schrader. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. A minimum of time will be devoted 
to marching. Students are assigned for leading each day. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or l / 2 unit. This will include discussions of 
the mistakes in commands and the pedagogy of command work in general. 

(4) Seniors, Dr. McCurdy and Professor Schroeder. Students will be 
required to give definite lessons in marching as part of a day's lesson for 
classes in the Y. M. C. A., school and college. 



106 



Calisthenics 

(1) Freshmen, nineteen weeks, five days per week, Professor Schroe- 
der. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2y 2 units. Instruction is given both by 
imitation and by command. Emphasis is laid on hygienic work which 
permits large classes to be handled effectively. Roberts' "Home Dumb 
Bell Drill" and McCurdy's "Dumb Bell Drill" are taught as samples of 
hygienic work. 

Typical lessons for corrective, rythmical and response work are given. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or 1^ units. The "Calisthenic Nomencla- 
ture" by McCurdy, is used as the basis for theory work in nomenclature. 
The importance of correct posture is emphasized. The students will 
examine types of exercises used for boys in the Young Men's Christian 
Associations, boys' clubs and in the public schools. These types will be 
studied by personal observation in Springfield and an examination of the 
literature of such observation in Springfield, Cleveland, New York, St. 
Louis, etc. Three typical hygienic lessons for boys and three of the 
command type will be required as a part of the examination. 

(2) Sophomores, nineteen weeks, five days per week, Professor Berry. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2y 2 units. The class is divided into groups 
for practice teaching, using both the imitation and command methods. 
Instruction is given in the wand drills by Gulick and by McCurdy, and 
additional work with the steel wands and with bar bells. Class exercises 
with Indian clubs are given. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or 1^ units. The class will review rapidly 
the work covered in the Freshman year in the "Calisthenic Nomenclature," 
by McCurdy. They will study carefully the official nomenclature of the 
Young Men's Christian Associations for all forms of calisthenics. Dr. 
Arnold's nomenclature will be studied. Students will study the work for 
boys of high school age in the Young Men's Christian Association and 
in the public and private secondary schools. This will include observation 
work and a study of the literature. Six typical lessons for adolescent 
boys will be required as part of the examination. 

(3) Juniors, nineteen weeks, three days per week, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. The work includes practice teach- 
ing in the class and assigned teaching outside the class. Instruction is 
given in Indian clubs and single sticks. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or V/ 2 units. This will include a study of the 
nomenclature with practical demonstrations by the class. The construction 
of series of exercises for different groups of individuals will receive atten- 
tion. The class will study the exercises for men of college age and of 
adult life such as are found in the young men's and business men's classes 
of the Young Men's Christian Association and in college classes for stu- 
dents and faculty. This study will include personal observation and a 
study of the literature. 

Text-books : "Official Nomenclature of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation"; "Calisthenic Nomenclature," McCurdy; and reference literature. 



107 



(4) Seniors, twenty-seven weeks, two days per week, Dr. McCurdy and 
Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or iy> units. 

The order of development of the exercises for the individual lesson is 
studied from its physiological and pedagogical aspects. From the abun- 
dance of material the teacher must be trained to select those exercises 
which are scientifically correct and in addition those which have intrinsic 
interest in themselves. 

The lectures and recitations in calisthenic pedagogy will discuss the 
common faults in teachers and the essentials of good teaching. 

The men will review rapidly the work for elementary, secondary and 
adult pupils and assignments will be made for additional study of the 
group on the basis of the interest of the student. 

Six typical lessons for business men, for professional men and for 
college students will be required. 

Dancing 

Nineteen weeks, five days per week. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Instruction is given in elementary 
gymnastic dancing. This includes the elementary steps by McCurdy in 
Cornell & Berry's Manual and the general steps covered in "Gymnastic 
Dancing" by Davison. Some of the dances used are Carrousel, I See You, 
Shoemakers' Dance, Children's Polka, German Clap Dance, Danish Dance 
of Greeting, Ace of Diamonds, Washing Song, English Harvesters' Dance, 
Norwegian Mountain March, Irish Jig, Irish Lilt and Barn Dance. In- 
struction is given in simple dances adapted for elementary work and folk 
dancing for playground use. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. A discussion of the types of music 
most useful in gymnastic dancing. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Berry. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Instruction is given in gymnastic 
and athletic dancing and in more advanced folk dancing. The chief dances 
used are Sailors' Hornpipe, Hebbert's Schottische, Hebbert's Polka, Zig 
Zag Four Step, Reap the Flax, The Oxen Dance, The Csardas Dance. 

(b) Pedagogy, five points or y 2 unit. The class will discuss the funda- 
mental dancing positions according to Zorn, Chalif and Perrin and the 
development of gymnastic dances for class use. Collections of dances 
will be discussed, e.g., those by Crampton, by Burchenal, by Rath, by Chalif 
and Davison. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. The class will learn some new dances. 
The following list indicates the character of the dances given : Jumping 
Jacks, May Pole Dance, Morris Dances, English Country Dances, High- 
land Fling, Dixie Rubes and Russian Dances. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. The place of gymnastic dancing in 



10S 



the curriculum will be considered. The feminine and masculine types of 
grace will be studied in their relation to types of dancing. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Schroeder. Dance building will be studied. 
Observation work in Associations, schools and recreation centers will be 
required. 

Text-books : "Text Books of Dancing," Chalif ; "Aesthetic Dancing," 
Rath. 

Heavy Apparatus 

(1) Freshmen, nineteen weeks, five days per week, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 24 points or 2]/ 2 units. Hygienic or organic work re- 
ceives large emphasis. Exercises allowing rapidity of approach, momen- 
tary support and quick retreat are used. A large number of exercises of 
moderate endeavor rather than a few of maximum effort are taught. The 
bounce board is used with the mat exercises, the horse, buck and parallel 
bars to facilitate rapid approach. The course covers a large variety of 
elementary movements. The essential fundamental movements of interme- 
diate difficulty are taught, including on the parallels from upper arm hang 
the upstarts, uprises and rolls, from stand at the end of bars, combinations 
of single and double circles with seats; on the side horse the circles (a) 
from floor to rest, (b) from floor to floor, (c) from rest to floor, (d) 
from rest to rest ; on the long horse the back, flank and straddle vaults and 
mounts, on the low horizontal bar the back circles, knee circles and up- 
starts ; on the high horizontal bar the knee upstart, knee circles, upstart. 
These intermediate exercises receive a minimum of time. The object is to 
give men who have had little gymnastic experience instruction which will 
enable them to work up outside of class the fundamentals of intermediate 
apparatus exercises. 

The chief purpose of the Freshman year is to teach a large variety 
of the rapid mass work which is adapted to the average class which the 
men will have to teach. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \ x / 2 units. The class will discuss the 
Young Men's Christian Association's Official Nomenclature for the mat 
and apparatus exercises used. The colleges and secondary schools also 
use this nomenclature. 

(2) Sophomores, nineteen weeks, five days per week, Professor Berry, 
(a) Practice, 30 points or 3 units. Intermediate exercises on the 

heavy apparatus are taught. The type is such as is ordinarily taught to 
intermediate and advanced classes, including the leaders' group. The 
athletic side of gymnastics is fostered rather than the slow exercises of 
strength where the body is held in static positions, e.g., levers. 

Some of the minimum tests indicate the character of the work. 

Parallel Bars. Upstarts from upper arm hang, shoulder stands, for- 
ward rolls, single and double circles on end of bar, single leg circles in 
center of bar. 

Low Horizontal Bar. Short underswing upstart ; short back circles mat 
to mat, mat to rest, and rest to rest, each with straight back; single and 
double knee circles front and back, front rest, squat vault dismount. 



109 



High Horizontal Bar. Upstart, short back circle from floor to front 
rest and from rest to rest. Knee upstarts outside and between hands, 
changes from front to back rest, knee circles forward and backward, hock 
dismount. 

Side Horse. Front vault with back and arms straight, high side vault, 
single leg circles in both directions from front and back rest, side 
scissors in both directions, double back vault mount to cross riding seat. 

Long Horse. Mounts and vaults, back, front, squat and flank, rolls on 
croup and saddle. 

Mat Exercises. Throws and balances with one lying on mat, upstarts, 
head and hand springs. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \y 2 units. The class will complete the 
study of the Young Men's Christian Association Official Nomenclature. 
They will examine the nomenclature of the Germans as illustrated by 
Stecher's "German-American Gymnastics," Puritz' "Code Book of Gym- 
nastics," and "Hints to Gymnasts," by Harvy. 

(3) Juniors, nineteen weeks, three days per week, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. Instruction is given in advanced 
exercises on the heavy apparatus and in tumbling, including brother acts. 
The character of the apparatus exercises is indicated by the following 
minimum requirements : 

Parallel Bars. Long and short underswing upstarts at the end of bars, 
back shoulder roll to shoulder stand (straight back), long or short under- 
swing upstart at end of bars to shoulder stand, double rear vaults at end 
and center of bars, upper arm hang upstart to shoulder stand and forward 
roll upstart. 

Low Horizontal Bar. Long underswing back upstart, long underswing 
back uprise, front rest drop back upstart, foot, heel or toe circles. 

High Horizontal Bar. Upstart with short back circles, back upstart, or 
back uprise, uprise with or without short back circle, long underswing to 
front rest (straight back). 

Side Horse. Feints with full leg circles to front rest, feint double back 
vault dismount, double back vault right or left, hand spring forward, leg 
circles from seat astride right or left hand. 

Long Horse. Back vault hands in saddle, squat vault hands on saddle 
or neck, back scissors vault, head stand in saddle from run, head spring 
from neck. 

Tumbling. Head springs, hand springs, mouths, hand balances and 
somersaults, including the pitches and throws by a helper. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or \ l / 2 units. Methods of teaching apparatus 
exercises and catching men in the difficult movements are thoroughly 
discussed. 

Seniors, twenty-seven weeks, two days per week, Dr. McCurdy, Profes- 
sor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 20 points or 2 units. Electives will be allowed. 

(b) Pedagogy, 15 points or 1^ units. The principles of progression 
are thoroughly discussed. 



no 



Varsity gymnastic team. Professor Schroeder, faculty adviser. 

The gymnastic team gives exhibitions during the winter season in the 
Young Men's Christian Associations, schools and colleges. The team this 
year has been one of the best in the history of the College. 

Indoor Games 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or 1 unit. This class will receive instruction in 
the mass games adapted to large groups. The following were taught 
during 1916-17: General Games: Spud, dodge ball, kick ball, volley ball, 
whip tag, three deep, bull in the ring, leapfrog games, squat tag, hand tag, 
circle tag ball, ball, indoor baseball, playground baseball, fist ball, captain 
ball, nine count ball, horse and rider, indoor hockey, cross tag, catch and 
pull, cat and rat, whip tag, squat tag, chariot race. Racing Games: Three 
Indian club race, Indian club circle race, obstacle races, hopping race, 
basket ball relay, short relay, pushing balls on the floor, other relay races of 
various sorts, scrimmage ball, schlag ball, battle ball. Students will be 
taught to play basket ball. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or x / 2 unit. The rules of mass games will be 
studied, using as a basis Chesley's book of "Indoor and Outdoor Gymnastic 
Games," Part I, and Bancroft's "Games." The basket ball rules for the 
current season will be studied from the standpoint of playing and 
officiating. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Berry. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or 1 unit. The class will practice the games 
adapted for smaller classes as illustrated by the material in Part II of 
Chesley's "Indoor and Outdoor Games." They will review the best mass 
games. Instruction will be given in basket ball, indoor baseball, volley 
ball, indoor hockey, indoor soccer, scrimmage ball, hang ball, handball, 
team relays and bowling. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. The rules for the games used in 
Chesley's book, Part II, will be studied. In basket ball coaching and 
officiating will be emphasized. Instruction will be given in bowling and in 
the rules of indoor baseball, handball and volley ball. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice, 8 points or 1 unit. Volley ball, handball, schlag ball, 
basket ball, indoor hockey, three deep, dodge ball, *Indian club race, stride 
ball, catch and pull, captain ball, corner ball, spud, boat race, *wand relay 
race, mount ball, *medicine ball tag, *obstacle relay race, heads and tails, 
swat tag, *mat push, indoor soccer and battle ball are played. 

(b) Pedagogy, 5 points or y 2 unit. This will consist of a discussion 
of the relative values of the various types of games covered during the 
four years. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Schroeder. The development of indoor team 
games. 

*Games not played in Freshman or Junior years or given in playground course. 



Ill 



Group Contests (Intraclass) 

(1) Freshman, Professor Schroeder. 

(a) Practice. The class is divided into groups and weekly competitions 
are held in the following events: 20-50-75-100-220-yard dashes; 440-880- 
yard runs; standing high jump, standing broad jump, three standing broad 
jumps, standing hop, step and jump, running high jumps, standing hop, 
step and jump, running high jump, 12-lb. shot put, pole vault, spring board 
jump for height, fence vault, rope climb, bar snap for height, potato race, 
relay race, hexathalon, chinning the bar, goal throwing, baseball throw for 
accuracy, running high kick, hitch and kick, obstacle race, basket ball, 
dodge ball, indoor baseball and volley ball. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class will discuss the pedagogy of mass group 
contests and the rules governing those used. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Berry. 

(a) Practice. The class is divided into groups and compete against 
each other throughout the year in an athletic and game contest. The events 
include the following: 20-yard dash, fence vault, snap for height on bar 
or rings, standing high jump, potato race (8), basket ball, volley ball, 
indoor baseball, running high jump, shot put, spring board jump, potato 
race, all-round indoor test, intermediate grade. 

(b) Pedagogy. The class will discuss the rules and methods of scoring 
of the events used and the organization and management of intraclass 
contests. 

Group Contests (Interclass) 

Interclass contests are arranged in Rugby football, soccer, basket ball, 
ice hockey, baseball, tennis, indoor and outdoor athletics and the hexatha- 
lon. These matches are used not merely to determine class championships, 
but to train the men in correct methods of conducting meets. 

The Seniors do not compete in these meets, but serve as officials. 

Group Contests (Intercollegiate) 

These contests include games with the leading educational institutions 
of the East, e.g., Yale, Harvard, Princeton, Columbia, West Point, Am- 
herst, Massachusetts State College, Wesleyan, Trinity, Tufts, and with 
many of the neighboring Young Men's Christian Associations, e.g., New 
York, Brooklyn, Albany, Schenectady, Pittsfield, Dalton, North Adams, 
Providence, New Bedford, Norwich, etc. The games in the various sched- 
ules are kept down to a minimum number. The contests are arranged 
chiefly on the College holidays to eliminate conflict with the theory course. 

Regulations for Uniform for Indoor Work 

(1) Sleeveless jersey, worsted, navy blue, neck and arm openings of 
approved size. On the breast, with its base five inches from the neck open- 
ing, an equilateral triangle, five inches on each side, of felt one inch wide. 

(2) Trousers, navy blue with three-quarter inch white braid stripe on 
outside seams; foot loops of elastic. 



112 



(3) Belt, one and one-quarter inch black leather with nickel buckle. 

(4) Shoes, black leather. 

(5) White coat sweater. 

No numerals, emblems or other ornaments, except the College team 
emblems, are to be worn on the sweater. The sweater is not required, but 
the only kind allowed is as described. 

All materials, styles, etc., must be submitted to the costume committee, 
Professor Affleck, chairman, for approval before being worn on the 
gymnasium floor. 

Swimming and Diving 

Group assignments are made from each class for instruction in swim- 
ming. 

(1) Freshmen, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Individual instruction is given in 
practicing the various strokes so as to secure confidence and reasonably 
correct form in the breast, side and back strokes, in diving, plunging, 
treading water, floating, etc. 

Minimum Tests. 

Diving for form, shallow, deep, back. 

Swim 100 yards using (a) breast stroke, (b) side stroke, (c) any other 
stroke. 

Swim 20 yards on back. 

Plunge for distance 24 feet. 

Float or tread water for one minute. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or ^ unit. During the season classroom 
sessions are held considering the general underlying principles, including 
buoyancy, floating, details in the various strokes, method of breathing, co- 
ordination of strokes and breathing, timing of strokes, standing and 
running dives, plunging, etc. 

(2) Sophomores, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. The practice follows the same 
general lines, including water polo, according to English rules, water basket 
ball, the recovery of objects from the bottom, methods of transporting 
unconscious person in water and of resuscitation. 

Minimum Tests. 

Dive for form using any three other than those in the Freshman test. 
Swim 160 yards using four different strokes for at least 40 yards each. 
Swim on back 40 yards using two strokes. 
Plunge for distance 30 feet. 

Support for one minute unconscious person of same weight as self ; 
transport unconscious man 30 feet. 



113 



(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. In addition to the theoretical work 
of the Freshman year consideration is given to the rules of water polo 
and methods of life-saving and resuscitation. 

(3) Juniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. This consists of instruction and 
training in trudgeon and crawl strokes, under water swimming, plunge 
for distance, relay and speed swimming, fancy diving from spring board, 
e.g., back, side, deep, shallow, swan, jackknife, handstand, back and 
front somersault, etc. Games including tag, leapfrog, water polo, water 
baseball, etc. Life-saving — approach, holds, breaks, methods of transpor- 
tation and resuscitation. 

Minimum Tests. 

Diving from spring board for form using at least six different dives. 
Swim 200 yards using at least four strokes for at least 50 yards each. 
Swim on back 40 yards using for 20 yards (a) legs only, (b) arms only. 
Three methods of release and rescue; tow or transport unconscious 
person of same weight as self 50 feet, resuscitation. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. Emphasis is here placed upon the 
finer and more advanced features, methods of teaching, history of swim- 
ming, rules and events of competition, records of performance, etc. 

(4) Seniors, Professor Affleck. 

(a) Practice, 12 points or 1 unit. Specialization is allowed in events 
which students elect. 

(b) Pedagogy, 6 points or y 2 unit. Assigned coaching and officiating 
is required. 

Athletic and Defensive Credits 

Three athletic or defensive credits are required of each student before 
graduation. The student may elect to secure all of these credits in one 
activity. Each course in boxing, wrestling or fencing will give one credit. 
Membership on any varsity, school or second team through the playing 
season will give one credit. 

Defensive Exercises 

(1) Boxing, Mr. Nickerson, 20 points or 2 units. 

Individual instruction is given. Men who elect this course are expected 
to pass satisfactory examinations in the theory and practice of self- 
defense. Fee, $5.00. 

(2) Fencing, Professor Berry, Mr. Andraud, 20 points or 2 units. 
Fencing is the most popular of the group of defensive exercises. Elect- 

ives are offered in the subject. Preference is given to upper classes 
when men are on the waiting list. Men are expected to pass as performers 
and teachers. Fee, $5.00. 



114 



(3) Wrestling, Mr. Bretschneider, 20 points or 2 units. 

Wrestling is taught with the idea of giving men a thorough knowledge 
of the various "holds." They are also examined on their ability to teach 
wrestling. Fee, $5.00. 

63. Faculty Control 

Faculty Advisers. The chairman of the physical department committee 
of the student Association will confer with the director regarding general 
matters of policy in all physical activities. The director appoints faculty 
advisers for each sport who will advise with the coaches, managers and 
captains regarding the schedules and management of individual teams. 
Schedules become official only when they have been adopted by the faculty. 

Scholarship Regulations. Men with conditions in more than two sub- 
jects (the word subject to mean one term's work in any study) which 
are one term old shall not represent the College in any public exhibition. 
Special students may not represent the College unless they are carrying 
successfully fifteen hours of work per week. Men who are rated by the 
faculty as special students are not eligible to act as captains or managers. 

Financial Regulations. The physical department committee of the 
student Association and the managers of the respective teams shall 
deposit all funds received with the College treasurer. The accounts shall 
be kept on the regular blanks and in a manner approved by the College 
treasurer. This includes the turning in by the manager of the team sheets 
with vouchers after each game. 

Physical Condition. Teams are limited to men physically lit for the 
contest in which they wish to engage. Fitness is determined by the 
director after careful examination at the time of entrance. Additional 
examinations are made if any doubt exists as to physical fitness. 

Outside Competition. Individual students or teams shall not enter com- 
petition on other than regularly organized college teams without the 
consent of the director from September 15 to June 10. 

64. Student Control 

General Supervision. 

The physical department committee of the student Association has 
general supervision under the direction of the faculty of all varsity, 
College and class teams in competition. They may recommend to the 
faculty men competent as coaches for the various teams. If these men 
are outside the regular faculty, a deposit of an amount satisfactory to the 
faculty must be made with the College treasurer for the salary of the 
coaches. All salaries are paid by the College through its treasurer. 

Major and Minor Teams. The football, baseball and gymnastic teams 
are recognized as major teams. Soccer, hockey, basket ball, fencing, 
swimming, track, wrestling and tennis at present constitute the group of 
minor teams. 



115 



Team Emblems 


and Certificates. 






Team 


Uniform 


Emblem 


Rugby football 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Baseball 


\A/liitf* coat 

V V 111 LV. V 11 1 1 1 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Gymnastic team 


White coat 

»» 111 IV/ VUCIL 


sweater 


Maroon S 


Soccer 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon aSf 


Basket ball 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon bSb 


Hockey 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon hSt 


Fencing 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon fSt 


Tennis 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon tSt 


Swimming 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon sSt 


Track 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon tSt 


Wrestling 


White coat 


sweater 


Maroon wSt 



Team emblems, certificates and class numerals are given by the student 
Association to those who make varsity, College or class teams. The 
varsity emblem consists of a six-inch block S, maroon in color. The 
minor teams have the same emblem with two-inch team letters on each 
side of the emblem. The second team emblem is a five-inch block S with 
the figure two inserted in it. 

Varsity emblems and certificates are given under the following con- 
ditions : 

Varsity Emblems. 

(1) Each team, with the exception of the gymnastic team, must have 
four recognized colleges on its schedule. 

(2) A man must play in at least two full games or four half games, a 
half game in baseball to be four and one-half innings. Five innings in 
a baseball game are credited as a full game for the pitcher. In football 
two full games, four halves or ten quarters are required. 

(3) The gymnastic teams shall have a schedule of not less than eight 
exhibitions and the individual must take part in at least seventy-five per 
cent of the team's exhibitions. 

Minor Emblems. 

(1) The team must have a schedule of at least four games. 

(2) The individual must take part in at least two full or four half 
games. 

Class Numerals. These are given to men who play in one full half in 
any interclass game or win a point in one of the interclass competitions. 



Boys' Work Course 



The subjects taken by students in the boys' work course are outlined 
in the diagram on page 47. 

It is becoming apparent that practically all men who are to enter the 
secretaryship or physical directorship of the Association ought to famil- 
iarize themselves with work among boys. Much attention is given at the 
College to studying the social and religious life of boys and methods of 
helping them. There is increasing demand for secretaries and physical 
directors among boys. Students desiring to become secretaries of boys' 
departments will take the regular secretarial course, and students wishing 
to fit themselves for physical work among boys will take the regular physi- 
cal course. Students preparing for work among boys will have oppor- 
tunity all through their course to give special attention to this department. 

A seminar under the direction of Professor Cheney has been organized 
for the men especially interested in work among boys. The object of this 
seminar is to study the methods of work, the recent literature which has 
been produced and to bring to the College prominent leaders of work 
among boys. 

So much interest has been manifested in this form of service that the 
subjects which are taught at the institution bearing upon work for boys 
are here grouped together. They form an excellent course for preparation 
for the boys' secretaryship and physical directorship. Many of the leaders 
in these callings are among the College's recent alumni. The library is 
equipped with the most up-to-date discussions of adolescent problems. 
The special courses bearing upon boys' work are as follows : 

(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. Dr. Seerley. 

(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(3) Studies in Adolescence. Professor Burr. 

(4) Religious Education for Boys. Professor Zinn. 

(5) General Outline of Work for Boys. Professor Cheney. 

(6) Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy. 

(7) Nature Study. Professor Affleck. 

(8) Practical Work for Boys. Professors Zinn and Johnson. 

(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology, Dr. Seerley. This subject is 
taught in connection with the general course in psychology and may be 
found in detail on page 53. It will be seen that attention is given under 
genetic psychology to the study of the laws of mental development as they 
appear in the boy and young man. The study of the human instincts 
receives careful attention. In this connection the subject of personal 
purity from the psychological standpoint is presented, also the influence 
of heredity, degeneracy and other important subjects. 

The course in physiology, which is described in detail on page 62, con- 
siders the laws of growth and the conditions of the bod}' at different 
stages of its development. 



117 



(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys, Dr. McCurdy. Instruction is 
given on the effect of different types of exercise on the physique of the 
growing boy. The heart rate, pulse characteristics and blood pressure are 
thoroughly studied. The respiration is carefully treated in its relation to 
the different types of exercise. Various fatigue problems are considered 
in their relation to the growth and exercise of the boy. (See page 88.) 

(3) The Social Life of the Boy, Professor Burr. 

(a) The social nature of the boy. 

(b) The social organization of boys. Gangs, teams, clubs, etc. 

(c) Periods in the development of the social life of boys. 

The hunting period : the time of the bow and arrow and Indian play. 
The agricultural and pastoral period : time of especial interest in care of 
plants and animals. The constructive period : the time when the passion 
to make something shows itself. The competitive games stage : the time 
when individuals play in groups, but without team play. The cooperative 
period : the time for team play — football, baseball, hockey, etc. The 
altruistic period : the time when egotism is modified by altruism. Adoles- 
cence. 

(d) Practical suggestion as to the types of organization best fitted for 
boys in these various stages. 

(4) Religious Education for Boys, Professor Zinn. This course, which 
is outlined on page 49, gives special attention to the all-round development 
of the boy, making religion the dominant and unifying factor in his life. 
Religious education recognizes the stages of development through boy- 
hood, youth and young manhood. It seeks to prepare the teacher to deal 
with the perplexing problems of a growing personality. 

(5) Methods, Professor Cheney. There is being a rapid development 
in methods of work among boys. In order that students in this course 
and all students preparing for the secretaryship may have the latest con- 
ception of the best methods, arrangements have been made with a group 
of leaders in work among boys to give lectures upon the most successful 
methods of work. The College stands for the same ideal in boys' work 
as in work for men — that the work of the Association is to advance the 
kingdom of God, and that all the work must be carried on from the point 
of view of winning boys and young men to accept Christ. Special atten- 
tion will be given to methods of helping boys in Christian living, in Bible 
study and in Christian work. 

(6) Physical Work for Boys, Dr. McCurdy. The course consists of 
instruction in the types of exercise best fitted for boys, and of normal 
practice in leading in gymnastics and sports for boys. The mass class 
work includes marching, free exercises, dumb-bells, clubs and bar bells. 
The work on the heavy apparatus includes only the hygienic work where 
momentary support is required. The course in indoor games includes 
team games like basket ball and hoop ball. Instruction is given in the 
various track and field sports, also in the different styles of swimming and 
diving. Splendid facilities are offered for ice sports on the lake adjoining 
the College, also on the College rink. Skating and ice sports are taught. 



113 



(7) Nature Study, Professor Affleck, fall, winter and spring terms, 
two hours per week. The course in nature study is somewhat informal, 
being intended primarily for a training of the students in the ability to 
intelligently study the phases of nature by which they may happen to be 
surrounded in any given locality. It is not so much the study of the 
natural sciences as such as it is the development of an attitude of mind 
whereby inquiry, reverence, pleasure, etc., are developed. It attempts to 
develop in the students the ability of "seeing the things they look at and 
drawing proper conclusions from what they see." It is calculated chiefly 
for use with boys on hikes and excursions, but particularly in summer 
camps. 

(8) Practical Work for Boys, Professors Zinn and Johnson. A large 
number of the students are doing practical work for boys. Many of 
these are teaching classes in the Sunday school and meeting members 
during week days for outings, athletic and gymnastic games and social 
gatherings. During the past summer, three playgrounds and two swim- 
ming places were maintained in Springfield and were manned by College 
students. These furnish an admirable opportunity for experience with 
boys. In addition to these opportunities the students are fortunate in 
being able to study an unusually successful work for boys in the local 
Association and also the work of the Springfield Boys' Club for working 
boys. 



Preparatory Course 

As no student can be a candidate for a diploma and be admitted to the 
regular courses at the College in full standing unless he has a good Eng- 
lish education and has attained high school standing in English, general 
history and mathematics, provision has been made by the trustees for 
students to make up deficiencies in these branches. As no student can be 
admitted to the work in physiological physics and chemistry unless he has 
first mastered general physics and chemistry, the trustees have provided 
in the preparatory course for instruction in these two branches. 

1. English 

Mr. Campbell, three terms, five hours per week. The object of this 
course is to familiarize the student with the use of English. Much atten- 
tion is given to personal instruction. The study of rhetoric and composi- 
tion covers that given in a high school or academy. 

2. General History 

Professor Hyde, three terms, five hours per week. Work is done in 
broader reading and more or less independent study with reference to 
informal addresses to the class. Pictures, illustrating the art and archi- 
tecture of certain periods, are exhibited. The purpose of the course is to 



119 



give a foundation for subsequent historical work which is to be done in 
the College course. 

Text-books: "Outlines of European History." Vol. I, "Robinson and 
Breasted." Vol. II, "Robinson and Beard." 

3. Mathematics 

Professor Johnson, three terms, five hours per week. The first part of 
this course is devoted to a review of advanced arithmetic. Algebra is 
then studied as far as quadratics, and the last term is devoted to master- 
ing the five books of plane geometry. 

The text-books used are: "Grammar School Arithmetic," G. A. Went- 
worth, revised edition ; "Elements of Algebra" and "Plane Geometry," 
revised edition, by same author. 

4. Physics 

Professor Johnson, fall term, five hours per week. This work is con- 
ducted on the laboratory method and is devoted to a study of general 
physics. It seeks to prepare for the understanding of and research in 
subsequent studies in bodily mechanics and physiology of exercise. 

The text-book used is Milliken and Gale's "A First Course in Physics." 

5. Chemistry 

Mr. Drew, winter and spring terms, five hours per week. A large 
share of this work is devoted to laboratory exercises. The course takes 
up general inorganic chemistry and aims to prepare the student for a 
later study of physiological physics, hygiene, diet, etc. 

The text-book used is "An Elementary Text Book by Morgan and 
Lyman." The laboratory fee for the course is $3.00. 

6. Bookkeeping 

Eight weeks. For students who have not an acquaintance with general 
bookkeeping, a course of study will be offered. This course will familiarize 
the men with the ordinary principles of keeping accounts, and is prepara- 
tory to the advanced course described on page 71. 

7. Gymnastics and Athletics 

Students in this course will be given gymnastic and athletic exercise, 
two periods daily, under competent instruction. 



General Information 



1. Admission 

The College is open only to Christian young men, over eighteen years 
of age, who have already shown ability in the direction of the work 
for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant must be a member in good 
standing of an evangelical church, and if admitted is expected to unite 
and work with some church of his choice in this city within the first term 
after his admission. 

2. Degrees 

Candidates for the bachelor's degree in either the secretarial or the 
physical course may be admitted on presentation of a certificate of some 
approved high or preparatory school. It is desirable that candidates for 
the physical course should elect in high school courses in English, French, 
German, mathematics, physics, chemistry and history. 

Candidates without high school certificates may be admitted under the 
following conditions: 

(1) They must present a certified list of subjects covered, with the 
grade in each; also the number of recitation periods in each subject. 

(2) One recitation period is to count one point. 

(3) The total number of points required is 2,880, the same as by the 
Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York. 

(For a suggested outline of courses, see "Secondary Education, Bulletin 
607, Syllabus for Secondary Schools," published by the New York State 
Educational Department, Albany, N. Y. Price 25 cents.) 

(4) Candidates must pass examinations in English, mathematics and 
science 600 points, and in history 400 points. 

(5) The additional 1,880 points required are elective. 

(6) Candidates must pass examinations in English, mathematics and 
history under the supervision of the College, but credits will be accepted 
in other subjects from institutions of recognized standing. 

3. Diplomas 

Candidates for diplomas in the three-year course in either the secretarial 
or the physical department may be admitted, provided they satisfy the 
president that they are qualified for the course which they wish to take. 

For entrance to the secretarial course, students must have the equiva- 
lent of a high school diploma in : 



121 



(1) English, covering grammar, rhetoric and English literature. 

(2) History, covering ancient, European, English and United States 
history. 

(3) Bookkeeping and commercial law. 

(4) They must also have the equivalent of 300 points additional of 
high school grade. 

For entrance to the physical course, students must have the equivalent 
of a high school diploma in : 

(1) English, covering grammar, rhetoric and English literature. 

(2) History, covering ancient, European, English and United States 
history. 

(3) Mathematics, covering arithmetic, algebra and plane geometry. 

(4) Physics. 

(5) Chemistry. 

Students who cannot present satisfactory certificates for work done 
elsewhere will be required to pass examinations before entrance. Arrange- 
ments have been made by the trustees to give instruction to students who 
may be deficient in English, history, physics, chemistry, mathematics and 
bookkeeping. 

4. Requirements 

(1) College and technical school graduates may be given advanced 
standing if the president finds upon examination that they have satisfac- 
torily completed any subjects in the course for which they are registered. 

(2) All men enter the institution on probation. They are recognized 
as matriculated students only after they have satisfactorily completed one 
term's work. 

(3) All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can- 
didates for the physical course should do this before coming to Springfield. 

(4) Business experience is considered very desirable for men entering 
the secretarial course. 

(5) Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the 
opening of the College year (Wednesday afternoon, at four o'clock, Sep- 
tember 19, 1917), and all students are expected to be present at the opening 
exercises. 

(6) If at any time a student shows lack of the prerequisites for suc- 
cess, he will be dismissed. 

(7) No one will be enrolled as a student unless he is taking two hours' 
recitation work daily. Persons desiring less work may be admitted as 
visitors, but cannot be rated as students. 

(8) No student who is in arrears to the College will be graduated. 

(9) The three days before the opening of College in the fall will be 
devoted to registration. It is desired that all entering students who have 
conditions or who are to enter upon examination be enrolled before the 
opening exercises at four o'clock Wednesday afternoon, September 19, 
1917. 



122 



5. Estimate of Expenses for the College Year 

The following table is based upon the experience of the past five years : 



Table board ("Woods Hall <£4 00 npr wppI^ 

ttiyxv uuui u ^ v v Uvuj nail. virr.Uv/ \J\Zl VV cch. / • 




on 

uu 


$152 


on 

UU 


Furnished room with light and heat ($1.25 to $175 per 












week, 38 weeks). A reduction of twenty-five cents 












per week if paid monthly in advance, 


47 


50 


to 


66 


50 


Tuition. Ten dollars reduction for each half-year if 












paid in advance, 


140 


00 




140 


00 


Tuition for preparatory year, 


$100 


00 




100 


00 


Locker and towel fee, 


5 


25 




5 


25 


Boxing, fencing or wrestling, 


5 


00 


to 


10 


00 


♦Gymnastic and athletic suits, 


15 


00 


to 


40 


00 


Laundry, 


12 


00 


to 


20 


00 


Text and notebooks, 


12 


00 


to 


30 


00 


i_<aDoraiory iees arm supplies, 


10 


AO 
UU 




20 


on 


Class fee, 


1 


00 




1 


00 


Conventions, 


15 


00 


to 


18 


00 


fMembership in Student Association, 


10 


00 




10 


00 


Subscription to Association Men, 




50 






50 


Subscription to The Association Seminar, 


1 


00 




1 


00 


Subscriptions to physical education magazines, 


3 


00 




3 


00 


Storage of canoe or boat, 


2 


50 




2 


50 




$431 


75 


$519 


75 


Senior trip, 


36 


00 


to 


50 


00 


Junior trip, 


15 


00 




15 


00 


Diploma, 


3 


00 


to 


5 


00 



Tuition is payable for the first half at the opening of College and the 
second half on the last Monday in January. A reduction of ten dollars 
for each half-year will be made if this regulation is complied with. There 
will be no refund of tuition for students leaving six weeks or more after 
the beginning of the fall term, or six weeks or more after the last Monday 
in January. Students entering after the beginning of the year will pay 
tuition for the entire time for which they receive credit unless they are 
admitted to advanced standing from other institutions. The locker and 
towel fee is payable with the first instalment of tuition. This fee entitles 
the student to a locker and the use of one towel per day. A clean towel is 
furnished daily on the return of the used towel. Lost towels will be 
replaced at a cost of twenty-five cents each. A refund of twenty-five 
cents will be given on the return of the towel at the end of the year. 



* Students are advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming 
to the College, as the College has regulation colors and suits which all are expected 
to wear. 

t Students are expected to take out a membership in the Student Association and 
support its work. This ticket will admit them to the privileges of the city Associa- 
tions. 



123 

Room rent is payable promptly on the first day of each month and 
rooms can be held only upon this condition. A reduction of one dollar 
per month is made to students who comply with this condition. No reduc- 
tion of rent will be made to a student who engages a room and fails to 
appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his room less than a 
month before the close of the College year. Rent stops only when the room 
is vacated and the key returned to the office. A deposit of fifty cents will 
be required for each key. 

Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his own room, which 
must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide sheets, 
pillow slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single ; pillows, 18 x 25 inches. 
Rooms are liable to inspection. 

6. Eligibility for Classes and Promotion 

Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class- 
room exercises each day during five days of the week also at least two 
hours' daily practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics, 
athletics, laboratory work, practical work in the Young Men's Christian 
Association or other normal practice. 

There is no school on Saturday. 

Students are not eligible for classes until the tuition has been paid or 
properly arranged for in the financial office. In laboratory courses where 
a special fee is charged this must be paid before the student can be 
admitted to the course. 

Probation. 

A student may be placed on probation should there be doubt regarding 
his qualities for Christian leadership or moral character or when his work 
is unsatisfactory in general, whether in classroom, gymnasium, field or in 
normal practice. 

During this period of probation he shall not be excluded from repre- 
senting the College, if otherwise eligible, except by faculty vote. 

Absence from Classes. 

No excuse will be given for any absences. But to provide for College 
representation five absences during any term, or the equivalent of a week 
of attendance, will not affect the student's grade. Two tardy marks will 
count as one absence. One per cent will be subtracted from the term's 
average for each additional absence above these five. 

The first two days of each term are of so much importance that two per 
cent will be subtracted for each absence on these days. 

Special Examinations. 

An examination is termed "special" when it is given to pass a subject 
or raise a grade, following failure to make satisfactory standing for a 
term. Conditions in physical practice due to inefficiency or overcuts must 
be made up by the necessary extra attendance prior to the special examina- 



124 



tion. For a "special" examination, a fee of $2.00 shall be paid in advance. 
Students who are in good standing and who have been kept out of classes 
by illness, injury or other unavoidable causes, may be allowed to make up 
lost work within two weeks following return to College without payment 
of a fee. Such examinations are not considered "special," as the student 
has not failed. 

Promotions. 

A student who has any preparatory conditions, may not be promoted into 
the Junior class, but shall be rated a Freshman during the whole of the 
first term, or as much longer as the conditions continue. During this 
time he shall not enjoy Junior privileges or represent the class in any 
activity. 

A student who has any Freshman conditions, may not be promoted 
into the Senior class but shall be rated a Junior during the whole of the 
first term, or as much longer as the conditions continue. During this time 
he shall not enjoy Senior privileges or represent the class in any activity. 

A Senior may not be admitted to the winter or spring terms with any 
(theory) classroom conditions against him. 

A Senior shall not be eligible for graduation if he has any physical 
practice conditions against him on May 1. Examinations on unfinished 
work preceding May 1 will be given during the week following Commence- 
ment. 

If conditions do exist, the student shall not attend classes except by 
permission of the faculty till such conditions are removed. 

This standard has a definite bearing upon the question of degrees. 

Men habitually falling below eighty shall be regarded as ineligible for 
degrees regardless of final grades. 

All students are expected to be members in some Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association in Springfield or vicinity. 

7. Eligibility to Represent the College 

(1) Professors shall report twice each term to the dean the names of 
students who are not passing in their work. The dates for such reports 
shall be previously decided upon by the faculty. 

A student who is not passing in three full subjects may not represent 
the College in any function or activity, occupy any important office in 
College organization or engage in any normal work except by special 
vote of the faculty. 

(2) A student who has three or more conditions a term old shall not 
be eligible to represent his class or College in any function or activity. A 
condition is defined as incompleted work in any subject unit of any term. 

(3) The names of all ineligible students with date of ineligibility shall 
be posted to prevent misunderstanding and for the benefit of coaches. 
The frequent appearance of a name on this list or the continuation of such 



125 



a condition may be considered a sufficient reason for suspension or failure 
to promote, graduate or grant degree. 

(4) Only members of the Student Association are eligible to represent 
the College. 

8. Self-Support 

Many of the students earn a portion of the expenses of the course 
either during vacation or by securing work in the city. The institution 
cannot undertake to find work for students in advance of their coming, but 
by letters of introduction, information and in other ways renders much 
assistance to students with insufficient means. A small loan fund, how- 
ever, has enabled quite a number of students to complete their courses. 
The income from the Foss Fund of $1,000 is also available for this pur- 
pose. A number find opportunity for work in connection with the build- 
ings. Students are given positions as assistant teachers in the preparatory 
department, in the gymnasium and on the athletic field. A number secure 
positions in neighboring Associations. Candidates for admission who 
have insufficient means are invited to correspond with the president. 

9. Student Organizations 

The College has no fraternities, brotherhoods or permanent social clubs. 

The Student Association 

The Student Association is the great factor in student life. It fosters 
and administers the religious activities of the student body. It controls 
and administers all varsity and class athletics, the College dining hall, the 
student cooperative store, the employment bureau, the literary societies, 
College dramatics, the musical clubs and all College social activities. The 
official organ of the Student Association is the Springfield Student which 
is published weekly during the College year. 

Participation in all student activities is dependent upon membership in 
the Student Association. The annual fee of ten dollars admits the member 
to all athletic contests, gymnastic exhibitions and entertainments without 
recurrence of further dues. This fee also includes subscription to the 
Springfield Student. 

It is expected that every man will join the Association upon his arrival 
in Springfield. 

Senate 

In May, 1907, as a result of a suggestion from the faculty, the students 
adopted resolutions creating a student senate consisting of four Seniors, 
three Juniors, two Freshmen and one Preparatory, elected by popular 
vote from members of the Student Association. The senate acts as an 
intermediator between the faculty and students concerning matters of 
common interest pertaining to the students and the College. The senate 
has filled a great need in the student body and the experience of past 
years has shown the wisdom of having such an organization. 



126 



Lee Literary Society 

This society, the oldest of its kind in the College, has accomplished 
much useful work. Since its inception it has striven to give thorough 
discipline in debate and in the proper conducting of the deliberative 
assemblies. Through its regular weekly meetings its members are afforded 
an opportunity of acquiring that facility of speech and that clearness and 
force in the expression of thought and feeling, which form such a valu- 
able asset in after years. The Lee Society was named in honor of Henry 
S. Lee, one of the early benefactors of the College. Further, it has for 
critic Prof. H. M. Burr, whose kindly and sympathetic criticism con- 
tributes so much to the success of the society. An annual prize debate 
for gold and silver medals usually concludes the season. 

McKinley Literary Society 

The McKinley Literary Society this past year has been of great service 
to its members for training in parliamentary law, public speaking and 
debating. The critic of the society, Professor Berry, has been most help- 
ful in his work, benefiting the members by his criticisms and encouraging 
the work of the society. The student critic work, giving the members an 
opportunity themselves of criticising the program, has been a success. 
The past year, the twelfth in the history of the society, has shown an 
increasing interest by the members. The programs have been well planned 
and faithfully carried out, covering a wide range of popular subjects. 
The social life of the society, with evenings on the lake, canoe trips, 
camp suppers and the annual banquet in Woods Hall, keeps the members 
alive to the possibilities in their later work. Members of incoming classes 
are always welcome to the society's meetings and all are invited to join. 

The International Lyceum 

The thirteenth year of the Lyceum's existence has been most successful. 
Owing to the growth of the College, it was deemed advisable to increase 
the limit of membership to thirty-five. 

There is a full quota of members, fifteen of whom are foreigners, 
coming from three continents and six countries outside the United States. 

The programs as in the past have been varied and of social and literary 
interest. The constitution has been revised and especial attention is 
being given to developing a knowledge of parliamentary practice, together 
with ease and fluency in speaking. 

The critic is Prof. E. M. Best, who has been untiring in his efforts for 
the advancement of the society. 

The Lyceum extends to all new students a most cordial invitation to 
become one of the society in the study of literature and of the art of 
public speaking so essential to Association men. 

The Philomathean Literary Society 

The Philomathean Literary Society has now been in existence for eight 
years and during this time its progress has been steadily advancing and 



127 



the success of its teams in the intersociety debating contest has been of 
the highest. 

The purpose of the society is to develop the art of public speaking 
to become familiar with parliamentary procedure, and to stimulate an 
interest among its members for conducting business in a systematic 
manner. It is also the aim of the society to foster a fraternal spirit among 
its members and to assist in developing their social nature. The member- 
ship in this society is limited to twenty-five, that there may be a larger 
opportunity for development along these lines. The society is fortunate 
in having Prof. R. L. Cheney as critic. His hearty cooperation, sympathy 
and helpful criticism have contributed much to the efficiency of the society. 

The society meets each Monday evening at 7.15 during the College year. 
A cordial invitation is extended to all to attend any of its sessions and 
especially are all members of incoming classes invited to be present at its 
regular meetings. 

Weidensall Literary Society 

See page 81. 

The British Society 

This society, composed of men from all parts of the British Empire, 
was formed some years ago with a view to keeping all its members in a 
close fellowship with each other and also for the promotion of a spirit of 
comradeship with the men of America while they are in this country. 
Since the formation of the society many of its members have passed out 
to do Young Men's Christian Association work in all parts of the world. 
In Australia, France, Russia, India, South Africa, England, Canada, 
Hawaii and many other places are to be found men who were former 
members of the society. 

This year the society numbers thirty-four men from all parts of the 
globe and an esprit de corps exists which is healthful and commendable. 
Various functions are held throughout the year, including the banquet to 
incoming men in the fall and a celebration in the country on May 24, 
Empire Day. 

College Musical Club 

The musical work of the College is described on page 56. The musical 
club, composed of glee, mandolin and guitar clubs and orchestra, is the 
organized means of expression for the musical talent in the College. With 
the rapid growth of the College a parallel standard of excellence is the 
goal of the club. The objectives are: To promote the interest in music 
within the College ; to prepare students for serving musically in the secu- 
lar and religious work in the Young Men's Christian Association and to 
provide opportunity for service in the religious life of Springfield and 
vicinity. Those with musical ability are always welcomed within its ranks. 
Members receive recognition for faithful work in the form of a suitable 
emblem and certificate. 



128 



Springfield College Dramatic Club 

Dramatics find a prominent place in Springfield College and the plays 
presented by the students are of a particularly high order. Any member 
of the student Association may try out for a place in the cast of the Com- 
mencement play, and any member of the Junior class for the Junior class 
play to be presented in March. The student body is divided into four 
chapters and each chapter is in charge of a dean elected by the students 
at the annual election of student Association officers. Deans are respon- 
sible for the active participation of their respective chapters during cer- 
tain months of the College year. In this way it is possible to allow every 
man a chance to participate in at least one play offered by his chapter and 
in the play offered at Commencement. The chairman of the Dramatic 
Club is appointed by the student Association, and the committee is made 
up of the chairman and the four deans. 

Entering students interested in dramatics should consult the chairman 
as soon as they arrive at the College. 

The Student Volunteer Band 

The Student Volunteer Band of the College works in cooperation with 
the missionary committee of the student Association in its endeavor 
to increase the interest of students in the foreign field. The aim is two- 
fold : (1) To interest and enlist students as active student volunteers, 
and (2) to increase the knowledge of the needs and opportunities of the 
foreign work in order that those men who are to carry on the work 
at home may still feel a sympathetic responsibility for the work in 
foreign lands. Not all can become workers in foreign lands, but a 
knowledge of the great world problems which other men are trying to 
solve will make better workers in a man's own field and make him an 
indirect foreign worker in many ways. 

Any new men who are interested in the problems of foreign missions 
are invited to get in touch with the chairman of the missionary com- 
mittee as soon as they land in Springfield. 

The Springfield Student 

The Springfield Student is the representative College paper, which was 
first issued in January, 1908, when it appeared in connection with the 
Association Seminar. In October, 1910, it became a separate publication. 
The purpose of the Springfield Student is to accurately represent the 
College in all its departments and to encourage the students in self- 
expression along literary lines. The paper is under the supervision of 
the student Association, but directly controlled by the editorial board 
which consists of a staff partially elected and partially appointed. 

10. Contributions 

To maintain the work of the College on its present plane of efficiency, 
a yearly income of $38,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is 
required. Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention 



129 



if addressed to L. L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be made 
payable to H. H. Bowman, Treasurer. 

The College has a partial endowment fund of $143,765, which has been 
contributed by friends of the institution during the past few years. 

This consists of the following funds : 



Parmlee Memorial Fund $10,000 

Horace Smith Fund 45,000 

Horace Smith Loan Fund 5,400 

Russell Sturgis Memorial Fund 1,000 

R. R. McBurney Fund 3,000 

Henry S. Lee Fund 5,000 

F. M. Kirby Fund 5,000 

F. B. Pratt Fund 5,000 

Emerson Gaylord Memorial Fund 5,000 

Woods Hall Endowment Fund 4,600 

Mary R. Searle Library Fund 1,000 

Foss Student Loan Fund 1,000 

Frances Moody Memorial Fund 10,000 

Robert A. Harris Memorial Fund 1,000 

Edwin F. See Memorial Fund 2,500 

George W. Collord Student Loan Fund 1,500 

Theron H. Hawks Fund 500 

British Loan Fund 300 

Sherman D. Porter Fund 10,000 

Mary C. K. Preston Fund 1,600 

Edward P. Hitchcock Fund 5,000 

General Fund 26,600 



$150,000 

11. Bequest for Endowment 

I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation College, Springfield, Mass., the sum of 

to be safely invested by them and called the 

Fund, the interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the College. 

12. Perpetual Loan Fund 

For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International 
Young Men's Christian Association College, Springfield, Mass. [or any of 

its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of 

— or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be safely invested 
by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of students who 
have already shown ability in the work of the College. 



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